Zyprexa: 6 things you should know
Medically reviewed by C. Fookes, BPharm Last updated on Jan 29, 2019.
1. How it works
- Zyprexa is a brand (trade) name for olanzapine and may be used for the treatment of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Experts aren't exactly sure how olanzapine works but suggest it has effects on neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin in the brain.
- Zyprexa belongs to the class of medicines known as atypical antipsychotics. Atypical means it is less likely than older antipsychotics to cause movement-related side effects.
- May be used to relieve symptoms associated with schizophrenia in adults and children aged 13 years and older.
- May be used for the treatment of manic or mixed episodes of bipolar I disorder in adults and children aged 13 years and older.
- May also be used in addition to fluoxetine for the treatment of treatment-resistant depression and depression associated with bipolar I disorder in adults and children older than ten years.
- Relieves symptoms such as hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that are not actually there), disturbed thoughts (such as paranoia or suspicion), lack of emotion, anxiety, aggression, or agitation.
- Less likely than haloperidol or risperidone to cause movement-related side effects.
- Unlike clozapine, is not associated with a risk of agranulocytosis (a severe type of white blood cell disorder).
- Unlikely to cause clinically significant hyperprolactinemia or prolongation of the QT interval.
- Zyprexa is available as a generic under the name olanzapine.
If you are between the ages of 18 and 60, take no other medication or have no other medical conditions, side effects you are more likely to experience include:
- Dizziness, a drop in blood pressure on standing, inner restlessness, constipation, and non-aggressive objectionable behavior. Weight gain of approximately 2.6kg (5.7 pounds) over six weeks is also common.
- Other reasonably common side effects include dry mouth, lazy eye and extrapyramidal symptoms (such as restlessness, tremor, uncontrolled muscle contractions), although these movement-related disorders are less likely to occur with olanzapine compared to haloperidol or risperidone. May also cause difficulty swallowing.
- May increase blood sugar levels. People with a history of diabetes or at risk of diabetes should be monitored closely. May also cause undesirable changes in blood lipids.
- May cause drowsiness and affect a person's ability to drive or operate machinery. Avoid alcohol.
- Should not be used for the treatment of dementia-related psychosis in elderly people because this has been associated with an increased risk of death.
- Potentially irreversible tardive dyskinesia can develop, even with low dosages used short-term. Symptoms include facial grimacing, repetitive chewing, and tongue thrusting.
- Rarely, may cause Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome; symptoms include high body temperature, muscle rigidity, and mental disturbances. Discontinue immediately and seek urgent medical advice.
- Blood counts may need monitoring as Zyprexa can cause numbers of white blood cells to decrease.
- May affect body temperature regulation and reproductive and sexual function. May not be suitable for some people such as those with glaucoma, cardiovascular disease, prostate enlargement, liver disease, a history of seizures or in the elderly.
- Prescriptions for olanzapine should be written for the smallest number of tablets as the possibility of suicide is inherent in schizophrenia and bipolar 1 disorder.
- May interact with a number of drugs, including anti-hypertensive agents, antidepressants, and levodopa. See prescribing information for a full list of interactions.
Notes: In general, seniors or children, people with certain medical conditions (such as liver or kidney problems, heart disease, diabetes, seizures) or people who take other medications are more at risk of developing a wider range of side effects. For a complete list of all side effects, click here.
- Report any symptoms of increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite or weakness to your doctor.
- May be administered with or without food.
- Zyprexa Zydis are orally-disintegrating tablets. Open by peeling back the foil on the blister with dry hands (do not push the tablet through foil). Remove and place the entire Zyprexa Zydis tablet on the tongue; disintegration should occur rapidly.
- May cause sedation or impair judgment skills and affect your ability to drive or operate machinery.
- Do not drink alcohol while you are taking Zyprexa.
- Avoid overheating and dehydration.
- Make sure you eat a healthy, balanced diet and exercise regularly. Weight gain is common with Zyprexa and your doctor may regularly weigh you to ensure that you are not putting on too much weight. Your doctor may also do regular cholesterol and triglyceride tests because Zyprexa may also cause high-fat levels in your blood.
- People with diabetes may need to check their blood sugar levels more regularly while taking Zyprexa.
- Seek urgent medical advice if you develop uncontrolled body movements, confusion, high fever, lightheadedness, fainting, seizures, have problems controlling your body temperature, or difficulty swallowing.
- Talk to your doctor if you are feeling really depressed or having thoughts of suicide.
6. Response and Effectiveness
- Peak blood levels are reached within six hours of taking a single dose of Zyprexa. Effects are long lasting, so Zyprexa should be dosed once a day; however, it may take several weeks of continued dosing before a reduction in symptoms is seen.
- Concentrations of Zyprexa in the blood reach a steady state after approximately one week of dosing.
- Zyprexa (olanzapine) [Package Insert] Revised 01/2018 Eli Lilly and Company https://www.drugs.com/pro/zyprexa.html
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Zyprexa only for the indication prescribed.
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