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Relistor Side Effects

Generic Name: methylnaltrexone

Note: This document contains side effect information about methylnaltrexone. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Relistor.

For the Consumer

Applies to methylnaltrexone: oral tablet

Other dosage forms:

Along with its needed effects, methylnaltrexone (the active ingredient contained in Relistor) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking methylnaltrexone:

Incidence not known
  • Chills
  • diarrhea
  • fear or nervousness
  • increased sweating
  • severe abdominal or stomach pain
  • severe or persistent diarrhea
  • yawning

Some side effects of methylnaltrexone may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
  • Full or bloated feeling
  • headache
  • muscle spasms
  • pressure in the stomach
  • runny nose
  • swelling of abdominal or stomach area
  • vomiting

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to methylnaltrexone: oral tablet, subcutaneous kit, subcutaneous solution

Gastrointestinal

Very common (10% or more): Abdominal pain (up to 29%), flatulence (up to 13%), nausea (up to 12%)
Common (1% to 10%): Diarrhea,
Postmarketing reports: Perforation, cramping, vomiting[Ref]

Nervous system

Common (1% to 10%): Dizziness, tremor[Ref]

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Hyperhidrosis, flushing[Ref]

Other

Common (1% to 10%): Chills
Postmarketing reports: Malaise, pain, cases of opioid withdrawal[Ref]

Cardiovascular

In an open-label, uncontrolled study (n=1034), 4 myocardial infarctions (1 fatal), 1 stroke (fatal), 1 fatal cardiac arrest, and 1 sudden death were reported. It is not possible to establish a relationship between these events and use of this drug.[Ref]

Frequency not reported: Myocardial infarctions[Ref]

General

The most common adverse reactions included abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, hyperhidrosis, hot flush, tremor, and chills.[Ref]

Local

Common (1% to 10%): Injection site reactions including stinging, burning, pain, redness, and edema[Ref]

References

1. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

3. "Product Information. Relistor (methylnaltrexone)." Wyeth Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.

Some side effects of Relistor may not be reported. Always consult your doctor or healthcare specialist for medical advice. You may also report side effects to the FDA.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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