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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is edema?

Edema is swelling throughout your body. Edema is usually a sign that you are retaining fluid. The swelling may be caused by heart failure or kidney, thyroid, or liver disease. It may also be caused by medicines such as antidepressants, blood pressure medicines, or hormones. Sudden swelling around the lips or face may be a sign of a severe allergic reaction. Swelling of an arm or leg may be caused by blockage of your veins.

What other signs and symptoms may occur with edema?

How is edema diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask about your symptoms and any other symptoms you have. Tell your provider about any medical conditions you have. Your provider will examine your skin and may gently push on the swollen area to see if this leaves a dimple. Tests may be needed to find the cause of your edema.

How is edema treated and managed?

Treatment for edema depends on the cause. Depending on your medical condition, you may be given medicine to help get rid of extra body fluid. Your healthcare provider may suggest that you do any of the following to help manage edema:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.