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Muscle Spasm

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

A muscle spasm is a sudden contraction of any muscle or group of muscles. A muscle cramp is a painful muscle spasm. Muscle cramps commonly occur after intense exercise or during pregnancy. They may also be caused by certain medications, dehydration, low calcium or magnesium levels, or another medical condition.



You may need the following:

Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:

You may need other tests or treatment. You may also be referred to a physical therapist or other specialist. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

Contact your healthcare provider if:

Return to the emergency department if:

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.