Implanon Side Effects
Generic name: etonogestrel
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Oct 4, 2020.
Note: This document contains side effect information about etonogestrel. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Implanon.
For the Consumer
Applies to etonogestrel: subcutaneous implant
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
- Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
- Signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
- Signs of high blood pressure like very bad headache or dizziness, passing out, or change in eyesight.
- Signs of gallbladder problems like pain in the upper right belly area, right shoulder area, or between the shoulder blades; yellow skin or eyes; fever with chills; bloating; or very upset stomach or throwing up.
- Signs of skin infection like oozing, heat, swelling, redness, or pain.
- Weakness on 1 side of the body, trouble speaking or thinking, change in balance, drooping on one side of the face, or blurred eyesight.
- Depression or other mood changes.
- Eyesight changes or loss, bulging eyes, or change in how contact lenses feel.
- A lump in the breast, breast pain or soreness, or nipple discharge.
- Flu-like signs.
- Vaginal bleeding that is not normal.
- This drug may cause you to swell or keep fluid in your body. Tell your doctor if you have swelling, weight gain, or trouble breathing.
What are some other side effects of this drug?
All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
- Weight gain.
- Dizziness or headache.
- Pimples (acne).
- Vaginal irritation.
- Period (menstrual) changes. These include spotting between cycles or very light periods.
- Irritation where rod was placed.
- Stomach pain.
- Throat irritation.
- Back pain.
- Upset stomach.
- Feeling nervous and excitable.
These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-332-1088. You may also report side effects at https://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to etonogestrel: subcutaneous implant
Very common (10% or more): Menstrual bleeding irregularities (37%), vaginitis (14.5%), breast pain (12.8%)
Common (1% to 10%): Leukorrhea, dysmenorrhea
Very common (10% or more): Headache (24.9%)
Common (1% to 10%): Dizziness
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Migraine, somnolence
Postmarketing reports: Convulsions[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Weight increase (13.7%)
Common (1% to 10%): Increased appetite, weight decreased[Ref]
Very common (10% or more): Acne (14.8%)
Common (1% to 10%): Alopecia
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Hypertrichosis, pruritus, rash
Very common (10% or more): Abdominal pain (10.9%)
Very common (10% or more): Pharyngitis (10.5%)
Postmarketing reports: Rhinitis[Ref]
Implant site complications include: bruising, slight local irritation, pain, itching, fibrosis at implant site, paresthesia or paresthesia-like events, scarring, hematoma, redness, swelling, and abscess.
Migration of the implants has rarely occurred to the chest wall, as well as within the vasculature including the pulmonary artery. Some patients with migration to the pulmonary artery reported chest pain and/or dyspnea, others were asymptomatic.[Ref]
Common (1% to 10%): Insertion site pain, implant site complications, injection site reaction
Frequency not reported: Expulsion or migration of the implant[Ref]
Common (1% to 10%): Emotional lability, depression, nervousness, libido decreased
Common (1% to 10%): Back pain
Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Arthralgia, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia[Ref]
Common (1% to 10%): Hypersensitivity
Postmarketing reports: Anaphylactic reactions[Ref]
Common (1% to 10%): Influenza-like symptoms, pain, hot flush, fatigue
Postmarketing reports: Clinically relevant rise in blood pressure[Ref]
1. "Product Information. Nexplanon (etonogestrel)." Organon Pharmaceuticals, West Orange, NJ.
2. "Product Information. Implanon (etonogestrel)." Organon Pharmaceuticals, West Orange, NJ.
3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
4. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0
Frequently asked questions
- When will I get my first period after inserting the Implanon implant?
- What is the difference between Nexplanon and Implanon?
More about Implanon (etonogestrel)
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Compare Alternatives
- Support Group
- 1660 Reviews
- Drug class: contraceptives
- FDA Approval History
- Other brands
Related treatment guides
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.