Clofibrate Side Effects
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Oct 22, 2022.
Applies to clofibrate: oral capsule.
Musculoskeletal effects (myopathy) typically occur as a "flu-like" syndrome (myalgia, cramps, muscle weakness, and arthralgia). Rhabdomyolysis with an accompanying increase in creatinine kinase and creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) has been reported in patients with renal disease.[Ref]
Patients diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis are usually asymptomatic clinically several days after discontinuing clofibrate, but the muscle enzymes may remain elevated for a more prolonged period. Severe renal disease may increase the risk of myopathies, perhaps because of accumulation of the active metabolite clofibric acid.[Ref]
Hematologic adverse effects may include leukopenia, anemia, eosinophilia, agranulocytosis, and potentiation of anticoagulant effects. Because of these effects, some clinicians recommend periodic monitoring of blood counts.[Ref]
Hepatic disorders may include elevated liver enzymes and/or hepatomegaly. (Liver biopsy, when performed in this setting, is usually normal.) Clofibrate should be used cautiously for patients with a history of jaundice or liver disease.[Ref]
Dermatologic reactions which occur in about 2% of patients may include urticaria, rash, dry skin, and alopecia. Erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have occurred rarely.[Ref]
Fever, which occurred on rechallenge with clofibrate, has been reported in one case.[Ref]
Oncologic effects of tumor growth in rodents have been associated with many lipid-lowering drugs. Clofibrate has been associated with liver, pancreatic and testicular tumors in rats. Long-term clinical trials are needed to define the risk of cancer in humans.[Ref]
More about clofibrate
Related treatment guides
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Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.