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Olodaterol

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 16, 2020.

Pronunciation

(oh loe DA ter ol)

Index Terms

  • Olodaterol HCl
  • Olodaterol Hydrochloride

Dosage Forms

Excipient information presented when available (limited, particularly for generics); consult specific product labeling.

Aerosol Solution, Inhalation:

Striverdi Respimat: 2.5 mcg/actuation (4 g) [contains benzalkonium chloride, edetate disodium]

Brand Names: U.S.

  • Striverdi Respimat

Pharmacologic Category

  • Beta2 Agonist
  • Beta2-Adrenergic Agonist, Long-Acting

Pharmacology

Long acting beta2-receptor agonist; activates beta2 airway receptors, resulting in the stimulation of intracellular adenyl cyclase and a subsequent increase in the synthesis of cyclic-3’,5’ adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Elevated cAMP levels induce bronchodilation by relaxation of airway smooth muscle cells. Has much greater affinity for beta2-receptors than for beta1- or beta3-receptors.

Distribution

Vd: 1110 L

Metabolism

Direct glucuronidation (UGT2B7, UGT1A1, 1A7, and 1A9) and O-demethylation (primarily CYP2C9 and 2C8)

Excretion

Urine (5% to 7% unchanged); feces

Onset of Action

5 minutes

Time to Peak

10 to 20 minutes

Duration of Action

24 hours

Half-Life Elimination

7.5 hours

Protein Binding

~60%

Use: Labeled Indications

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Long-term maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema

Contraindications

Monotherapy (without use of a concomitant inhaled corticosteroid) in the treatment of asthma

Canadian labeling: Additional contraindications (not in US labeling): Hypersensitivity to olodaterol or any component of the formulation.

Documentation of allergenic cross-reactivity for sympathomimetics is limited. However, because of similarities in chemical structure and/or pharmacologic actions, the possibility of cross-sensitivity cannot be ruled out with certainty.

Dosing: Adult

COPD: Soft mist inhaler: Oral inhalation: Two inhalations once daily (maximum: 2 inhalations per day.)

Dosing: Geriatric

Refer to adult dosing.

Administration

Oral inhalation: Soft mist inhaler: For oral inhalation only; administer at the same time each day. Prime inhaler prior to initial use or if not used for >21 days by pointing inhaler towards ground and actuating until aerosol cloud is seen, then repeat 3 additional times before use. If not used for >3 days (but ≤21 days), actuate once before use. To prepare inhaler for use after priming, refer to manufacturer labeling. When dose is ready to be administered, breathe in slowly through the mouth and press the dose release button; continue to breathe in slowly as long as possible, then hold breath for 10 seconds or for as long as comfortable. Repeat for second inhalation.

Storage

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions are permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F). Avoid freezing. Discard 3 months after cartridge is inserted into inhaler.

Drug Interactions

AtoMOXetine: May enhance the tachycardic effect of Beta2-Agonists. Monitor therapy

AtoMOXetine: May enhance the hypertensive effect of Sympathomimetics. AtoMOXetine may enhance the tachycardic effect of Sympathomimetics. Monitor therapy

Atosiban: Beta2-Agonists may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Atosiban. Specifically, there may be an increased risk for pulmonary edema and/or dyspnea. Monitor therapy

Beta2-Agonists (Long-Acting): May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of other Beta2-Agonists (Long-Acting). Avoid combination

Beta-Blockers (Beta1 Selective): May diminish the bronchodilatory effect of Beta2-Agonists. Of particular concern with nonselective beta-blockers or higher doses of the beta1 selective beta-blockers. Monitor therapy

Beta-Blockers (Nonselective): May diminish the bronchodilatory effect of Beta2-Agonists. Avoid combination

Betahistine: May diminish the therapeutic effect of Beta2-Agonists. Monitor therapy

Caffeine and Caffeine Containing Products: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Olodaterol. Caffeine and Caffeine Containing Products may enhance the hypokalemic effect of Olodaterol. Monitor therapy

Cannabinoid-Containing Products: May enhance the tachycardic effect of Sympathomimetics. Exceptions: Cannabidiol. Monitor therapy

Cocaine (Topical): May enhance the hypertensive effect of Sympathomimetics. Management: Consider alternatives to use of this combination when possible. Monitor closely for substantially increased blood pressure or heart rate and for any evidence of myocardial ischemia with concurrent use. Consider therapy modification

Doxofylline: Sympathomimetics may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Doxofylline. Monitor therapy

Guanethidine: May enhance the arrhythmogenic effect of Sympathomimetics. Guanethidine may enhance the hypertensive effect of Sympathomimetics. Monitor therapy

Haloperidol: QT-prolonging Agents (Indeterminate Risk - Caution) may enhance the QTc-prolonging effect of Haloperidol. Monitor therapy

Linezolid: May enhance the hypertensive effect of Sympathomimetics. Management: Reduce initial doses of sympathomimetic agents, and closely monitor for enhanced pressor response, in patients receiving linezolid. Specific dose adjustment recommendations are not presently available. Consider therapy modification

Loop Diuretics: Beta2-Agonists may enhance the hypokalemic effect of Loop Diuretics. Monitor therapy

Loxapine: Agents to Treat Airway Disease may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Loxapine. More specifically, the use of Agents to Treat Airway Disease is likely a marker of patients who are likely at a greater risk for experiencing significant bronchospasm from use of inhaled loxapine. Management: This is specific to the Adasuve brand of loxapine, which is an inhaled formulation. This does not apply to non-inhaled formulations of loxapine. Avoid combination

Methacholine: Beta2-Agonists (Long-Acting) may diminish the therapeutic effect of Methacholine. Management: Hold long-acting beta2 agonists for 36 hours before methacholine use. Consider therapy modification

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Beta2-Agonists. Monitor therapy

Ozanimod: May enhance the hypertensive effect of Sympathomimetics. Management: Concomitant use of ozanimod with sympathomimetic agents is not recommended. If combined, monitor patients closely for the development of hypertension, including hypertensive crises. Consider therapy modification

Procarbazine: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Sympathomimetics. Management: Consider alternatives to this combination when possible. Procarbazine prescribing information states that this combination should be avoided. Consider therapy modification

QT-prolonging Agents (Highest Risk): QT-prolonging Agents (Indeterminate Risk - Caution) may enhance the QTc-prolonging effect of QT-prolonging Agents (Highest Risk). Management: Monitor for QTc interval prolongation and ventricular arrhythmias when these agents are combined. Patients with additional risk factors for QTc prolongation may be at even higher risk. Monitor therapy

Solriamfetol: Sympathomimetics may enhance the hypertensive effect of Solriamfetol. Sympathomimetics may enhance the tachycardic effect of Solriamfetol. Monitor therapy

Sympathomimetics: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of other Sympathomimetics. Monitor therapy

Tedizolid: May enhance the hypertensive effect of Sympathomimetics. Tedizolid may enhance the tachycardic effect of Sympathomimetics. Monitor therapy

Theophylline Derivatives: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Olodaterol. Theophylline Derivatives may enhance the hypokalemic effect of Olodaterol. Monitor therapy

Thiazide and Thiazide-Like Diuretics: Beta2-Agonists may enhance the hypokalemic effect of Thiazide and Thiazide-Like Diuretics. Monitor therapy

Tricyclic Antidepressants: May enhance the adverse/toxic effect of Beta2-Agonists. Monitor therapy

Adverse Reactions

>10%:

Respiratory: Nasopharyngitis (11%)

1% to 10%:

Dermatologic: Skin rash (2%)

Genitourinary: Urinary tract infection (3%)

Neuromuscular & skeletal: Back pain (4%), arthralgia (2%)

Respiratory: Bronchitis (5%)

<1%, postmarketing and/or case reports: Asthma-related death, constipation, cough, depression of ST segment on ECG, diarrhea, dizziness, fever, flattened T wave on ECG, hypersensitivity reaction (includes angioedema), hypokalemia (transient), increased serum glucose (high doses), increased diastolic blood pressure, increased pulse, increased systolic blood pressure, malignant neoplasm of lung, paradoxical bronchospasm, pneumonia, prolonged QT interval on ECG, rhinorrhea, upper respiratory tract infection

Warnings/Precautions

Concerns related to adverse effects:

• Asthma-related deaths: Monotherapy with a long-acting beta-2 agonist (LABA) is contraindicated in the treatment of asthma. The use of LABAs as monotherapy has been associated with an increased risk of severe exacerbations and asthma-related deaths (SMART [Nelson 2006]; Walters 2007); additional data from other clinical trials suggest risk of asthma-related hospitalization may also be increased with LABA monotherapy in pediatric and adolescent patients. However, data from large, randomized, double-blind controlled trials do not show a significant increase in risk of serious asthma-related events (including hospitalizations, intubations, and death) in adults, adolescents, and pediatric patients (4 to 11 years of age) when fixed-dose LABAs are used with inhaled corticosteroids combined in a single inhaler compared with inhaled corticosteroid monotherapy (FDA 2017). Current guidelines recommend the use of an as-needed, low-dose inhaled corticosteroid with formoterol for patients with infrequent symptoms (GINA 2020). Olodaterol is not indicated for the treatment of asthma. Available data do not suggest an increased risk of death with use of LABA in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

• Bronchospasm: Paradoxical bronchospasm that may be life-threatening may occur with use of inhaled beta-2 agonists; this reaction should be distinguished from inadequate response. Discontinue medication immediately if paradoxical bronchospasm occurs and institute alternative therapy.

• Hypersensitivity: Immediate hypersensitivity reactions, including angioedema, may occur; discontinue therapy if patient develops an allergic reaction.

• Serious effects/fatalities: Do not exceed recommended dose or frequency or use with other medications containing LABAs; serious adverse events, including fatalities, have been associated with excessive use of inhaled sympathomimetics.

Disease-related concerns:

• Cardiovascular disease: Use with caution in patients with cardiovascular disease (arrhythmia, coronary insufficiency, hypertension, or hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy); beta-agonists may cause elevation in blood pressure and heart rate. Beta-2 agonists may also produce electrocardiogram (ECG) changes (eg, T-wave flattening, QTc prolongation, ST segment depression).

• COPD: Appropriate use: Do not use for acute bronchospastic episodes of COPD. Do not initiate in patients with significantly worsening or acutely deteriorating COPD. Available data do not suggest an increased risk of death with use of a LABA in patients with COPD.

• Diabetes: Use with caution in patients with diabetes mellitus; beta-2 agonists may increase serum glucose and aggravate preexisting diabetes mellitus and ketoacidosis.

• Hyperthyroidism: Use with caution in patients with hyperthyroidism; may stimulate thyroid activity.

• Hypokalemia: Use with caution in patients with hypokalemia; beta-2 agonists may decrease serum potassium (transient).

• Seizures: Use with caution in patients with seizure disorders; beta-2 agonists may result in CNS stimulation/excitation.

Special populations:

• Pediatric: LABAs, when used as monotherapy, may increase the risk of asthma-related hospitalization in pediatric and adolescent patients. When LABAs are used in a fixed-dose combination with inhaled corticosteroids, data from large clinical trials in adolescents do not show a significant increase in the risk of serious asthma-related events (hospitalizations, intubations, death) compared to inhaled corticosteroids alone.

Concurrent drug therapy issues:

• Drug-drug interactions: Potentially significant interactions may exist, requiring dose or frequency adjustment, additional monitoring, and/or selection of alternative therapy. Consult drug interactions database for more detailed information.

Other warnings/precautions:

• Patient information: Patients using inhaled, short-acting beta-2 agonists should be instructed to discontinue routine use of these medications prior to beginning treatment. Short-acting agents should still be provided to patients; however, use should be reserved for symptomatic relief of acute symptoms. Patients must be instructed to seek medical attention in cases in which acute symptoms are not relieved or a previous level of response is diminished. The need to increase frequency of use of short-acting beta-2 agonists may indicate deterioration of COPD, and medical evaluation must not be delayed.

Monitoring Parameters

FEV1, FVC, and/or other pulmonary function tests; serum potassium, serum glucose; blood pressure, heart rate; CNS stimulation. Monitor for increased use of short-acting beta2-agonist inhalers; may be marker of a deteriorating condition.

Pregnancy Considerations

Adverse events were observed in some animal reproduction studies. Beta-agonists have the potential to affect uterine contractility if administered during labor.

Patient Education

What is this drug used for?

• It is used to treat COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).

• This drug is not to be used to treat intense flare-ups of shortness of breath. Use a rescue inhaler. Talk with the doctor.

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

• Common cold symptoms

• Diarrhea

• Back pain

• Joint pain

• Sore throat

• Stuffy nose

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

• High blood sugar like confusion, fatigue, increased thirst, increased hunger, passing a lot of urine, flushing, fast breathing, or breath that smells like fruit

• Low potassium like muscle pain or weakness, muscle cramps, or an abnormal heartbeat

• Urinary tract infection like blood in the urine, burning or painful urination, passing a lot of urine, fever, lower abdominal pain, or pelvic pain

• Chest pain

• Fast heartbeat

• Anxiety

• Severe headache

• Severe dizziness

• Passing out

• Vision changes

• Tremors

• Abnormal heartbeat

• Trouble breathing

• Wheezing

• Cough

• Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Note: This is not a comprehensive list of all side effects. Talk to your doctor if you have questions.

Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only the healthcare provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for a specific patient. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a limited summary of general information about the medicine's uses from the patient education leaflet and is not intended to be comprehensive. This limited summary does NOT include all information available about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and does not replace information you receive from the healthcare provider. For a more detailed summary of information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine, please speak with your healthcare provider and review the entire patient education leaflet.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.