What is Adderall XR?
Adderall XR are central nervous system stimulants that affect chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
Adderall XR may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Adderall XR side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Adderall XR may cause serious side effects. Call your doctor at once if you have:
signs of heart problems--chest pain, trouble breathing, feeling like you might pass out;
signs of psychosis--hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real), new behavior problems, aggression, hostility, paranoia;
signs of circulation problems--numbness, pain, cold feeling, unexplained wounds, or skin color changes (pale, red, or blue appearance) in your fingers or toes;
a seizure (convulsions);
muscle twitches (tics); or
changes in your vision.
Seek medical attention right away if you have symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such as: agitation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, shivering, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Long-term use of stimulant medicine can affect growth in children. Tell your doctor if your child is not growing at a normal rate while using Adderall XR.
Common side effects of Adderall XR may include:
stomach pain, nausea, loss of appetite;
mood changes, feeling nervous or irritable;
fast heart rate;
sleep problems (insomnia); or
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
This medicine is a drug of abuse. Tell your doctor if you have had problems with drug or alcohol abuse.
Stimulants have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in people with high blood pressure, heart disease, or a heart defect.
You may have blood circulation problems that can cause numbness, pain, or discoloration in your fingers or toes.
Call your doctor right away if you have: signs of heart problems--chest pain, feeling light-headed or short of breath; signs of psychosis--paranoia, aggression, new behavior problems, seeing or hearing things that are not real; signs of circulation problems--unexplained wounds on your fingers or toes.
You may not be able to use this medicine if you have glaucoma, overactive thyroid, severe agitation, moderate to severe high blood pressure, heart disease or coronary artery disease, or a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
Before taking this medicine
Do not use Adderall XR if you have taken an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.
You may not be able to use Adderall XR if you have:
an allergy to any stimulant medicine;
high blood pressure, heart disease, coronary artery disease (hardened arteries);
severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine can make these symptoms worse); or
a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
Be sure your doctor knows if you also take stimulant medicine, opioid medicine, herbal products, or medicine for depression, mental illness, Parkinson's disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or prevention of nausea and vomiting. These medicines may interact with Adderall XR and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome.
Stimulants have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in certain people. Tell your doctor if you have:
heart problems or a congenital heart defect;
high blood pressure; or
a family history of heart disease or sudden death.
To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has ever had:
depression, mental illness, bipolar disorder, psychosis, or suicidal thoughts or actions;
motor tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette's syndrome;
an abnormal brain wave test (EEG);
kidney disease; or
blood circulation problems in the hands or feet.
Taking this medicine during pregnancy can cause premature birth, low birth weight, or withdrawal symptoms in the newborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
You should not breast-feed while you are using this medicine.
How should I take Adderall XR?
Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.
Adderall XR may be habit-forming. Misuse can cause addiction, overdose, or death. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away this medicine is against the law.
You may take this medicine with or without food, first thing in the morning.
Swallow the extended-release capsule whole and do not crush, chew, break, or open it.
If you cannot swallow a capsule whole, open it and sprinkle the medicine into a spoonful of applesauce. Swallow the mixture right away without chewing. Do not save it for later use.
Adderall XR doses are based on weight (especially in children and teenagers). Your dose needs may change if you gain or lose weight.
While using this medicine, your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine.
Your dose needs may change if you switch to a different brand, strength, or form of this medicine. Avoid medication errors by using only the form and strength your doctor prescribes.
Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. Keep track of your medicine. You should be aware if anyone is using it improperly or without a prescription.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but not late in the day. Skip the missed dose if it is almost evening. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of Adderall XR could be fatal.
Overdose symptoms may include restlessness, tremor, muscle twitches, rapid breathing, confusion, hallucinations, panic, aggressiveness, muscle pain or weakness, and dark colored urine. These symptoms may be followed by depression and tiredness. Other overdose symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach pain, uneven heartbeats, feeling light-headed, fainting, seizure (convulsions), or coma.
What should I avoid while taking amphetamine and dextroamphetamine?
Do not share Adderall XR with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.
Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how this medicine will affect you. Your reactions could be impaired.
Avoid drinking fruit juices or taking vitamin C at the same time you take Adderall XR. These can make your body absorb less of the medicine.
What other drugs will affect Adderall XR?
Ask your doctor before using a stomach acid medicine (including Alka-Seltzer or sodium bicarbonate). Some of these medicines can change the way your body absorbs Adderall XR, and may increase side effects.
Tell your doctor about all your current medicines. Many drugs can affect Adderall XR, especially:
lithium or other medicine to treat depression or mental illness;
blood pressure medicine;
cold or allergy medicine that contains a decongestant;
opioid (narcotic) medicine; or
This list is not complete and many other drugs may affect Adderall XR. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.
When taken as prescribed, the effects of Adderall last for about 4 to 6 hours. The effects of Adderall XR last for up to 12 hours because this brand of Adderall is designed for slow and sustained release. Continue reading
Not all medications are suitable for crushing. Drugs that should not be crushed are those that are:
- Designed to be controlled release
- Coated for protection or taste
- Liquid-filled gel capsules
- Hazardous or irritants
- Intended for a small therapeutic window
Mydayis contains similar active ingredients as Adderall XR but is formulated to last up to 16 hours for the treatment of ADHD. Adderall XR lasts up to 12 hours, and is given once daily. Adderall XR capsules can be used in patients 6 years of age and older, while Mydayis capsules are used in patients 13 years and older. Adderall XR is now available in a generic option. Continue reading
No, Adzenys XR-ODT is the first extended-release orally disintegrating amphetamine tablet approved by the FDA after it was established that it was bioequivalent to Adderall XR (mixed amphetamine salts extended-release capsule). Adzenys XR-ODT is a patented formulation and not a generic of Adderall XR. Adzenys XR-ODT is a mixture of immediate-release and polymer-coated, delayed-release resin particles. Continue reading
It is difficult to say exactly how long Adderall withdrawal lasts because it depends on the person and the process is different for everyone. Some people’s withdrawal symptoms may resolve in as little as 5 days, others may still be experiencing symptoms 3 weeks later. People who have taken Adderall for a long time at a high dose should expect withdrawal symptoms to last longer. Continue reading
Adderall tongue is a common side effect of Adderall that can detrimentally and seriously affect a person’s quality of life. To help relieve Adderall tongue stay well-hydrated. Adderall and other ADHD medications can cause dehydration, so you need to drink at least 6 to 8 glasses of fluid per day. Take frequent sips of water rather than drinking a whole glass of water at once. Use artificial saliva products (such as sprays or lozenges) – these can help moisten the tissue and last longer than water. There are many different brands of these available over the counter at drug stores and they can be used multiple times a day. Chew sugar-free gum or suck on sugar-free candy – this contains xylitol which increases salivary flow and can help prevent dental decay. Avoid sucking candy that contains sugar because this will increase your risk of dental decay Continue reading
Originally intended as a medication for children with ADHD, Adderall has become something of a thing among older teens and young adults intent on increasing their focus and energy levels on exam days or during all-night study sessions. Continue reading
More about Adderall XR (amphetamine / dextroamphetamine)
- Check interactions
- Compare alternatives
- Pricing & coupons
- Reviews (231)
- Drug images
- Latest FDA alerts (5)
- Side effects
- Dosage information
- Patient tips
- During pregnancy
- Generic availability
- Support group
- Drug class: CNS stimulants
- En español
Related treatment guides
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Copyright 1996-2023 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 12.01.