Generic Name: amphetamine (am FET a meen)
Brand Names: Dyanavel XR
Medically reviewed by P. Thornton, DipPharm Last updated on Sep 4, 2019.
What is Dyanavel XR?
Dyanavel XR is an extended-release oral suspension used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Dyanavel XR may be habit-forming, and amphetamine is a drug of abuse. Tell your doctor if you have had problems with drug or alcohol abuse.
Stimulants have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in people with high blood pressure, heart disease, or a heart defect.
Do not use Dyanavel XR if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days, such as isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, or tranylcypromine.
Dyanavel XR may cause new or worsening psychosis (unusual thoughts or behavior), especially if you have a history of depression, mental illness, or bipolar disorder.
You may have blood circulation problems that can cause numbness, pain, or discoloration in your fingers or toes.
Call your doctor right away if you have: signs of heart problems - chest pain, feeling light-headed or short of breath; signs of psychosis - paranoia, aggression, new behavior problems, seeing or hearing things that are not real; signs of circulation problems - unexplained wounds on your fingers or toes.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use Dyanavel XR if you are allergic to any stimulant medicine, or if you have:
moderate to severe high blood pressure;
severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine can make these symptoms worse); or
a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
Do not use Dyanavel XR if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.
Some medicines can interact with amphetamine and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome. Be sure your doctor knows if you also take stimulant medicine, opioid medicine, herbal products, or medicine for depression, mental illness, Parkinson's disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or prevention of nausea and vomiting. These medicines may interact with amphetamine and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome.
Stimulants have caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in certain people. Tell your doctor if you have:
heart problems or a congenital heart defect;
high blood pressure; or
a family history of heart disease or sudden death.
To make sure Dyanavel XR is safe for you, tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has ever had:
depression, mental illness, bipolar disorder, psychosis, or suicidal thoughts or actions;
problems with drug or alcohol abuse;
motor tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette's syndrome;
a thyroid disorder;
seizures or epilepsy;
an abnormal brain wave test (EEG);
coronary artery disease (clogged arteries); or
blood circulation problems in the hands or feet.
Taking Dyanavel XR during pregnancy can cause premature birth, low birth weight, or withdrawal symptoms in the newborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Amphetamine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Dyanavel XR is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 years old.
How should I take Dyanavel XR?Using Dyanavel XR improperly can cause death or serious side effects on the heart.
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Amphetamine may be habit-forming. Misuse can cause addiction, overdose, or death. Never share Dyanavel XR with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away this medicine is against the law.
Take Dyanavel XR with or without food, once a day, first thing in the morning.
Read all patient information, medication guides, and instruction sheets provided to you. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
If your doctor changes your brand, strength, or type of stimulant medicine, your dosage needs may change. Use only the brand of this medicine your doctor has prescribed.
Shake the Dyanavel XR oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon (not a kitchen spoon) or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
While using Dyanavel XR, your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine.
Store Dyanavel XR at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.
Keep track of your Dyanavel XR. Amphetamine is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.
Do not keep leftover medication. Ask your pharmacist where to locate a drug take-back disposal program.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember, but not late in the day. Skip the missed dose if it is almost evening. Do not take extra Dyanavel XR to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of amphetamine could be fatal.
Overdose symptoms may include restlessness, tremor, muscle twitches, rapid breathing, hostility, violence, panic, muscle pain or weakness, and dark colored urine. These symptoms may be followed by depression and tiredness. Overdose may also cause seizure or coma.
What should I avoid while taking Dyanavel XR?
Avoid drinking alcohol while you are taking Dyanavel XR.
Avoid drinking fruit juices or taking vitamin C at the same time you take Dyanavel XR. These can make your body absorb less of the medicine.
This medicine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.
Dyanavel XR side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Dyanavel XR: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
signs of heart problems - chest pain, trouble breathing, feeling like you might pass out;
signs of psychosis - hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real), new behavior problems, aggression, hostility, paranoia;
signs of circulation problems - numbness, pain, cold feeling, unexplained wounds, or skin color changes (pale, red, or blue appearance) in your fingers or toes;
a seizure (convulsions);
muscle twitches (tics); or
changes in your vision.
Seek medical attention right away if you have symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such as: agitation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, shivering, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Amphetamine can affect growth in children. Tell your doctor if your child is not growing at a normal rate while using this medicine.
Common Dyanavel XR side effects may include:
stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation;
loss of appetite, weight loss;
mood changes, feeling restless or nervous, sleep problems (insomnia);
dry mouth, unusual or unpleasant taste in the mouth;
runny nose, nosebleeds;
increased heart rate;
impotence, sexual problems.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect Dyanavel XR?
Ask your doctor before using a stomach acid medicine (including Alka-Seltzer or sodium bicarbonate). Some of these medicines can change the way your body absorbs amphetamine, and may increase side effects.
Many drugs can interact with amphetamine. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Dyanavel XR only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Copyright 1996-2019 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 3.01.
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More about Dyanavel XR (amphetamine)
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Pricing & Coupons
- En Español
- 24 Reviews
- Drug class: CNS stimulants
- FDA Approval History