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Amlodipine / atorvastatin Disease Interactions

There are 9 disease interactions with amlodipine / atorvastatin:

Major

Ccbs (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Cardiogenic Shock/Hypotension

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Cardiogenic Shock, Hypotension

In general, calcium channel blockers (CCBs) should not be used in patients with hypotension (systolic pressure < 90 mm Hg) or cardiogenic shock. Due to potential negative inotropic and peripheral vasodilating effects, the use of CCBs may further depress cardiac output and blood pressure, which can be detrimental in these patients. The use of verapamil and diltiazem is specifically contraindicated under these circumstances.

References

  1. "Product Information. Calan (verapamil)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  2. Stehle G, Buss J, Eibach J, et al "Cardiogenic shock associated with verapamil in a patient with liver cirrhosis." Lancet 336 (1990): 1079
  3. "Product Information. Cardizem (diltiazem)." Hoechst Marion-Roussel Inc, Kansas City, MO.
  4. "Product Information. Vascor (bepridil)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  5. Kubota K, Pearce GL, Inman WHW "Vasodilation-related adverse events in diltiazem and dihydropyridine calcium antagonists studied by prescription-event monitoring." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 48 (1995): 1-7
  6. Pahor M, Manto A, Pedone C, Carosella L, Guralnik JM, Carbonin P "Age and severe adverse drug reactions caused by nifedipine and verapamil." J Clin Epidemiol 49 (1996): 921-8
View all 6 references
Major

Ccbs (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Coronary Artery Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Ischemic Heart Disease

Increased frequency, duration, and/or severity of angina, as well as acute myocardial infarction, have rarely developed during initiation or dosage increase of calcium channel blockers (CCBs), particularly in patients with severe obstructive coronary artery disease and those treated with immediate-release formulations. The mechanism of this effect is not established. Therapy with CCBs should be administered cautiously in patients with significant coronary artery disease.

References

  1. Myrhed M, Wiholm B-E "Nifedipine: a survey of adverse effects." Acta Pharmacol Toxicol (Copenh) 58 (1986): 133-6
  2. Thomassen AR, Bagger JP, Nielsen TT "Hemodynamic and cardiac metabolic changes during nicardipine-induced myocardial ischemia." Cathet Cardiovasc Diagn 14 (1988): 41-3
  3. Kloner RA "Nifedipine in ischemic heart disease." Circulation 92 (1995): 1074-8
  4. Manga P, Vythilingum "Unstable angina precipitated by nifedipine." S Afr Med J 66 (1984): 144
  5. Abernathy DR, Schwrtz JB "Calcium-antagonist drugs." N Engl J Med 341 (1999): 1447-57
  6. Oei SG, Oei SK, Brolmann HAM "Myocardial infarction during nifedipine therapy for preterm labor." N Engl J Med 340 (1999): 154
  7. Furberg CD, Psaty BM, Meyer JV "Nifedipine: dose-related increase in mortality in patients with coronary heart disease." Circulation 92 (1995): 1326-31
  8. "Product Information. Cardene (nicardipine)." Syntex Laboratories Inc, Palo Alto, CA.
  9. Lambert CR, Hill JA, Feldman RL, Pepine CJ "Myocardial ischemia during intravenous nicardipine administration." Am J Cardiol 55 (1985): 844-5
  10. Schanzenbacher P, Deeg P, Liebau G, Kochsiek K "Paradoxical angina after nifedipine: angiographic documentation." Am J Cardiol 53 (1984): 345-6
  11. "Product Information. Norvasc (amlodipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  12. Sia STB, MacDonald PS, Triester B, et al "Aggravation of myocardial ischaemia by nifedipine." Med J Aust 142 (1985): 48-50
  13. "Product Information. Procardia (nifedipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  14. "Product Information. Sular (nisoldipine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  15. Yusuf S "Calcium antagonists in coronary artery disease and hypertension: time for reevaluation?" Circulation 92 (1995): 1079-82
View all 15 references
Major

Ccbs (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are extensively metabolized by the liver. The half-lives of CCBs may be prolonged substantially in patients with severe hepatic impairment, with the potential for significant drug accumulation. In addition, the use of some CCBs has been associated with elevations in serum transaminases, both with and without concomitant elevations in alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin. While these effects may be transient and reversible, several patients have developed cholestasis or hepatocellular injury that was proven by rechallenge. Therapy with CCBs should be administered cautiously and often at reduced dosages in patients with significantly impaired hepatic function. Periodic monitoring of liver function and for excessive pharmacologic effects (e.g., abnormal prolongation of PR interval) is advised, and the dosage adjusted if necessary.

References

  1. Stern EH, Pitchon R, King BD, Wiener I "Possible hepatitis from verapamil." N Engl J Med 306 (1982): 612-3
  2. Giacomini KM, Massoud N, Wong FM, Giacomini JC "Decreased binding of verapamil to plasma proteins in patients with liver disease." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 6 (1984): 924-8
  3. "Product Information. Calan (verapamil)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  4. "Product Information. Procardia (nifedipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  5. Regardh CG, Edgar B, Olsson R, Kendall M, Collste P, Shansky C "Pharmacokinetics of felodipine in patients with liver disease." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1989): 473-9
  6. Cotting J, Reichen J, Kutz K, Laplanche R, Nuesch E "Pharmacokinetics of isradipine in patients with chronic liver disease." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 38 (1990): 599-603
  7. Graham D, Dow R, Hall D, Alexander O, Mroszczak E, Freedman A "The metabolism and pharmacokinetics of nicardipine hydrochloride in man." Br J Clin Pharmacol 20 (1985): s23-8
  8. Elliott HL, Meredith PA "The clinical consequences of the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of amlodipine." Postgrad Med J 67 (1991): s20-3
  9. "Product Information. Plendil (felodipine)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  10. Scherling D, Karl W, Ahr G, Ahr HJ, Wehinger E "Pharmacokinetics of nisoldipine. III. Biotransformation of nisoldipine in rat, dog, monkey, and man." Arzneimittelforschung 38 (1988): 1105-10
  11. Rush WR, Alexander O, Hall DJ, Cairncross L, Dow RJ, Graham DJ "The metabolism of nicardipine hydrochloride in healthy male volunteers." Xenobiotica 16 (1986): 341-9
  12. Kurosawa S, Kurosawa N, Owada E, et al "Pharmacokinetics of diltiazem in patients with liver cirrhosis." Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 10 (1990): 311-8
  13. McAllister RG Jr, Hamann SR, Blouin RA "Pharmacokinetics of calcium-entry blockers." Am J Cardiol 55 (1985): b30-40
  14. Woodcock BG, Rietbrock N "Verapamil bioavailability and dosage in liver disease." Br J Clin Pharmacol 13 (1982): 240-1
  15. Kumar KL, Colley CA "Verapamil-induced hepatotoxicity." West J Med 160 (1994): 485-6
  16. "Product Information. Cardizem (diltiazem)." Hoechst Marion-Roussel Inc, Kansas City, MO.
  17. Traverse JH, Swenson LJ, Mcbride JW "Acute hepatic injury after treatment with diltiazem." Am Heart J 127 (1994): 1636-9
  18. Kleinbloesem CH, van Harten J, Wilson JP, et al "Nifedipine: kinetics and hemodynamic effects in patients with liver cirrhosis after intravenous and oral administration." Clin Pharmacol Ther 40 (1986): 21-8
  19. Dunselman PH, Edgar B "Felodipine clinical pharmacokinetics." Clin Pharmacokinet 21 (1991): 418-30
  20. Guarascio P, D'Amato C, Sette P, et al "Liver damage from verapamil." Br Med J 288 (1984): 362-3
  21. Kates RE "Calcium antagonists: pharmacokinetic properties." Drugs 25 (1983): 113-24
  22. Babany G, Uzzan F, Larrey D, et al "Alcoholic-like liver lesions induced by nifedipine." J Hepatol 9 (1989): 252-5
  23. Ramsch KD, Graefe KH, Scherling D, et al "Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of calcium-blocking agents nifedipine, nitrendipine, and nimodipine." Am J Nephrol 6 (1986): 73-80
  24. "Product Information. DynaCirc (isradipine)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  25. "Product Information. Norvasc (amlodipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
  26. Razak TA, McNeil JJ, Sewell RB, Drummer OH, Smallwood RA, Conway EL, Louis WJ "The effect of hepatic cirrhosis on the pharmacokinetics and blood pressure response to nicardipine." Clin Pharmacol Ther 47 (1990): 463-9
  27. "Product Information. Sular (nisoldipine)." Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  28. Stehle G, Buss J, Eibach J, et al "Cardiogenic shock associated with verapamil in a patient with liver cirrhosis." Lancet 336 (1990): 1079
  29. "Product Information. Cardene (nicardipine)." Syntex Laboratories Inc, Palo Alto, CA.
  30. Colombo G, Zucchella G, Planca E, Grieco A "Intravenous diltiazem in the treatment of unstable angina: a study of efficacy and tolerance." Clin Ther 9 (1987): 536-47
  31. Hare DL, Horowitz JD "Verapamil hepatotoxicity: a hypersensitivity reaction." Am Heart J 111 (1986): 610-11
  32. Stopher DA, Beresford AP, Macrae PV, Humphrey MJ "The metabolism and pharmacokinetics of amlodipine in humans and animals." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 12 (1988): s55-9
  33. Brodsky SJ, Cutler SS, Weiner DA, Klein MD "Hepatotoxicity due to treatment with verapamil." Ann Intern Med 94 (1981): 490-1
  34. "Product Information. Nimotop (nimodipine)." Bayer, West Haven, CT.
  35. "Product Information. Vascor (bepridil)." McNeil Pharmaceutical, Raritan, NJ.
  36. Benet LZ "Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of bepridil." Am J Cardiol 55 (1985): c8-13
  37. Saracheck NS, London RL, Matulewicz TJ, et al "Diltiazem and granulomatous hepatitis." Gastroenterology 88 (1985): 1260-2
  38. Dow RJ, Graham DJM "A reveiw of the human metabolism and pharmacokinetics of nicardipine hydrochloride." Br J Clin Pharmacol 22 (1986): s195-202
  39. Abramson M, Littlejohn GO "Hepatic reactions to nifedipine." Med J Aust 142 (1985): 47-8
  40. Somogyi A, Albrecht M, Kliems G, et al "Pharmacokinetics, bioavailability and ECG response of verapamil in patients with liver cirrhosis." Br J Clin Pharmacol 12 (1981): 51-60
  41. Toner M, White A, Moriarty J, Clancy L "Allergic urticarial eruption, leukocytosis and abnormal liver function tests following nifedipine administration." Chest 93 (1988): 1320-1
  42. Raemsch KD, Sommer J "Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of nifedipine." Hypertension 5 (1983): 18-24
  43. Gengo FM, Fagan SC, Krol G, Bernhard H "Nimodipine disposition and haemodynamic effects in patients with cirrhosis and age-matched controls." Br J Clin Pharmacol 23 (1987): 47-53
  44. Shallcross H, Padley SP, Glynn MJ, Gibbs DD "Fatal renal and hepatic toxicity after treatment with diltiazem." Br Med J 295 (1987): 1256-7
  45. Toft E, Vyberg M, Therkelsen K "Diltiazem-induced granulomatous hepatitis." Histopathology 18 (1991): 474-5
  46. Meredith P, Elliott H "Clinical pharmacokinetics of amlodipine." Clin Pharmacokinet 22 (1992): 22-31
  47. Challenor VF, Waller DG, Renwick AG, et al "The trans-hepatic extraction of nifedipine." Br J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1987): 473-7
  48. Abernathy DR, Schwrtz JB "Calcium-antagonist drugs." N Engl J Med 341 (1999): 1447-57
  49. Tse FL, Jaffe JM "Pharmacokinetics of PN 200-110 (isradipine), a new calcium antagonist, after oral administration in man." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 32 (1987): 361-5
  50. Finucci GF, Padrini R, Piovan D, et al "Verapamil pharmacokinetics and liver function in patients with cirrhosis." Int J Clin Pharmacol Res 8 (1988): 123-6
  51. Woodcock BG, Rietbrock I, Vohringer HF, Rietbrock N "Verapamil disposition in liver disease and intensive-care patients: kinetics, clearance, and apparent blood flow relationships." Clin Pharmacol Ther 29 (1981): 27-34
  52. Johnson KE, Balderston SM, Pieper JA, Mann DE, Reiter MJ "Electrophysiologic effects of verapamil metabolites in the isolated heart." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 17 (1991): 830-7
  53. Echizen H, Eichelbaum M "Clinical pharmacokinetics of verapamil, nifedipine and diltiazem." Clin Pharmacokinet 11 (1986): 425-49
View all 53 references
Major

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Liver Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Liver Disease, Alcoholism

The use of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors is contraindicated in patients with active liver disease or unexplained, persistent elevations of serum transaminases. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors are extensively metabolized by the liver. Decreased drug metabolism may lead to accumulation and increased risk of toxicity, including biochemical abnormalities of liver function and, rarely, jaundice, hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty change in the liver, and fulminant hepatic necrosis. Therapy with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors should be administered cautiously in patients with a history of liver disease and/or heavy alcohol use. A lower initial dosage may be appropriate, and clinical monitoring of liver transaminase levels according to the individual product package labeling is recommended. Patients who develop elevated ALT or AST levels during therapy should be monitored until abnormalities resolve. If an increase above 3 times the upper limit of normal persists, consideration should be given to a reduction in dosage or withdrawal of therapy.

References

  1. Mauro VF "Clinical pharmacokinetics and practical applications of simvastatin." Clin Pharmacokinet 24 (1993): 195-202
  2. "Lovastatin 5-year safety and efficacy study. Lovastatin Study Groups I through IV." Arch Intern Med 153 (1993): 1079-87
  3. Pan HY, Morrison RA, Singhvi SM, Frantz BM, Waclawski AP, Willard DA "Disposition of pravastatin sodium (SQ 31,000), a tissue-selective HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, in healthy subjects." Clin Res 36 (1988): a368
  4. Smit JWA, Wijnne HJA, Schobben F, Sitsen A, Debruin TWA, Erkelens DW "Effects of alcohol consumption on pharmacokinetics, efficacy, and safety of fluvastatin." Am J Cardiol 76 (1995): a89-96
  5. Pentikainen PJ, Saraheimo M, Schwartz JI, Amin RD, Schwartz MS, Brunner-Ferber F, Rogers JD "Comparative pharmacokinetics of lovastatin, simvastatin and pravastatin in humans." J Clin Pharmacol 32 (1992): 136-40
  6. "Product Information. Pravachol (pravastatin)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  7. Grimbert S, Pessayre D, Degott C, Benhamou JP "Acute hepatitis induced by HMG-coa reductase inhibitor, lovastatin." Dig Dis Sci 39 (1994): 2032-3
  8. Smit JW, Wijnne HJ, Schobben F, Sitsen A, Debruin TW, Erkelens DW "Effects of alcohol and fluvastatin on lipid metabolism and hepatic function." Ann Intern Med 122 (1995): 678-80
  9. Quion JAV, Jones PH "Clinical pharmacokinetics of pravastatin." Clin Pharmacokinet 27 (1994): 94-103
  10. Cilla DD Jr, Gibson DM, Whitfield LR, Sedman AJ "Pharmacodynamic effects and pharmacokinetics of atorvastatin after administration to normocholesterolemic subjects in the morning an evening." J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1996): 604-9
  11. "Product Information. Lipitor (atorvastatin)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  12. Davidson MH, on behalf of the FLUENT Investigators Group "Fluvastatin long-term extension trial (FLUENT): summary of efficacy and safety." Am J Med 96 Suppl (1994): 96 (suppl)
  13. "Product Information. Lescol (fluvastatin)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  14. Halpin RA, Ulm EH, Till AE, Kari PH, Vyas KP, Hunninghake DB, Duggan DE "Biotransformation of lovastatin .5. species differences in invivo metabolite profiles of mouse, rat, dog, and human." Drug Metab Dispos 21 (1993): 1003-11
  15. Pan HY, DeValut AR, Wang-Iverson D, et al "Comparative pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of pravastatin and lovastatin." J Clin Pharmacol 30 (1990): 1128-35
  16. Duggan DE, Chen IW, Bayne WF, Halpin RA, Duncan CA, Schwartz MS, Stubbs RJ, Vickers S "The physiological disposition of lovastatin." Drug Metab Dispos 17 (1989): 166-73
  17. "Product Information. Mevacor (lovastatin)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  18. Arnon R, Eisenberg S "Lovastatin-induced hepatitis." Isr J Med Sci 28 (1992): 101-2
  19. Walker JF "Simvastatin: the clinical profile." Am J Med 87 (1989): s44-6
  20. "Product Information. Zocor (simvastatin)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  21. Bakker-Arkema RG, Davidson MH, Goldstein RJ, Davignon J, Isaacsohn JL, Weiss SR, Keilson LM, Brown WV, Miller VT, Shurzinske LJ, Black DM "Efficacy and safety of a new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, atorvastatin, in patients with hypertriglyceridemia." JAMA 275 (1996): 128-33
  22. Nakad A, Bataille L, Hamoir V, Sempoux C, Horsmans Y "Atorvastatin-induced acute hepatitis with absence of cross-toxicity with simvastatin." Lancet 353 (1999): 1763-4
  23. "Product Information. Baycol (cerivastatin)." Bayer, West Haven, CT.
  24. Jokubaitis LA "Updated clinical safety experience with fluvastatin." Am J Cardiol 73 (1994): d18-24
  25. Boberg M, Angerbauer R, Fey P, Kanhai WK, Karl W, Kern A, Ploschke J, Radtke M "Metabolism of cerivastatin by human liver microsomes in vitro. Characterization of primary metabolic pathways and of cytochrome P45 isozymes involved." Drug Metab Dispos 25 (1997): 321-31
  26. Cilla DD Jr, Whitfield LR, Gibson DM, Sedman AJ, Posvar EL "Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of atorvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, in healthy subjects." Clin Pharmacol Ther 60 (1996): 687-95
  27. McGovern ME, Mellies MJ "Long-term experience with pravastatin in clinical research trials." Clin Ther 15 (1993): 57-64
  28. Lea AP, McTavish D "Atorvastatin. A review of its pharmacology and therapeutic potential in the management of hyperlipidaemias." Drugs 53 (1997): 828-47
  29. Mauro VF, MacDonald JL "Simvastatin: a review of its pharmacology and clinical use." DICP 25 (1991): 257-64
  30. Geddes JA "Cholestatic jaundice associated with lovastatin (mevacor) therapy." Can Med Assoc J 143 (1990): 13-4
  31. Simons LA "Simvastatin in severe primary hypercholesterolemia: efficacy, safety, and tolerability in 595 patients over 18 weeks. The Principal Investigators." Clin Cardiol 16 (1993): 317-22
  32. McQueen MJ "Cholestatic jaundice associated with lovastatin (Mevacor) therapy." Can Med Assoc J 142 (1990): 841-2
  33. Hartleb M, Rymarczyk G, Januszewski K "Acute cholestatic hepatitis associated with pravastatin." Am J Gastroenterol 94 (1999): 1388-90
  34. Everett DW, Chando TJ, Didonato GC, Singhvi SM, Pan HY, Weinstein SH "Biotransformation of pravastatin sodium in humans." Drug Metab Dispos 19 (1991): 740-8
  35. Levy RI, Troendle AJ, Fattu JM "A quarter century of drug treatment of dyslipoproteinemia, with a focus on the new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor fluvastatin." Circulation 87 (1993): i45-53
  36. Posvar EL, Radulovic LL, Cilla DD Jr, Whitfield LR, Sedman AJ "Tolerance and pharmacokinetics of single-dose atorvastatin, a potent inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, in healthy subjects." J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1996): 728-31
  37. Bilheimer DW "Long-term clinical tolerance of lovastatin and simvastatin." Cardiology 77 (1990): 58-65
  38. Muck W, Unger S, Kawano K, Ahr G "Inter-ethnic comparisons of the pharmacokinetics of the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor cerivastatin." Br J Clin Pharmacol 45 (1998): 583-90
  39. Tse FL, Jaffe JM, Troendle A "Pharmacokinetics of fluvastatin after single and multiple doses in normal volunteers." J Clin Pharmacol 32 (1992): 630-8
  40. Dain JG, Fu E, Gorski J, Nicoletti J, Scallen TJ "Biotransformation of fluvastatin sodium in humans." Drug Metab Dispos 21 (1993): 567-72
  41. Lennernas H, Fager G "Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Similarities and differences." Clin Pharmacokinet 32 (1997): 403-25
View all 41 references
Major

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Rhabdomyolysis

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Myopathy, Myoneural Disorder, Hypothyroidism, Renal Dysfunction

Severe myopathy, including rhabdomyolysis with acute renal failure secondary to myoglobinuria, has been reported rarely with the use of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. The myopathy may be dose-related and is characterized by muscle aches and/or weakness in conjunction with increases in creatine phosphokinase (CPK) values exceeding 10 times the upper limit of normal. Therapy with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting myopathy, in those with predisposing factors for myopathy or with a history of myoneural disorder, since it may delay the recognition or confound the diagnosis of a drug-induced musculoskeletal effect. Patients should be advised to report promptly any unusual muscle pain, tenderness or weakness, particularly if accompanied by malaise or fever. Periodic CPK determinations may be considered in some patients, although the value of such monitoring is uncertain. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor therapy should be withdrawn if markedly elevated CPK levels occur or if drug-related myopathy is diagnosed or suspected.

References

  1. Norman DJ, Illingworth DR, Munson J, Hosenpud J "Myolysis and acute renal failure in a heart-transplant recipient receiving lovastatin." N Engl J Med 318 (1988): 46-7
  2. van Puijenbroek EP, Du Buf-Vereijken PW, Spooren PF, van Doormaal JJ "Possible increased risk of rhabdomyolysis during concomitant use of simvastatin and gemfibrozil." J Intern Med 240 (1996): 403-4
  3. Vanpuijenbroek EP, Dubufvereijken PWG, Spooren PFMJ, Vandoormaal JJ "Possible increased risk of rhabdomyolysis during concomitant use of simvastatin and gemfibrozil." J Intern Med 240 (1996): 403-4
  4. "Product Information. Zocor (simvastatin)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  5. Ahmand S "Lovastatin-induced myopathy in a hypothyroid patient." J Fam Pract 41 (1995): 227-8
  6. Walker JF "Simvastatin: the clinical profile." Am J Med 87 (1989): s44-6
  7. Pierce LR, Wysowski DK, Gross TP "Myopathy and rhabdomyolysis associated with lovastatin-gemfibrozil combination therapy." JAMA 264 (1990): 71-5
  8. "Lovastatin 5-year safety and efficacy study. Lovastatin Study Groups I through IV." Arch Intern Med 153 (1993): 1079-87
  9. Wallace CS, Mueller BA "Lovastatin-induced rhabdomyolysis in the absence of concomitant drugs." Ann Pharmacother 26 (1992): 190-2
  10. "Product Information. Baycol (cerivastatin)." Bayer, West Haven, CT.
  11. Corpier CL, Jones PH, Suki WN, et al. "Rhabdomyolysis and renal injury with lovastatin use. Report of two cases in cardiac transplant recipients." JAMA 260 (1988): 239-41
  12. Grunden JW, Fisher KA "Lovastatin-induced rhabdomyolysis possibly associated with clarithromycin and azithromycin." Ann Pharmacother 31 (1997): 859-63
  13. Simons LA "Simvastatin in severe primary hypercholesterolemia: efficacy, safety, and tolerability in 595 patients over 18 weeks. The Principal Investigators." Clin Cardiol 16 (1993): 317-22
  14. Pedersen TR, Berg K, Cook TJ, Faergeman O, Haghfelt T, Kjekshus J, Miettinen T, Musliner TA, Olsson AG, Pyorala K, Thorgeirsso "Safety and tolerability of cholesterol lowering with simvastatin during 5 years in the scandinavian simvastatin survival study." Arch Intern Med 156 (1996): 2085-92
  15. "Product Information. Lipitor (atorvastatin)." Parke-Davis, Morris Plains, NJ.
  16. Schalke BB, Schmidt B, Toyka K, Hartung H-P "Pravastatin-associated inflammatory myopathy." N Engl J Med 327 (1992): 649-50
  17. Chariot P, Abadia R, Agnus D, Danan C, Charpentier C, Gherardi RK "Simvastatin-induced rhabdomyolysis followed by a MELAS syndrome." Am J Med 94 (1993): 109-10
  18. Fernandezzatarain G, Navarro V, Garcia H, Villatoro J, Calvo C "Rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure associated with lovastatin." Nephron 66 (1994): 483-4
  19. McDonagh J, Winocour P, Walker DJ "Musculoskeletal manifestations during simvastatin therapy." Br J Rheumatol 32 (1993): 647-8
  20. "Product Information. Pravachol (pravastatin)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  21. Pogson GW, Kindred LH, Carper BG "Rhabdomyolysis and renal failure associated with cerivastatin-gemfibrozil combination therapy." Am J Cardiol 83 (1999): 1146
  22. Reaven P, Witztum JL "Lovastatin, nicotinic acid, and rhabdomyolysis." Ann Intern Med 109 (1988): 597-8
  23. Levy RI, Troendle AJ, Fattu JM "A quarter century of drug treatment of dyslipoproteinemia, with a focus on the new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor fluvastatin." Circulation 87 (1993): i45-53
  24. Bakker-Arkema RG, Davidson MH, Goldstein RJ, Davignon J, Isaacsohn JL, Weiss SR, Keilson LM, Brown WV, Miller VT, Shurzinske LJ, Black DM "Efficacy and safety of a new HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, atorvastatin, in patients with hypertriglyceridemia." JAMA 275 (1996): 128-33
  25. Iliadis EA, Rosenson RS "Long-term safety of pravastatin-gemfibrozil therapy in mixed hyperlipidemia." Clin Cardiol 22 (1999): 25-8
  26. Alvarez JM, Rawdanowiz TJ, Goldstein J "Rhadbdomyolysis after coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient receiving simvastatin." J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 116 (1998): 654-5
  27. Lees RS, Lees AM "Rhabdomyolysis from the coadministration of lovastatin and the antifungal agent itraconazole." N Engl J Med 333 (1995): 664-5
  28. Bilheimer DW "Long-term clinical tolerance of lovastatin and simvastatin." Cardiology 77 (1990): 58-65
  29. Jokubaitis LA "Updated clinical safety experience with fluvastatin." Am J Cardiol 73 (1994): d18-24
  30. McGovern ME, Mellies MJ "Long-term experience with pravastatin in clinical research trials." Clin Ther 15 (1993): 57-64
  31. "Product Information. Lescol (fluvastatin)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  32. East C, Alivizatos PA, Grundy SM, Jones PH, Farmer JA "Rhabdomyolysis in patients receiving lovastatin after cardiac transplantation." N Engl J Med 318 (1988): 47-8
  33. "Product Information. Mevacor (lovastatin)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
View all 33 references
Moderate

Ccbs (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Chf/Ami

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Congestive Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction

Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) may have varying degrees of negative inotropic effect. Congestive heart failure (CHF), worsening of CHF, and pulmonary edema have occurred in some patients treated with a CCB, primarily verapamil. Some CCBs have also caused mild to moderate peripheral edema due to localized vasodilation of dependent arterioles and small blood vessels, which can be confused with the effects of increasing left ventricular dysfunction. Although some CCBs have been used in the treatment of CHF, therapy with CCBs should be administered cautiously in patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction (e.g., ejection fraction < 30%) or moderate to severe symptoms of cardiac failure and in patients with any degree of ventricular dysfunction if they are receiving a beta-adrenergic blocker. Likewise, caution is advised in patients with acute myocardial infarction and pulmonary congestion documented by X-ray on admission, since associated heart failure may be acutely worsened by administration of a CCB.

References

  1. Sleight P "Calcium antagonists during and after myocardial infarction." Drugs 51 (1996): 216-25
  2. Batlouni M, Armaganijan D, Ghorayeb N, Magliano MF "Clinical efficacy and tolerability of isradipine in the treatment of mild-to-moderate hypertension in young and elderly patients." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 19 (1992): s53-7
  3. Brogden RN, Sorkin EM "Isradipine: an update of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties and therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension." Drugs 49 (1995): 618-49
  4. "Product Information. Procardia (nifedipine)." Pfizer US Pharmaceuticals, New York, NY.
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Moderate

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Cognitive Impairment

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: CNS Disorder

Cognitive impairment (e.g., memory loss, forgetfulness, amnesia, memory impairment, confusion) have been observed in patients receiving statins. The reports are usually not serious, and reversible upon statin discontinuation. Caution is recommended when using these agents in patients with cognitive impairment.

Moderate

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Diabetes

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Mellitus

Increases in HbA1c and fasting serum glucose levels have been reported with the use of certain HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors. Caution should be exercised when using these agents in diabetic patients and close monitoring is recommended.

Moderate

Hmg-Coa Reductase Inhibitors (Includes Amlodipine/atorvastatin) ↔ Renal Disease

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Some HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors such as fluvastatin, have not been studied in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease. Some others such as pitavastatin and simvastatin, require a dose reduction when used in this group of patients. Caution and close monitoring is advised when using these drugs in patients with renal impairment.

amlodipine / atorvastatin drug Interactions

There are 820 drug interactions with amlodipine / atorvastatin

amlodipine / atorvastatin alcohol/food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food interactions with amlodipine / atorvastatin

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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