Generic name: esomeprazole (es-oh-MEP-ra-zole SOE-dee-um)
Drug class: Proton pump inhibitors
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 31, 2021.
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- NexIUM I.V.
Available Dosage Forms:
- Powder for Solution
Therapeutic Class: Gastric Acid Secretion Inhibitor
Pharmacologic Class: Esomeprazole
Uses for esomeprazole
Esomeprazole injection is used to treat conditions where there is too much acid in the stomach. It is used for the short-term treatment (up to 10 days) of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with erosive esophagitis in adults and children 1 month of age and older. GERD is a condition where the acid in the stomach washes back up into the esophagus. Esomeprazole is also used to lower the risk of rebleeding in patients with acute gastric or duodenal ulcer after endoscopy.
Esomeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It works by decreasing the amount of acid that is produced by the stomach.
Esomeprazole is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.
Before using esomeprazole
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For esomeprazole, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to esomeprazole or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of esomeprazole injection in children 1 month of age and older. However, safety and efficacy have not been established in children younger than 1 month of age.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of esomeprazole injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more sensitive to the effects of esomeprazole than younger adults.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving esomeprazole, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using esomeprazole with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
Using esomeprazole with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Eslicarbazepine Acetate
- Mycophenolate Mofetil
- Secretin Human
Using esomeprazole with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Interactions with food/tobacco/alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using esomeprazole with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use esomeprazole, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other medical problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of esomeprazole. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Diarrhea or
- Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood), history of or
- Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) or
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Liver disease, severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper use of esomeprazole
A nurse or other trained health professional will give you or your child esomeprazole in a medical facility. It is given through a needle placed into one of your veins.
It may take several days before esomeprazole begins to relieve stomach pain. To help relieve this pain, antacids may be taken with esomeprazole, unless your doctor has told you not to use them.
Your doctor will give you a few doses of esomeprazole until your condition improves, and then switch you to an oral medicine that works the same way. If you have any concerns about this, talk to your doctor.
Precautions while using esomeprazole
It is very important that your doctor check your or your child's progress at regular visits. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects. If your or your child's condition does not improve, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.
Do not use esomeprazole if you are also using it together with rilpivirine (Edurant®) or other products containing rilpivirine (eg, Complera®, Juluca®, Odefsey®). Using these medicines together may cause serious side effects.
Esomeprazole may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis and angioedema, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, trouble breathing or swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are receiving esomeprazole.
Check with your doctor right away if you have a change in frequency of urination or amount of urine, blood in the urine, fever, joint pain, loss of appetite, nausea, skin rash, swelling of the body, feet, or ankles, unusual tiredness or weakness, or unusual weight gain after receiving esomeprazole. These could be symptoms of serious kidney problem called acute tubulointerstitial nephritis.
Check with your doctor right away if you have watery diarrhea that does not go away, stomach pain, and fever while receiving esomeprazole.
Esomeprazole injection may increase your risk of having fractures of the hip, wrist, and spine. This is more likely if you are 50 years of age and older, if you receive high doses of esomeprazole, or receive it for one year or more. Call your doctor right away if you have severe bone pain or are unable to walk or sit normally.
Cutaneous or systemic lupus erythematosus may occur or get worse in lupus patients receiving a PPI. Call your doctor right away if you or your child have joint pain or a skin rash on your cheeks or arms that gets worse when exposed to the sun.
Esomeprazole may cause hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood). This is more likely to occur if you are using esomeprazole for more than 1 year, or if you are using it together with digoxin (Lanoxin®) or certain diuretics (water pills). Check with your doctor right away if you have convulsions (seizures), a fast, racing, or uneven heartbeat, muscle spasms (tetany), tremors, or unusual tiredness or weakness.
Esomeprazole may increase your risk for fundic gland polyps (abnormal tissue growth in the upper part of your stomach). This is more likely if you are receiving esomeprazole for more than 1 year. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns.
Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you or your child are using esomeprazole. Esomeprazole may affect the results of certain medical tests.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription (eg, atazanavir, clopidogrel, Plavix®, Reyataz®) or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal (eg, St. John's wort) or vitamin supplements.
Esomeprazole side effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:
- Bloody, black, or tarry stools
- vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
- loss of appetite
- mood or mental changes
- muscle spasms (tetany) or twitching
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Incidence not known
- back pain
- blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
- bloody or cloudy urine
- blurred vision
- bone fracture
- chest pain or tightness
- darkened urine
- difficulty breathing
- difficulty with swallowing
- fast heartbeat
- fever with or without chills
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- general feeling of tiredness or weakness
- greatly decreased frequency of urination or amount of urine
- high fever
- joint or muscle pain
- light-colored stools
- loss of consciousness
- lower back or side pain
- noisy breathing
- painful or difficult urination
- pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
- pale skin
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- red skin lesions, often with a purple center
- red, irritated eyes
- skin rash, hives, or itching
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
- stiff neck
- stomach cramps
- stomach pain, continuing
- swelling of the feet or lower legs
- swelling or inflammation of the mouth
- swollen glands
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- upper right stomach pain
- watery or bloody diarrhea
- yellow eyes or skin
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
- stomach discomfort or upset
- Burning, itching, redness, skin rash, swelling, or soreness at the injection site
- difficulty having a bowel movement
- dryness of the mouth
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
- sensation of spinning
- stuffy or runny nose
Incidence not known
- bad unusual or unpleasant (after) taste
- change in taste
- difficulty in moving
- feeling sad or empty
- joint swelling
- loss of interest or pleasure
- muscle ache, cramps, or stiffness
- muscular weakness
- seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
- swelling of the breasts or breast soreness in both females and males
- thinning or loss of hair
- trouble concentrating
- trouble sleeping
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Frequently asked questions
More about esomeprazole
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Patient Tips
- Drug Images
- Drug Interactions
- Pricing & Coupons
- 228 Reviews
- Drug class: proton pump inhibitors
- Patient Information
- Esomeprazole injection
- Esomeprazole (Advanced Reading)
- Esomeprazole strontium (Advanced Reading)
- Esomeprazole Delayed-Release Tablets
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