Generic Name: rabeprazole (ra-BEP-ra-zole)
Brand Name: Aciphex
Rabeprazole is used for:
Treating heartburn or irritation of the esophagus caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It may be used for short-term treatment of ulcers of the small intestine. It may be used with certain antibiotics to treat ulcers of the small intestine and to help prevent them from coming back. It may be used to treat conditions that cause your body to make too much stomach acid (eg, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome). It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Rabeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor. It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
Do NOT use rabeprazole if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in rabeprazole or to similar medicines (eg, omeprazole)
- you are taking atazanavir, dasatinib, erlotinib, or rilpivirine
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using rabeprazole:
Some medical conditions may interact with rabeprazole. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have low blood potassium or magnesium levels, liver problems, or stomach or bowel cancer
- if you have osteoporosis (weak bones), a family history of osteoporosis, or other risk factors of osteoporosis (eg, smoking, poor nutrition)
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with rabeprazole. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Diuretics (eg, furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide) because the risk of low blood magnesium levels may be increased
- Anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), cyclosporine, diazepam, digoxin, methotrexate, phenytoin, raltegravir, risedronate, saquinavir, theophylline, or tolterodine because the risk of their side effects may be increased by rabeprazole
- Atazanavir, bosutinib, clopidogrel, dasatinib, erlotinib, indinavir, iron, itraconazole, ketoconazole, mycophenolate, nelfinavir, nilotinib, posaconazole, rilpivirine, or sorafenib because their effectiveness may be decreased by rabeprazole
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if rabeprazole may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use rabeprazole:
Use rabeprazole as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Rabeprazole comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get rabeprazole refilled.
- Take rabeprazole by mouth with or without food.
- Swallow rabeprazole whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
- Tell your doctor if you cannot swallow tablets whole. You may need a different medicine.
- You may take antacids while you are taking rabeprazole if you are directed to do so by your doctor.
- Continue to take rabeprazole even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- If you miss a dose of rabeprazole, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use rabeprazole.
Important safety information:
- Contact your doctor if you have any symptoms of a bleeding ulcer, such as black, tarry stools or vomit that looks like coffee grounds, or if you experience throat pain, chest pain, severe stomach pain, or trouble swallowing.
- Do NOT change your dose, stop taking rabeprazole, or take rabeprazole for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- Rabeprazole may increase the risk of a serious form of diarrhea. Contact your doctor right away if stomach pain or cramps, severe or persistent diarrhea, or bloody or watery stools occur. Discuss any questions or concerns with your doctor.
- Rabeprazole may increase the risk of hip, wrist, and spine fractures in patients with weak bones (osteoporosis). The risk may be greater if you use rabeprazole in high doses, for long periods of time, or if you are older than 50 years old. Contact your doctor if you have any questions about this information.
- Low blood magnesium levels have been reported rarely in patients taking proton pump inhibitors for at least 3 months. In most cases, this effect was seen after a year of treatment. If you will be taking rabeprazole for a long time, or if you take certain other medicines (eg, digoxin, diuretics), your doctor may perform lab tests to check for low blood magnesium levels. Seek medical attention right away if you experience symptoms of low blood magnesium levels (eg, dizziness; fast or irregular heartbeat; involuntary muscle movements; jitteriness or tremors; muscle aches, cramps, pain, spasms, or weakness; seizures).
- Check with your doctor to see whether you should take a calcium and vitamin D supplement while you use rabeprazole.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take rabeprazole before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Use rabeprazole with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects, especially hip, wrist, and spine fractures.
- Rabeprazole should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN younger than 12 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using rabeprazole while you are pregnant. It is not known if rabeprazole is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking rabeprazole.
Possible side effects of rabeprazole:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Constipation; gas; headache; mild diarrhea; mild sore throat.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest or throat; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue; unusual hoarseness); bloody or watery stools; bone pain; chest pain; dizziness; fainting; fast or irregular heartbeat; fever, chills, or persistent sore throat; involuntary muscle movements; joint or muscle aches or pain; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin; seizures; severe or persistent diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting; severe or persistent stomach or back pain; stomach cramps; swelling of the hands, ankles, or feet; symptoms of liver problems (eg, dark urine, loss of appetite, pale stools, unusual nausea, yellowing of the skin or eyes); tremors; unexplained weight loss; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual tiredness or weakness; vision changes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of rabeprazole:
Store rabeprazole at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep rabeprazole out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about rabeprazole, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Rabeprazole is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take rabeprazole or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about rabeprazole. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to rabeprazole. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using rabeprazole.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.