Diuril Side Effects
Generic name: chlorothiazide
Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Aug 10, 2023.
Note: This document contains side effect information about chlorothiazide. Some dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Diuril.
Applies to chlorothiazide: oral suspension, oral tablet. Other dosage forms:
Serious side effects of Diuril
Along with its needed effects, chlorothiazide (the active ingredient contained in Diuril) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking chlorothiazide:
Incidence not known
- Abdominal or stomach pain
- back, leg, or stomach pains
- black, tarry stools
- bleeding gums
- blistering, peeling, or loosening of skin
- blood in urine or stools
- bloody urine
- blue lips and fingernails
- blurred vision
- burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
- chest pain
- clay-colored stools
- cloudy urine
- cold sweats
- cough or hoarseness
- coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
- coughing up blood
- cracks in the skin
- darkened urine
- decrease in urine output or decrease in urine-concentrating ability
- decreased frequency or amount of urine
- difficult, fast, or noisy breathing, sometimes with wheezing
- difficulty swallowing
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
- dry mouth
- fast or irregular heartbeat
- flushed, dry skin
- fruit-like breath odor
- general body swelling
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- general feeling of tiredness or weakness
- greatly decreased frequency of urination or amount of urine
- increased blood pressure
- increased hunger
- increased sweating
- increased thirst
- increased urination
- joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
- loss of appetite
- loss of heat from the body
- lower back or side pain
- muscle cramps or pain
- nausea or vomiting
- numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in hands or feet
- pain in joints or muscles
- painful or difficult urination
- pains in stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
- pale skin
- pinpoint red spots on skin
- puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
- red, irritated eyes
- red skin lesions, often with a purple center
- red, swollen skin
- redness, soreness, or itching skin
- scaly skin
- shortness of breath
- sore throat
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on lips or in mouth
- sores, welting, or blisters
- sugar in the urine
- swelling of face, fingers, legs, ankles, feet, or lower legs
- swollen or painful glands
- tenderness of salivary glands
- thickening of bronchial secretions
- tightness in chest
- troubled breathing
- unpleasant breath odor
- unusual bleeding or bruising
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- unusual weight loss
- vomiting of blood
- weakness and heaviness of legs
- weight gain
- yellow eyes or skin
Other side effects of Diuril
Some side effects of chlorothiazide may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.
Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:
Incidence not known
- decreased interest in sexual intercourse
- difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
- hair loss, thinning of hair
- inability to have or keep an erection
- increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
- loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
- muscle spasm
- pinpoint red or purple spots on skin
- redness or other discoloration of skin
- sensation of spinning
- severe sunburn
For Healthcare Professionals
Applies to chlorothiazide: intravenous powder for injection, oral suspension, oral tablet.
Metabolic changes associated with chlorothiazide (the active ingredient contained in Diuril) as with other thiazide diuretics, are relatively common, especially when daily doses greater than 500 mg are used. Mild hypokalemia (decrease of 0.5 mEq/L) occurs in up to 50%, and may predispose patients to cardiac arrhythmias. Metabolic alkalosis, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia, hypercalcemia, hyperglycemia, hypercholesterolemia, and hyperuricemia are also relatively common.[Ref]
Hyperuricemia may be an important consideration in patients with a history of gout. Hypophosphatemia and low serum magnesium concentrations may occur, but are usually clinically insignificant except in malnourished patients.
Rare cases of the milk-alkali syndrome (hypercalcemia, metabolic alkalosis, and renal insufficiency) have been associated with chlorothiazide.
Cardiovascular complications of diuretic therapy include orthostatic hypotension secondary to intravascular volume depletion. This has resulted in syncope and, in some patients with glaucoma, temporary loss of vision. Rare cases of cerebrovascular accident associated with thiazide-induced diuresis have been reported.[Ref]
Hypersensitivity reactions usually involve the skin (cutaneous vasculitis, urticaria, rash, purpura), but may involve the gastrointestinal system (nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea), the genitourinary system (interstitial nephritis), and the respiratory system (acute noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, pneumonitis). Thiazide diuretics may induce phototoxic dermatitis.[Ref]
Thiazides may induce allergic reactions in patients who are allergic to sulfonamides.[Ref]
Dermatologic reactions may indicate hypersensitivity to the drug. Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, exfoliative dermatitis (including toxic epidermal necrolysis), and alopecia have been reported in rare cases.[Ref]
A retrospective case-control drug surveillance study has revealed the relative risk of acute cholecystitis associated with the use of a thiazide diuretic is 2.0. The suspected explanation for this association is the potentially deleterious effect thiazides have on the serum lipid profile. Chlorothiazide-induced hypercholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia may enhance the formation of some types of gallstones.[Ref]
Gastrointestinal problems include diarrhea, vomiting, constipation or abdominal pain in approximately 5% of patients. Thiazide diuretics have been associated with acute cholecystitis and rare cases of pancreatitis.[Ref]
Renal side effects including new or worsened renal insufficiency associated with chlorothiazide (the active ingredient contained in Diuril) therapy is a probable sign of intravascular volume depletion, and serves as a signal to reduce or withhold therapy. Rare cases of allergic interstitial nephritis have been associated with chlorothiazide.[Ref]
Endocrinologic changes associated with chlorothiazide (the active ingredient contained in Diuril) as with other thiazide diuretic agents, include decreased glucose tolerance and a potentially deleterious effect on the lipid profile. This may be important in some patients with or who are at risk for diabetes or coronary artery disease.[Ref]
Musculoskeletal cramping or spasms have occasionally been reported during chlorothiazide (the active ingredient contained in Diuril) diuresis.[Ref]
Genitourinary problems have been limited to rare complaints of impotence among male patients.[Ref]
Frequently asked questions
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Related treatment guides
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2. Aneckstein AG, Weingold AB. Chlorothiazide-induced hepatic coma in pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1966;95:136-7.
3. Gammon GD, Docherty JP. Thiazide-induced hypercalcemia in a manic-depressive patient. Am J Psychiatry. 1980;137:1453-5.
4. Leigh H. Letter: Factitious hypokalemia. Ann Intern Med. 1974;80:111-2.
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17. Bullock JD. Antihypertensive drugs and danger to vision . JAMA. 1977;237:2186.
18. Stern RS, Kleinerman RA, Parrish JA, et al. Phototoxic reactions to photoactive drugs in patients treated with PUVA. Arch Dermatol. 1980;116:1269-71.
19. Bowden FJ. Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema after ingestion of chlorothiazide. BMJ. 1989;298:605.
20. Lyons H, Pinn VW, Cortell S, Cohen JJ, Harrington JT. Allergic interstitial nephritis causing reversible renal failure in four patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1973;288:124-8.
21. Chan HL. Fixed drug eruptions. A study of 20 occurrences in Singapore. Int J Dermatol. 1984;23:607-9.
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25. Miller NR, Moses H. Transient oculomotor nerve palsy. Association with thiazide-induced glucose intolerance. JAMA. 1978;240:1887-8.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.