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Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is thrombocytopenia?

Thrombocytopenia is a condition that develops because your body does not have enough platelets. Platelets are cells that help your blood to clot. Your body may not be making enough platelets, or it may be destroying too many platelets. When platelets become low, your risk for bleeding increases. Severe bleeding may become life-threatening.

What increases my risk for thrombocytopenia?

What are the signs and symptoms of thrombocytopenia?

Your signs and symptoms depend on your platelet count. A lower platelet count will cause more severe symptoms. You may not have any symptoms. You may bleed or bruise more easily or have tiny red or purple spots on your skin. You may feel tired or bleed from your gums or nose. You may have blood in your urine or bowel movement. You may have heavy menstrual bleeding if you are a woman.

How is thrombocytopenia diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask if you take any medicine or supplements. Tell him or her if you have other health conditions. You may need blood tests to count your platelets or time how fast your blood clots.

How is thrombocytopenia treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to prevent or manage bleeding?

What do I need to know about medical alert identification?

Wear medical alert jewelry or carry a card that says you have thrombocytopenia. Ask your healthcare provider where to get these items.

Medical Alert Jewelry

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) for any of the following:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor or hematologist?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.