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Immune Thrombocytopenia

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Apr 2, 2024.

What is immune thrombocytopenia?

Immune thrombocytopenia is a bleeding disorder. Immune thrombocytopenia may happen when your immune system attacks and destroys your platelets. This causes low platelet levels. Platelets are cells that help the blood clot or stop bleeding. When platelet levels are low, bleeding may occur anywhere in your body. Immune thrombocytopenia may also be called idiopathic thrombocytopenia or ITP.

What increases my risk for immune thrombocytopenia?

What are the signs and symptoms of immune thrombocytopenia?

Your signs and symptoms will depend on your platelet levels. You may have no symptoms if your platelet levels are normal. You may have any of the following if your platelet level is low:

How is immune thrombocytopenia diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. Tell him or her about any medicines or supplements you take. Blood tests may be done to check your platelet levels and how fast your blood clots.

How is immune thrombocytopenia treated?

Treatment will depend on your platelet levels and symptoms. You may not need treatment, or you may need any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to prevent or manage bleeding?

What do I need to know about medical alert identification?

Wear medical alert jewelry or carry a card that says you have thrombocytopenia. Ask your healthcare provider where to get these items.

Medical Alert Jewelry

Call your local emergency number (911 in the US) or have someone call if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.