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Aplastic Anemia

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is aplastic anemia?

Aplastic anemia is when your body stops making new red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are made in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is soft, spongy tissue inside the bone. Red blood cells carry oxygen to all the organs and tissues of your body. White blood cells help your body fight infection by attacking and killing germs. Platelets stop the bleeding when you are cut or injured.

What causes aplastic anemia?

The cause of aplastic anemia may not be known. You may have been born with aplastic anemia. Any of the following may have damaged your bone marrow and caused aplastic anemia:

What are the signs and symptoms of aplastic anemia?

How is aplastic anemia diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will examine you and ask about your symptoms. You may also need any of the following:

How is aplastic anemia treated?

Your other medicines or treatments may be stopped if they are causing your aplastic anemia. Ask for more information about these and other treatments you may need:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to manage aplastic anemia?

Call 911 if:

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Learn more about Aplastic Anemia

Treatment options

Symptoms and treatments

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.