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Lomitapide

Generic Name: lomitapide (loe MI ta pide)
Brand Name: Juxtapid

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com on Dec 30, 2019 – Written by Cerner Multum

What is lomitapide?

Lomitapide reduces blood levels of "bad" cholesterol, such as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or non-high-density liproprotein (non-HDL), as well as a protein that carries bad cholesterol in the blood.

Lomitapide is used together with a low-fat diet and other treatments to lower total cholesterol in people with homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (an inherited type of high cholesterol).

It is not known whether lomitapide will lower your risk of heart disease.

Lomitapide is available only under a special program. You must be registered in the program and understand the risks and benefits of lomitapide.

Lomitapide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important Information

You should not use lomitapide if you have severe liver disease or a history of abnormal liver function tests.

Do not use if you are pregnant. Birth control pills may be less effective if you vomit or have diarrhea. Ask your doctor about the best way to prevent pregnancy while you are taking lomitapide.

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using. Many drugs can interact with lomitapide, and some drugs should not be used together.

Lomitapide can cause liver problems. Call your doctor at once if you have nausea, vomiting, upper stomach pain, tiredness, flu-like symptoms, dark urine, or jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Before taking this medicine

You should not use lomitapide if you are allergic to it, or if:

Many drugs can interact and cause dangerous effects. Some drugs should not be used together with lomitapide. Your doctor may change your treatment plan if you also use:

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • liver problems, even if caused by taking certain medicines;

  • kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis);

  • bowel problems, or an intestinal disorder;

  • hereditary galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency, or glucose galactose malabsorption; or

  • if you drink large amounts of alcohol.

You may need to have a negative pregnancy test before starting this treatment.

Do not use if you are pregnant. Stop using the medicine and tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant. Lomitapide could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are using lomitapide.

If you become pregnant, your name may be listed on a pregnancy registry to track the effects of lomitapide on the baby.

Birth control pills may be less effective if you vomit or have diarrhea. Ask your doctor about the best way to prevent pregnancy while taking lomitapide.

You should not breastfeed while using lomitapide.

Lomitapide is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

How should I take lomitapide?

Your doctor will perform blood tests to make sure lomitapide is safe for you to take.

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Take lomitapide on an empty stomach, at least 2 hours after your evening meal.

Swallow the capsule whole and do not crush, chew, break, or dissolve it. Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

Your doctor may have you take vitamin E or essential fatty acid supplements while you are taking lomitapide. Take only the type and amount of vitamins or supplements your doctor has prescribed.

You will need frequent medical tests.

Lomitapide is only part of a treatment program that may also include exercise and weight control. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking lomitapide?

Avoid eating foods high in fat or cholesterol, or lomitapide will not be as effective and may cause nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain.

Grapefruit may interact with lomitapide and lead to unwanted side effects. Avoid the use of grapefruit products.

Do not drink more than 1 alcoholic drink per day. Alcohol can increase your risk of liver damage while you are taking lomitapide.

Lomitapide side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have signs of liver problems, such as:

  • nausea, vomiting, upper stomach pain;

  • loss of appetite;

  • swelling around your midsection;

  • flu-like symptoms, tiredness;

  • dark urine, clay-colored stools; or

  • jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Common side effects may include:

  • stomach cramps;

  • nausea, vomiting;

  • indigestion; or

  • diarrhea.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Lomitapide dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Hyperlipidemia:

Initial dose: 5 mg orally once a day
Maintenance dose: 5 to 60 mg orally once a day (should be individualized, taking into account the goal of therapy and the response to treatment)
Maximum dose: 60 mg orally once a day

Comments:
-Dose should be escalated gradually based on response, safety, and tolerability. The dose may be escalated using the following incremental schedule: 5 mg orally once a day for a minimum of 2 weeks, then 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg orally once a day after a minimum of 4 weekly intervals between each dose increase.
-Lomitapide should be taken with a full glass of water on an empty stomach at least 2 hours after the evening meal.

Usual Adult Dose for Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia:

Initial dose: 5 mg orally once a day
Maintenance dose: 5 to 60 mg orally once a day (should be individualized, taking into account the goal of therapy and the response to treatment)
Maximum dose: 60 mg orally once a day

Comments:
-Dose should be escalated gradually based on response, safety, and tolerability. The dose may be escalated using the following incremental schedule: 5 mg orally once a day for a minimum of 2 weeks, then 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg orally once a day after a minimum of 4 weekly intervals between each dose increase.
-Lomitapide should be taken with a full glass of water on an empty stomach at least 2 hours after the evening meal.

What other drugs will affect lomitapide?

Some medicines can make lomitapide much less effective when taken at the same time. If you take cholestyramine or colesevelam, take your lomitapide dose 4 hours before or 4 hours after you take the other medicine.

Tell your doctor about all your current medicines. Many drugs can affect lomitapide, especially:

This list is not complete and many other drugs may affect lomitapide. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.