Generic Name: clomipramine (kloe MI pra meen)
Brand Name: Anafranil
Medically reviewed on November 3, 2017.
What is Anafranil?
Anafranil is a tricyclic antidepressant. It affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced.
Anafranil is used to treat symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) such as recurrent thoughts or feelings and repetitive actions.
Anafranil may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Some young people have thoughts about suicide when first taking an antidepressant. Stay alert to changes in your mood or symptoms. Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor.
Before taking this medicine
You should not take this medicine if you are allergic to Anafranil or to similar antidepressants (amitriptyline, amoxapine, desipramine, doxepin, imipramine, nortriptyline, protriptyline, or trimipramine).
Do not use Anafranil if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.
Before taking Anafranil, tell your doctor if you have used an "SSRI" antidepressant in the past 5 weeks, such as citalopram, escitalopram, fluoxetine (Prozac), fluvoxamine, paroxetine (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), trazodone, or vilazodone (Viibryd).
To make sure Anafranil is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
a seizure or a head injury;
Some young people have thoughts about suicide when first taking an antidepressant. Your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits while you are using Anafranil. Your family or other caregivers should also be alert to changes in your mood or symptoms.
Some medicines can interact with Anafranil and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome. Be sure your doctor knows if you also take stimulant medicine, opioid medicine, herbal products, or medicine for depression, mental illness, Parkinson's disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or prevention of nausea and vomiting. Ask your doctor before making any changes in how or when you take your medications.
It is not known whether this medicine will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Clomipramine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using this medicine.
Do not give Anafranil to anyone younger than 18 years old without the advice of a doctor.
How should I take Anafranil?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Take Anafranil with food to reduce stomach upset.
It may take up to 4 weeks before your symptoms improve. Keep using the medication as directed and tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve after 4 weeks of treatment.
Call your doctor if your symptoms do not improve, or if they get worse.
If you need surgery, tell the surgeon ahead of time that you are using Anafranil. You may need to stop using the medicine for a short time.
Do not stop using Anafranil suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using this medicine.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of Anafranil can be fatal.
Overdose symptoms may include vomiting, fast or uneven heart rate, loss of balance or coordination, extreme drowsiness, fever, severe sweating, stiff muscles, increased or decreased urination, blue lips or fingernails, weak or shallow breathing, fainting, seizure (convulsions) or coma.
What should I avoid while taking Anafranil?
Avoid drinking alcohol. Dangerous side effects could occur.
This medicine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.
Anafranil side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Seek medical treatment if you have a serious drug reaction that can affect many parts of your body. Symptoms may include: skin rash, fever, swollen glands, flu-like symptoms, muscle aches, severe weakness, unusual bruising, or yellowing of your skin or eyes. This reaction may occur several weeks after you began using Anafranil.
Report any new or worsening symptoms to your doctor, such as: mood or behavior changes, anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, hyperactive (mentally or physically), more depressed, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
blurred vision, tunnel vision, eye pain or swelling, or seeing halos around lights;
rapid heart rate, tremors or shaking;
confusion, extreme fear, thoughts of hurting yourself;
painful or difficult urination; or
a seizure (convulsions).
Seek medical attention right away if you have symptoms of serotonin syndrome, such as: agitation, hallucinations, fever, sweating, shivering, fast heart rate, muscle stiffness, twitching, loss of coordination, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Common side effects may include:
feeling anxious, restless, dizzy, drowsy, or tired;
sleep problems (insomnia);
appetite or weight changes;
memory problems, trouble concentrating;
increased sweating, numbness or tingling;
vision changes; or
decreased sex drive, impotence, or difficulty having an orgasm.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Anafranil?
Taking Anafranil with other drugs that make you sleepy can worsen this effect. Ask your doctor before taking a sleeping pill, opioid pain medication, muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.
Many drugs can interact with Anafranil. Not all possible interactions are listed here. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:
any other antidepressant;
cold or allergy medicine;
medication for Parkinson's disease;
Many drugs can interact with Anafranil. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide. Tell your doctor about all medicines you use, and those you start or stop using during your treatment with this medicine. Give a list of all your medicines to any healthcare provider who treats you.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 10.01.
More about Anafranil (clomipramine)
- Anafranil Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Images
- Drug Interactions
- Support Group
- Pricing & Coupons
- En Español
- 60 Reviews – Add your own review/rating
- Generic Availability
- Drug class: tricyclic antidepressants