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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)?

OCD is an anxiety disorder that causes obsessions and compulsions. An obsession is an unwanted thought that stays in your mind most of the time. You cannot stop or control this thought. A compulsion is something you do and cannot stop doing because of the obsessive thought. You may become very anxious if you try to stop the compulsion.

What causes or increases my risk for OCD?

The exact cause of OCD is unknown. Any of the following may increase your risk:

What are the signs and symptoms of OCD?

The signs of OCD may be worse during times of stress. You may have any of the following:

How is OCD diagnosed and treated?

Your healthcare provider will ask you several questions about your thoughts and behaviors. Treatment may include any of the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to manage OCD?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.