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Tenex (guanfacine) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food/lifestyle interaction with Tenex (guanfacine):

Major

guanFACINE ↔ food

Major Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of guanfacine. The risk of adverse reactions such as hypotension, bradycardia, and sedation may increase. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism in the gut wall by certain compounds present in grapefruit. Ketoconazole, a potent CYP450 3A4 inhibitor, has been reported to increase guanfacine peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and systemic exposure (AUC) by approximately 2- and 3-fold, respectively. A computer simulation suggests that fluconazole, a moderate CYP450 3A4 inhibitor, would increase guanfacine Cmax and AUC by about 1.5- and 2-fold, respectively. In general, the effect of grapefruit juice is concentration-, dose- and preparation-dependent, and can vary widely among brands. Certain preparations of grapefruit juice (e.g., high dose, double strength) have sometimes demonstrated potent inhibition of CYP450 3A4, while other preparations (e.g., low dose, single strength) have typically demonstrated moderate inhibition.

GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may enhance the sedative and hypotensive effects of guanfacine.

GENERALLY AVOID: Administration of extended-release guanfacine with a high-fat meal may increase the bioavailability of guanfacine. When a single 4 mg dose of extended-release guanfacine was administered to adult volunteers with a high-fat breakfast, mean guanfacine peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and systemic exposure (AUC) increased by approximately 75% and 40%, respectively, compared to dosing in a fasted state.

MANAGEMENT: Patients treated with guanfacine should avoid consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice. In addition, it is preferable to avoid or limit the use of alcohol during treatment. Patients should be advised against driving or operating hazardous machinery until they know how the medication affects them. The extended-release formulation of guanfacine should not be taken together with a high-fat meal.

References

  1. "Product Information. Tenex (guanfacine)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0
  3. "Product Information. Intuniv (guanfacine)." Shire US Inc, Florence, KY.

Tenex (guanfacine) drug Interactions

There are 436 drug interactions with Tenex (guanfacine)

Tenex (guanfacine) disease Interactions

There are 5 disease interactions with Tenex (guanfacine) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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