Generic name: OXYCODONE HYDROCHLORIDE 5mg
Dosage form: tablet, coated
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Important Dosage and Administration Instructions
Use the lowest effective dosage for the shortest duration consistent with individual patient treatment goals [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].
Initiate the dosing regimen for each patient individually; taking into account the patient's severity of pain, patient response, prior analgesic treatment experience, and risk factors for addiction, abuse, and misuse [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].
Monitor patients closely for respiratory depression, especially within the first 24 to 72 hours of initiating therapy and following dosage increases with ROXYBOND and adjust the dosage accordingly [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].
Use of ROXYBOND as the First Opioid Analgesic
Initiate treatment with ROXYBOND in a dosing range of 5 to 15 mg every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain. Titrate the dose based upon the individual patient’s response to their initial dose of ROXYBOND. This dose can then be adjusted to an acceptable level of analgesia taking into account side effects experienced by the patient.
For control of severe chronic pain, consider dosing ROXYBOND on a regularly scheduled basis, every 4 to 6 hours, at the lowest dosage level that will achieve adequate analgesia.
Although it is not possible to list every condition that is important to the selection of the initial dose of ROXYBOND, attention should be given to: 1) the daily dose, potency, and characteristics of any prior opioid 2) the reliability of any relative potency estimate used to calculate the dose of oxycodone needed, 3) the degree of opioid tolerance, 4) the general condition and medical status of the patient, and 5) the balance between pain control and adverse experiences
Conversion from Other Opioids to ROXYBOND
There is inter-patient variability in the potency of opioid drugs and opioid formulations. Therefore, a conservative approach is advised when determining the total daily dosage of ROXYBOND. It is safer to underestimate a patient’s 24-hour ROXYBOND dosage than to overestimate the 24-hour ROXYBOND dosage and manage an adverse reaction due to overdose. If a patient has been receiving opioid-containing medications prior to taking ROXYBOND, the potency of the prior opioid relative to oxycodone should be factored into the selection of the total daily dose (TDD) of oxycodone.
In converting patients from other opioids to ROXYBOND, close observation and adjustment of dosage based upon the patient’s response to ROXYBOND is imperative. Administration of supplemental analgesia for breakthrough or incident pain and titration of the TDD of ROXYBOND may be necessary, especially in patients who have disease states that are changing rapidly.
Conversion From Fixed-Ratio Opioid/Acetaminophen, Opioid/Aspirin, or Opioid/Nonsteroidal Combination Drugs
When converting patients from fixed ratio opioid/non-opioid drug regimens, a decision should be made whether or not to continue the non-opioid analgesic. If a decision is made to discontinue the use of non-opioid analgesic, it may be necessary to titrate the dose of ROXYBOND in response to the level of analgesia and adverse effects afforded by the dosing regimen. If the non-opioid regimen is continued as a separate single entity agent, the starting dose of ROXYBOND should be based upon the most recent dose of opioid as a baseline for further titration of oxycodone. Incremental increases should be gauged according to side effects to an acceptable level of analgesia.
Conversion from ROXYBOND to Extended-Release Oxycodone
The relative bioavailability of ROXYBOND compared to extended-release oxycodone products is unknown, so conversion to extended-release oxycodone must be accompanied by close observation for signs of excessive sedation and respiratory depression.
Conversion from Oxycodone Immediate-Release Tablets
Oxycodone pharmacokinetics are similar for ROXYBOND and oxycodone immediate-release tablets. Patients can be converted from oxycodone immediate-release to the same dose and dosing regimen of ROXYBOND.
Titration and Maintenance of Therapy
Individually titrate ROXYBOND to a dose that provides adequate analgesia and minimizes adverse reactions. Continually reevaluate patients receiving ROXYBOND to assess the maintenance of pain control and the relative incidence of adverse reactions, as well as monitoring for the development of addiction, abuse, or misuse [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Frequent communication is important among the prescriber, other members of the healthcare team, the patient, and the caregiver/family during periods of changing analgesic requirements, including initial titration.
If the level of pain increases after dosage stabilization, attempt to identify the source of increased pain before increasing the ROXYBOND dosage. If unacceptable opioid-related adverse reactions are observed, consider reducing the dosage. Adjust the dosage to obtain an appropriate balance between management of pain and opioid-related adverse reactions.
Discontinuation of ROXYBOND
When a patient who has been taking ROXYBOND regularly and may be physically-dependent no longer requires therapy with ROXYBOND, taper the dose gradually, by 25% to 50% every 2 to 4 days, while monitoring carefully for signs and symptoms of withdrawal. If the patient develops these signs or symptoms, raise the dose to the previous level and taper more slowly, either by increasing the interval between decreases, decreasing the amount of change in dose, or both. Do not abruptly discontinue ROXYBOND in a physically-dependent patient [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Drug Abuse and Dependence (9.3)].
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- Drug class: narcotic analgesics