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Betaxolol Disease Interactions

There are 18 disease interactions with betaxolol:

Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Asthma/Copd

Severe Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Some beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (i.e., beta-blockers) are contraindicated in patients with bronchial asthma or with a history of bronchial asthma, or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In general, beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents should not be used in patients with bronchospastic diseases. Beta blockade may adversely affect pulmonary function by counteracting the bronchodilation produced by catecholamine stimulation of beta-2 receptors. If beta-blocker therapy is necessary in these patients, an agent with beta-1 selectivity (e.g., atenolol, metoprolol, betaxolol) is considered safer, but should be used with caution nonetheless. Cardioselectivity is not absolute and can be lost with larger doses.

References

  1. Horvath JS, Woolcock AJ, Tiller DJ, Donnelly P, Armstrong J, Caterson R "A comparison of metoprolol and propranolol on blood pressure and respiratory function in patients with hypertension." Aust N Z J Med 8 (1978): 1-6
  2. Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, eds. "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed." New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Health Professionals Division (1998):
  3. Falliers CJ, Vincent ME, Medakovic M "Effect of single doses of labetalol, metoprolol, and placebo on ventilatory function in patients with bronchial asthma: interaction with isoproterenol." J Asthma 23 (1986): 251-60
  4. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. Morris R, Bulteau P "Respiratory arrest after beta-blocker in an asthmatic patient." Med J Aust 2 (1980): 576
  6. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  7. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  8. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  9. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  10. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  11. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  12. van Zyl AI, Jennings AA, Bateman ED, Opie LH "Comparison of respiratory effects of two cardioselective beta-blockers, celiprolol and atenolol, in asthmatics with mild to moderate hypertension." Chest 95 (1989): 209-13
  13. Raine JM, Palazzo MG, Kerr JH, Sleight P "Near-fatal bronchospasm after oral nadolol in a young asthmatic and response to ventilation with halothane." Br Med J 282 (1981): 548-9
  14. Mashford ML, Coventry D, Hecker R, et al. "Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee: ADRAC report for 1980." Med J Aust 1 (1982): 416-9
  15. Durant PA, Joucken K "Bronchospasm and hypotension during cardiopulmonary bypass after preoperative cimetidine and labetalol therapy." Br J Anaesth 56 (1984): 917-20
  16. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  17. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  18. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  19. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  20. "Product Information. Brevibloc (esmolol)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  21. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  22. Adam WR, Meagher EJ, Barter CE "Labetalol, beta blockers, and acute deterioration of chronic airway obstruction." Clin Exp Hypertens A A4 (1982): 1419-28
  23. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  24. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  25. Schoenberger JA, Croog SH, Sudilovsky A, et al "Self-reported side effects from antihypertensive drugs: a clinical trial." Am J Hypertens 3 (1990): 123-32
  26. Chodosh S, Tuck J, Blasucci DJ "The effects of dilevalol, metoprolol, and placebo on ventilatory function in asthmatics." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 11 (1988): s18-24
  27. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  28. Benson MK, Berrill WT, Cruickshank JM, Sterling GS "A comparison of four B-adrenoceptor antagonists in patients with asthma." Br J Clin Pharmacol 5 (1978): 415-9
  29. Stephen SA "Unwanted effects of propranolol." Am J Cardiol 18 (1966): 463-72
View all 29 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Bradyarrhythmia/Av Block

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Heart Block, Sinus Node Dysfunction

The use of beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) is contraindicated in patients with sinus bradyarrhythmia or heart block greater than the first degree (unless a functioning pacemaker is present). Due to their negative inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart, the use of beta-blockers is likely to exacerbate these conditions.

References

  1. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  2. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  3. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  6. Treseder AS, Thomas TP "Sinus arrest due to timolol eye drops." Br J Clin Pract 40 (1986): 256-8
  7. Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, eds. "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 14th ed." New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Health Professionals Division (1998):
  8. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  9. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  10. Crean PA, Williams DO "Effect of intravenous and oral acebutolol in patients with bundle branch block." Int J Cardiol 10 (1986): 119-26
  11. Mashford ML, Coventry D, Hecker R, et al. "Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee: ADRAC report for 1980." Med J Aust 1 (1982): 416-9
  12. Frishman WH "Carvedilol." N Engl J Med 339 (1998): 1759-65
  13. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  14. "Product Information. Brevibloc (esmolol)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  15. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  16. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  17. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  18. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  19. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  20. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  21. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
View all 21 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Cardiogenic Shock/Hypotension

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Cardiogenic Shock, Hypotension

The use of beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) is contraindicated in patients with hypotension or cardiogenic shock. Due to their negative inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart, the use of beta-blockers is likely to further depress cardiac output and blood pressure, which can be detrimental in these patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Brevibloc (esmolol)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  4. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  6. Kholeif M, Isles C "Profound hypotension after atenolol in severe hypertension." Br Med J 298 (1989): 161-2
  7. "Product Information. Betagan Liquifilm (levobunolol)." Allergan Inc, Irvine, CA.
  8. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  10. "Product Information. OptiPranolol (metipranolol)." Bausch and Lomb, Tampa, FL.
  11. "Product Information. Acupress (carteolol ophthalmic)." Otsuka American Pharmaceuticals Inc, Rockville, MD.
  12. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  13. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  14. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  15. Frishman WH "Carvedilol." N Engl J Med 339 (1998): 1759-65
  16. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  17. Tirlapur VG, Evans PJ, Jones MK "Shock syndrome after acebutolol." Br J Clin Pract 40 (1986): 33-4
  18. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  19. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  20. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  21. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  22. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  23. "Product Information. Betoptic (betaxolol ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.
View all 23 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Chf

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Congestive Heart Failure

Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) in general should not be used in patients with overt congestive heart failure (CHF). Sympathetic stimulation may be important in maintaining the hemodynamic function in these patients, thus beta-blockade can worsen the heart failure. However, therapy with beta-blockers may be beneficial and can be administered cautiously in some CHF patients provided they are well compensated and receiving digitalis, diuretics, an ACE inhibitor, and/or nitrates. Carvedilol, specifically, is indicated for use with these agents in the treatment of mild to severe heart failure of ischemic or cardiomyopathic origin. There is also increasing evidence that the addition of a beta-blocker to standard therapy can improve morbidity and mortality in patients with advanced heart failure, although it is uncertain whether effectiveness varies significantly with the different agents. Data from one meta-analysis study suggest a greater reduction of mortality risk for nonselective beta-blockers than for beta-1 selective agents.

References

  1. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  2. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  4. Tcherdakoff P "Side-effects with long-term labetalol: an open study of 251 patients in a single centre." Pharmatherapeutica 3 (1983): 342-8
  5. Kalman J, Buchholz C, Steinmetz M, Courtney M, Gass A, Lansman S, Kukin ML "Safety and efficacy of beta blockade in patients with chronic congestive heart failure awaiting transplantation." J Heart Lung Transplant 14 (1995): 1212-7
  6. Colucci WS, Packer M, Bristow MR, Gilbert EM, Cohn JN, Fowler MB, Krueger SK, Hershberger R, Uretsky BF, Bowers JA, Sackne "Carvedilol inhibits clinical progression in patients with mild symptoms of heart failure." Circulation 94 (1996): 2800-6
  7. Cleland JGF, Swedberg K "Carvedilol for heart failure, with care." Lancet 347 (1996): 1199-201
  8. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  9. Packer M, Bristow MR, Cohn JN, Colucci WS, Fowler MB, Gilbert EM, Shusterman NH "The effect of carvedilol on morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure." N Engl J Med 334 (1996): 1349-55
  10. Australia-New Zealand Heart Failure Research Collaborative Group. "Effects of carvedilol, a vasodilator-B-blocker, in patients with congestive heart failure due to ischemic heart disease." Circulation 92 (1995): 212-8
  11. Olsen SL, Gilbert EM, Renlund DG, Taylor DO, Yanowitz FD, Bristow MR "Carvedilol improves left ventricular function and symptoms in chronic heart failure: a double-blind randomized study." J Am Coll Cardiol 25 (1995): 1225-31
  12. Hjalmarson A, Goldstein S, Fagerberg B, et al. "Effects of controlled-release metoprolol on total mortality, hospitalizations, and well-being in patients with heart failure: the Metoprolol CR/XL Randomized Intervention Trial in congestive heart failure (MERIT-HF)." JAMA 283 (2000): 1295-302
  13. Michelson EL, Frishman WH, Lewis JE, et al "Multicenter clinical evaluation of long-term efficacy and safety of labetalol in treatment of hypertension." Am J Med Oct 17 (1983): 68-80
  14. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  15. Altus P "Timolol-induced congestive heart failure." South Med J 74 (1981): 88
  16. Maisel AS "Beneficial effects of metoprolol treatment in congestive heart failure - reversal of sympathetic-induced alterations of immunologic function." Circulation 90 (1994): 1774-80
  17. Persson SV, Erhardt L "Effects of beta receptor antagonists on left ventricular function in patients with clinical evidence of heart failure after myocardial infarction. A double-blind comparison of metoprolol and xamoterol: echocardiographic results from the Metoprolol and..." Eur Heart J 17 (1996): 741-9
  18. Myers J, Morgan T, Waga S, et al "Long-term experiences with labetalol." Med J Aust 1 (1980): 665-6
  19. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  20. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  21. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  22. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  23. Phillips KA, Shlipak MG, Coxson P, et al. "Health and economic benefits of increased B-blocker use following myocardial infarction." JAMA 284 (2000): 2748-54
  24. Macmahon S, Sharpe N, Doughty R, Krum H, Tonkin A, Trotter A, Burton R, Garrett J, Lane G, Owensby D, Ryan J, Shepherd J, Sing "Randomised, placebo-controlled trial of carvedilol in patients with congestive heart failure due to ischaemic heart disease." Lancet 349 (1997): 375-80
  25. Adams KF Jr "Current perspectives on B-receptor antagonists in the treatment of symptomatic ventricular dysfunction." Pharmacotherapy 16(2 Pt 2) (1996): 69-77
  26. Krum H, Sackner-Bernstein JD, Goldsmith RL, et al. "Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the long-term efficacy of carvedilol in patients with severe chronic heart failure." Circulation 92 (1995): 1499-506
  27. Packer M, Cohn JN, Colucci WS "Carvedilol in patients with chronic heart failure." N Engl J Med 335 (1996): 1310-20
  28. Packer M, Colucci WS, Sackner-Bernstein JD, Liang CS, Goldscher DA, Freeman I, Kukin ML, Kinhal V, Udelson JE, Klapholz M, Gottlieb SS, Pearle D "Double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effects of carvedilol in patients with moderate to severe heart failure. The PRECISE Trial Prospective Randomized Evaluation of Carvedilol on Symptoms an Exercise." Circulation 94 (1996): 2793-9
  29. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  30. Hart SM "Influence of B-blockers on mortality in chronic heart failure." Ann Pharmacother 34 (2000): 1440-51
  31. Von Olshausen K, Pop T, Berger J "Carvedilol in patients with chronic heart failure." N Engl J Med 335 (1996): 1318-20
  32. Frishman WH "Carvedilol." N Engl J Med 339 (1998): 1759-65
  33. Macdonald PS, Keogh AM, Aboyoun CL, Lund M, Amor R, McCaffrey DJ "Tolerability and efficacy of carvedilol in patients with New York Heart Association class IV heart failure." J Am Coll Cardiol 33 (1999): 924-31
  34. CIBIS-II Investigators and Committees. "The cardiac insufficiency bisoprolol study II (CIBIS-II): a randomised trial." Lancet 353 (1999): 9-13
  35. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  36. Moye LA, Abernethy D "Carvedilol in patients with chronic heart failure." N Engl J Med 335 (1996): 1318
  37. Bristow MR, Gilbert EM, Abraham WT, et al. "Carvedilol produces dose-related improvements in left ventricular function and survival in subjects with chronic heart failure. MOCHA Investigators." Circulation 94 (1996): 2807-16
  38. Lechat P, Jaillon P, Fontaine ML, Chanton E, Mesenge C, Gagey S, Guillardeau A, Dussous V "A randomized trial of beta-blockade in heart failure - the cardiac insufficiency bisoprolol study (CIBIS)." Circulation 90 (1994): 1765-73
  39. Doughty RN, Whalley GA, Gamble G, MacMahon S, Sharpe N "Left ventricular remodeling with carvedilol in patients with congestive heart failure due to ischemic heart disease. Australia-Ne Zealand Heart Failure Research Collaborative Group." J Am Coll Cardiol 29 (1997): 1060-6
  40. Lechat P, Packer M, Chalon S, Cucherat M, Arab T, Boissel JP "Clinical effects of beta-adrenergic blockade in chronic heart failure: A meta-analysis of double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trials." Circulation 98 (1998): 1184-91
  41. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  42. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  43. Persson H, Rythenalder E, Melcher A, Erhardt L "Effects of beta receptor antagonists in patients with clinical evidence of heart failure after myocardial infarction: double blind comparison of metoprolol and xamoterol." Br Heart J 74 (1995): 140-8
  44. "Product Information. Brevibloc (esmolol)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  45. Mashford ML, Coventry D, Hecker R, et al. "Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee: ADRAC report for 1980." Med J Aust 1 (1982): 416-9
  46. Kelly DT "Carvedilol in heart failure." Cardiology 82 Suppl 3 (1993): 45-9
  47. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
View all 47 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Diabetes

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Diabetes Mellitus

Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) may mask symptoms of hypoglycemia such as tremors, tachycardia and blood pressure changes. In addition, the nonselective beta-blockers (e.g., propranolol, pindolol, timolol) may inhibit catecholamine-mediated glycogenolysis, thereby potentiating insulin-induced hypoglycemia and delaying the recovery of normal blood glucose levels. Since cardioselectivity is not absolute, larger doses of beta-1 selective agents may demonstrate these effects as well. Therapy with beta-blockers should be administered cautiously in patients with diabetes or predisposed to spontaneous hypoglycemia.

References

  1. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  2. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  6. Grimaldi A, Bennett P, Delas B, et al "Beta-blockers and hypoglycaemia: assessment of cardioselective and intrinsic sympathomimetic properties in relation to severity of hypoglycaemia." Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 36 (1984): 361-73
  7. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  8. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  9. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  10. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  11. Uusitupa M, Aro A, Pietikainen M "Severe hypoglycaemia caused by physical strain and pindolol therapy." Ann Clin Res 12 (1980): 25-7
  12. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  13. Darga LL, Hakim MJ, Lucas CP, Franklin BA "Comparison of the effects of guanadrel sulfate and propranolol on blood pressure, functional capacity, serum lipoproteins and glucose in systemic hypertension." Am J Cardiol 67 (1991): 590-6
  14. Giugliano D, Acampora R, Marfella R, DeRosa N, Ziccardi P, Ragone R, DeAngelis L, DOnofrio F "Metabolic and cardiovascular effects of carvedilol and atenolol in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and hypertension - A randomized, controlled trial." Ann Intern Med 126 (1997): 955-9
  15. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  16. Velde TM, Kaiser FE "Ophthalmic timolol treatment causing altered hypoglycemic response in a diabetic patient." Arch Intern Med 143 (1983): 1627
  17. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  18. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  19. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  20. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  21. "Product Information. Brevibloc (esmolol)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
View all 21 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Hemodialysis

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: hemodialysis

Therapy with beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) should be administered cautiously in patients requiring hemodialysis. When given after dialysis, hemodynamic stability should be established prior to drug administration to avoid marked falls in blood pressure. The hemodynamic status should be closely monitored before and after the dose.

References

  1. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  4. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  6. Miki S, Masumura H, Kaifu Y, Yuasa S "Pharmacokinetics and efficacy of carvedilol in chronic hemodialysis patients with hypertension." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 18 Suppl 4 (1991): s62-8
  7. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  8. Deetjen A, Heidland A, Pangerl A, Meyer-Sabellek W, Schaefer RM "Antihypertensive treatment with a vasodilating beta-blocker, carvedilol, in chronic hemodialysis patients." Clin Nephrol 43 (1995): 47-52
  9. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  10. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  11. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  12. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  13. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  14. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
View all 14 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Hypersensitivity

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Allergies

The use of beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) in patients with a history of allergic reactions or anaphylaxis may be associated with heightened reactivity to culprit allergens. The frequency and/or severity of attacks may be increased during beta-blocker therapy. In addition, these patients may be refractory to the usual doses of epinephrine used to treat acute hypersensitivity reactions and may require a beta-agonist such as isoproterenol.

References

  1. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  2. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  3. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  4. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  5. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  6. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  7. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  8. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  9. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  10. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  11. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  12. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  13. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  14. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  15. "Product Information. Brevibloc (esmolol)." DuPont Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE.
  16. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
View all 16 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Ischemic Heart Disease

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Ischemic Heart Disease

Heightened sensitivity to catecholamines may occur after prolonged use of beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers). Exacerbation of angina, myocardial infarction and ventricular arrhythmias have been reported in patients with coronary artery disease following abrupt withdrawal of therapy. Cessation of beta-blocker therapy, whenever necessary, should occur gradually with incrementally reduced dosages over a period of 1 to 2 weeks in patients with coronary insufficiency. Patients should be advised not to discontinue treatment without first consulting with the physician. In patients who experience an exacerbation of angina following discontinuation of beta-blocker therapy, the medication should generally be reinstituted, at least temporarily, along with other clinically appropriate measures.

References

  1. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  2. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  4. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  5. Miller RR, Olson HG, Amsterdam EA, Mason DT "Propranolol-withdrawal rebound phenomenon: exacerbation of coronary events after abrupt cessation of antianginal therapy." N Engl J Med 293 (1975): 416-8
  6. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  7. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  8. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  9. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  10. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  11. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  12. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  13. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  14. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  15. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  16. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  17. Walden RJ, Hernandez J, Yu Y, et al "Withdrawal of beta-blocking drugs." Am Heart J 104 (1982): 515-20
  18. Rangno RE, Langlois S "Comparison of withdrawal phenomena after propranolol, metoprolol, and pindolol." Am Heart J 104 (1982): 473-8
  19. Szecsi E, Kohlschutter S, Schiess W, Lang E "Abrupt withdrawal of pindolol or metoprolol after chronic therapy." Br J Clin Pharmacol 13 (1982): s353-7
View all 19 references
Major

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Pvd

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Peripheral Arterial Disease

Due to their negative inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart, beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) reduce cardiac output and may precipitate or aggravate symptoms of arterial insufficiency in patients with peripheral vascular disease. In addition, the nonselective beta-blockers (e.g., propranolol, pindolol, timolol) may attenuate catecholamine-mediated vasodilation during exercise by blocking beta-2 receptors in peripheral vessels. Therapy with beta-blockers should be administered cautiously in patients with peripheral vascular disease. Close monitoring for progression of arterial obstruction is advised.

References

  1. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  2. Coppeto JR "Transient ischemic attacks and amaurosis fugax from timolol." Ann Ophthalmol 17 (1985): 64-5
  3. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  4. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. Broeder CE, Thomas EL, Martin NB, Hofman Z, Jesek JK, Scruggs KD, Wambsgans KC, Wilmore JH "Effects of propranolol and pindolol on cardiac output during extended periods of low-intensity physical activity." Am J Cardiol 72 (1993): 1188-95
  6. Michelson EL, Frishman WH, Lewis JE, et al "Multicenter clinical evaluation of long-term efficacy and safety of labetalol in treatment of hypertension." Am J Med Oct 17 (1983): 68-80
  7. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  8. Holti G "A double-blind study of the peripheral vasoconstrictor effects of the beta-blocking drug penbutolol in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon." Curr Med Res Opin 6 (1979): 267-70
  9. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  10. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  11. Breckenridge A, Roberts DH "Antihypertensive treatment in concomitant peripheral vascular disease: current experience and the potential of carvedilol." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 18 Suppl 4 (1991): s78-81
  12. Tcherdakoff P "Side-effects with long-term labetalol: an open study of 251 patients in a single centre." Pharmatherapeutica 3 (1983): 342-8
  13. Lepantalo M "Beta blockade and intermittent claudication." Acta Med Scand 700 (1985): 1-48
  14. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  15. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  16. Myers J, Morgan T, Waga S, et al "Long-term experiences with labetalol." Med J Aust 1 (1980): 665-6
  17. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  18. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  19. Eliasson K, Lins L-E, Sundqvist K "Peripheral vasospasm during beta-receptor blockade: a comparison between metoprolol and pindolol." Acta Med Scand 665 (1982): 109-12
  20. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  21. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  22. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  23. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  24. Mashford ML, Coventry D, Hecker R, et al. "Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Committee: ADRAC report for 1980." Med J Aust 1 (1982): 416-9
  25. Eliasson K, Danielson M, Hylander B, Lindblad LE "Raynaud's phenomenon caused by beta-receptor blocking drugs." Acta Med Scand 215 (1984): 333-9
View all 25 references
Major

Betaxolol (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Renal Dysfunction

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Renal Dysfunction

Betaxolol and its metabolites are eliminated by the kidney. Patients with renal impairment may be at greater risk for adverse effects from betaxolol due to decreased drug clearance. Therapy with betaxolol should be administered cautiously in patients with renal impairment. Dosage adjustments are recommended for patients with severe renal dysfunction (CrCl < 10 mL/min) or undergoing dialysis.

References

  1. Bianchetti G, Blatrix C, Gomeni R, Kilborn JR, Larribaud J, Lucker PW, Thebault JJ, Trocherie S, Morselli PL "Pharmacokinetics of the new beta-adrenoceptor blocking agent betaxolol (SL 75212) in man after repeated oral administration." Arzneimittelforschung 30 (1980): 1912-6
  2. Bianchetti G, Thiercelin JF, Thenot JP "Pharmacokinetics of betaxolol in middle aged patients." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 31 (1986): 231-3
  3. Stagni G, Davis PJ, Ludden TM "Human pharmacokinetics of betaxolol enantiomers." J Pharm Sci 80 (1991): 321-4
  4. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  5. Giudicelli JF, Chauvin M, Thuillez C, Richer C, Bianchetti G, Gomeni R, Morselli PL "Beta-adrenoceptor blocking effects and pharmacokinetics of betaxolol (SL 75212) in man." Br J Clin Pharmacol 10 (1980): 41-9
  6. Beresford R, Heel RC "Betaxolol. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic efficacy in hypertension." Drugs 31 (1986): 6-28
View all 6 references
Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Cerebrovascular Insufficiency

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Cerebrovascular Insufficiency

Beta-adrenergic blocking agents (beta-blockers), should be used with caution in patients with cerebrovascular insufficiency because of their potential effects relative to blood pressure and pulse. If signs or symptoms suggesting reduced cerebral blood flow are observed, consideration should be given to discontinuing these agents.

Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Glaucoma

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension

Systemic beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) may lower intraocular pressure. Therefore, patients with glaucoma or intraocular hypertension may require adjustments in their ophthalmic regimen following a dosing change or discontinuation of beta-blocker therapy.

References

  1. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  2. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  4. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  6. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  7. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  8. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  9. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  10. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  11. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  12. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  13. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  14. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  15. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
View all 15 references
Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Hyperlipidemia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Hyperlipidemia

Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) may alter serum lipid profiles. Increases in serum VLDL and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as decreases in HDL cholesterol, have been reported with some beta-blockers. Patients with preexisting hyperlipidemia may require closer monitoring during beta-blocker therapy, and adjustments made accordingly in their lipid-lowering regimen.

References

  1. Samuel P, Chin B, Schoenfeld BH, et al "Comparison of the effect of pindolol versus propranolol on the lipid profile in patients treated for hypertension." Br J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1987): s63-4
  2. Rossner S, Weiner L "Atenolol and metoprolol: comparison of effects on blood pressure and serum lipoproteins, and side effects." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1983): 573-7
  3. Gordon NF, Scott CB, Duncan JJ "Effects of atenolol versus enalapril on cardiovascular fitness and serum lipids in physically active hypertensive men." Am J Cardiol 79 (1997): 1065-9
  4. Rossner S, Weiner L "Atenolol and metoprolol: comparison of effects on blood pressure and serum lipoproteins, and side effects." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1983): 573-7
  5. Szollar LG, Meszaros I, Tornoci L, et al "Effect of metoprolol and pindolol monotherapy on plasma lipid- and lipoprotein-cholesterol levels (including the HDL subclasses) in mild hypertensive males and females." J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 15 (1990): 911-7
  6. Terent A, Ribacke M, Carlson LA "Long-term effect of pindolol on lipids and lipoproteins in men with newly diagnosed hypertension." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 36 (1989): 347-50
  7. Lithell H, Andersson PE "Metabolic effects of carvedilol in hypertensive patients." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 52 (1997): 13-7
  8. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  9. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  10. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  11. Sasaki J, Saku K, Ideishi M, et al "Effects of pindolol on serum lipids, apolipoproteins, and lipoproteins in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension." Clin Ther 11 (1989): 219-24
  12. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  13. Clucas A, Miller N "Effects of acebutolol on the serum lipid profile." Drugs 36 Suppl 2 (1988): 41-50
  14. Safran AB, Simona F, Sansonetti A, Pometta D, James R "Effects of ocular carteolol and timolol on plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level." Am J Ophthalmol 117 (1994): 683
  15. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
  16. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  17. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  18. Lind L, Pollare T, Berne C, Lithell H "Long-term metabolic effects of antihypertensive drugs." Am Heart J 128 (1994): 1177-83
  19. Disler LJ, Joffe BI, Seftel HC "Massive hypertriglyceridemia associated with atenolol." Am J Med 85 (1988): 586-7
  20. Leren P, Foss PO, Nordvik B, Fossbakk B "The effect of enalapril and timolol on blood lipids." Acta Med Scand 223 (1988): 321-6
  21. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  22. Harvengt C, Heller FR, Martiat P, Nieuwenhuyze YV "Short-term effects of beta blockers atenolol, nadolol, pindolol, and propranolol on lipoprotein metabolism in normolipemic subjects." J Clin Pharmacol 27 (1987): 475-80
  23. Pasotti C, Capra A, Fiorella G, et al "Effects of pindolol and metoprolol on plasma lipids and lipoproteins." Br J Clin Pharmacol 13 (1982): s435-9
  24. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  25. Darga LL, Hakim MJ, Lucas CP, Franklin BA "Comparison of the effects of guanadrel sulfate and propranolol on blood pressure, functional capacity, serum lipoproteins and glucose in systemic hypertension." Am J Cardiol 67 (1991): 590-6
  26. Ferrara LA, Marotta T, Scilla A, et al "Effect of oxprenolol and metoprolol on serum lipid concentration." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 26 (1984): 331-4
  27. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  28. Carlson LA, Ribacke M, Terent A "A long-term study on the effect of pindolol on serum lipoproteins: a preliminary report." Br J Clin Pharmacol 24 (1987): s61-2
  29. Weiner L, Rossner S "Atenolol 50 mg or metoprolol 200 mg: a comparison of antihypertensive efficacy, side effects and lipoprotein changes." Acta Med Scand 677 (1983): 153-7
  30. Northcote RJ, Packard CJ, Ballantyne D "The effect of sotalol on plasma lipoproteins and apolipoproteins." Clin Chim Acta 158 (1986): 187-91
  31. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  32. Sasaki J, Kajiyama G, Kusukawa R, Mori H, Koga S, Takagi R, Tanaka N, Ogawa N, Arakawa K "Effect of bevantolol and propranolol on serum lipids in patients with essential hypertension." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 32 (1994): 660-4
  33. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  34. Valimaki M, Maass L, Harno K, Nikkila EA "Lipoprotein lipids and apoproteins during beta-blocker administration: comparison of penbutolol and atenolol." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 30 (1986): 17-20
  35. Kasiske BL, Ma JZ, Kalil RS, Louis TA "Effects of antihypertensive therapy on serum lipids." Ann Intern Med 122 (1995): 133-41
  36. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  37. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  38. Lehtonen A, Hietanen E, Marniemi J, Peltonen P, Nikkila EA "Effect of sotalol withdrawal on serum lipids and lipoprotein lipase activity." Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 21 (1983): 73-6
  39. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
View all 39 references
Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Hyperthyroidism

Moderate Potential Hazard, High plausibility

Applies to: Hyperthyroidism

When beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) are used to alleviate symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as tachycardia, anxiety, tremor and heat intolerance, abrupt withdrawal can exacerbate thyrotoxicosis or precipitate a thyroid storm. To minimize this risk, cessation of beta-blocker therapy, when necessary, should occur gradually with incrementally reduced dosages over a period of 1 to 2 weeks. Patients should be advised not to discontinue treatment without first consulting with the physician. Close monitoring is recommended during and after therapy withdrawal.

References

  1. "Product Information. Kerlone (betaxolol)." Searle, Skokie, IL.
  2. "Product Information. Lopressor (metoprolol)." Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ.
  3. "Product Information. Coreg (carvedilol)." SmithKline Beecham, Philadelphia, PA.
  4. "Product Information. Cartrol (carteolol)." Abbott Pharmaceutical, Abbott Park, IL.
  5. "Product Information. Normodyne (labetalol)." Schering Laboratories, Kenilworth, NJ.
  6. "Product Information. Inderal (propranolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  7. "Product Information. Betapace (sotalol)." Berlex, Richmond, CA.
  8. "Product Information. Levatol (penbutolol)." Reed and Carnrick, Jersey City, NJ.
  9. "Product Information. Visken (pindolol)." Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation, East Hanover, NJ.
  10. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  11. "Product Information. Sectral (acebutolol)." Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Philadelphia, PA.
  12. "Product Information. Tenormin (atenolol)." ICN Pharmaceuticals Inc, Cost Mesa, CA.
  13. "Product Information. Trandate (labetalol)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
  14. "Product Information. Corgard (nadolol)." Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ.
  15. "Product Information. Zebeta (bisoprolol)." Lederle Laboratories, Wayne, NJ.
View all 15 references
Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Myasthenia Gravis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Myoneural Disorder

Beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) may potentiate muscle weakness consistent with certain myasthenic symptoms such as diplopia, ptosis, and generalized weakness. Several beta-blockers have been associated rarely with aggravation of muscle weakness in patients with preexisting myasthenia gravis or myasthenic symptoms.

References

  1. "Product Information. Blocadren (timolol)." Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA.
  2. Herishanu Y, Rosenberg P "Beta-blockers and myasthenia gravis." Ann Intern Med 83 (1975): 834-5
  3. Confavreux C, Charles N, Aimard G "Fulminant myasthenia gravis soon after initiation of acebutolol therapy." Eur Neurol 30 (1990): 279-81
  4. Coppeto JR "Timolol-associated myasthenia gravis." Am J Ophthalmol 98 (1984): 244-5
  5. Verkijk A "Worsening of myasthenia gravis with timolol maleate eyedrops." Ann Neurol 17 (1985): 211-2
  6. Choi KL, Wat MS, Ip TP, Kung AWC, Lam KSL "Phaeochromocytoma associated with myasthenia gravis precipitated by propranolol treatment." Aust N Z J Med 25 (1995): 257
  7. Berstein LP, Henkind P "Additional information on adverse reactions to timolol." Am J Ophthalmol 92 (1981): 295-6
View all 7 references
Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Pheochromocytoma

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Pheochromocytoma

Administration of beta-blockers alone in the setting of pheochromocytoma has been associated with a paradoxical increase in blood pressure due to the attenuation of beta-mediated vasodilatation in skeletal muscle. In patients with pheochromocytoma, an alpha-blocking agent should be initiated prior to the use of any beta-blocking agent. Caution should be taken in the administration of these agents to patients suspected of having pheochromocytoma.

Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Psoriasis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Psoriasis

The use of beta-blockers in psoriatic patients should be carefully weighed since the use of these agents may cause an aggravation in psoriasis.

Moderate

Beta-Blockers (Includes Betaxolol) ↔ Tachycardia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Tachyarrhythmia

Beta-adrenergic blockade in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and tachycardia has been associated with severe bradycardia requiring treatment with a pacemaker. In one case, this result was reported after an initial dose of 5 mg propranolol. The use of beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agents (aka beta-blockers) should be administered cautiously in these patients.

betaxolol drug Interactions

There are 941 drug interactions with betaxolol

betaxolol alcohol/food Interactions

There are 3 alcohol/food interactions with betaxolol

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.
Unknown No information available.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

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