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eluxadoline (Oral route)

el-ux-AD-oh-leen

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Viberzi

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet

Therapeutic Class: Antidiarrheal

Pharmacologic Class: Opioid Agonist/Antagonist

Uses For eluxadoline

Eluxadoline is used to treat adults with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D).

eluxadoline is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using eluxadoline

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For eluxadoline, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to eluxadoline or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of eluxadoline in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of eluxadoline in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have unwanted side effects and stomach problems, which may require caution in patients receiving eluxadoline.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of eluxadoline. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Alcohol abuse or addiction or
  • Bowel or stomach blockage, known or suspected or
  • Constipation (severe), history of or
  • Gallbladder blockage, known or suspected or
  • Liver disease, severe or
  • Pancreas problems (eg, blockage in the pancreas) or
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), history of or
  • Patients who drink more than 3 alcoholic beverages a day or
  • Sphincter of Oddi disease, known or suspected—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Liver disease, mild to moderate—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of eluxadoline

Take eluxadoline exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects.

eluxadoline should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Take eluxadoline with food.

Dosing

The dose of eluxadoline will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of eluxadoline. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea:
      • Adults—100 milligrams (mg) two times a day. Some patients may need 75 mg two times a day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of eluxadoline, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using eluxadoline

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that eluxadoline is working properly and to check for unwanted effects.

If your symptoms and condition do not improve within a few days, or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

Stop taking eluxadoline and call your doctor right away if you have constipation for more than 4 days.

eluxadoline may increase your risk for sphincter of Oddi spasm. This is more likely to occur if you do not have a gallbladder. Call your doctor right away if you have new or worsening stomach pain or pain in the upper right abdominal or stomach that may move to your back or shoulders, with or without nausea or vomiting.

eluxadoline may increase your risk for pancreatitis. Check with your doctor right away if you have the following symptoms: bloating, chills, darkened urine, sudden and severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, lightheadedness, or yellow eyes or skin.

If you have liver problems, do not drive or do anything that could be dangerous until you know how eluxadoline affects you.

Avoid drinking excessive alcohol while using eluxadoline.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

eluxadoline Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Rare
  • Bloating
  • chills
  • constipation
  • darkened urine
  • fast heartbeat
  • fever
  • indigestion
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • pains in the stomach, side, or abdomen, possibly radiating to the back
  • vomiting
  • yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
  • Body aches or pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • cough producing mucus
  • difficulty with breathing
  • ear congestion
  • excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
  • fever
  • full feeling
  • headache
  • loss of voice
  • muscle aches
  • passing gas
  • pressure in the stomach
  • rash
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • stuffy or runny nose
  • swelling of abdominal or stomach area
  • tightness in the chest
  • unusual tiredness or weakness

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

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