Skip to Content

Medications for Bacterial Endocarditis Prevention (Bacterial Endocarditis Prophylaxis)

About Bacterial Endocarditis Prevention

Measures taken to prevent endocarditis caused by the direct invasion of bacteria, leading to deformity and destruction of the valve leaflets.

Drugs used to treat Bacterial Endocarditis Prevention

The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition.

Drug name Rating Reviews Activity ? Rx/OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol
amoxicillin 9.0 1 review
Rx B N

Generic name: amoxicillin systemic

Brand names:  Amoxil, Apo-Amoxi

Drug class: aminopenicillins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

clarithromycin 4.0 2 reviews
Rx C N

Generic name: clarithromycin systemic

Brand name:  Biaxin XL

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

cephalexin 8.2 5 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: cephalexin systemic

Brand name:  Keflex

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

clindamycin 5.8 5 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Brand names:  Cleocin, Cleocin HCl, Cleocin Pediatric, Cleocin Phosphate …show all

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Keflex Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cephalexin systemic

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

azithromycin 5.0 2 reviews
Rx B N

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Brand names:  Azithromycin Dose Pack, Zithromax

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Amoxil Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: amoxicillin systemic

Drug class: aminopenicillins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Azithromycin Dose Pack Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

erythromycin Rate Add review
Rx B N X

Generic name: erythromycin systemic

Brand names:  Erythrocin, Ery-Tab, E.E.S. Granules, EryPed, Eryc, Erythrocin Lactobionate, PCE Dispertab …show all

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Zithromax 9.0 1 review
Rx B N

Generic name: azithromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

ceftriaxone Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: ceftriaxone systemic

Drug class: third generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

vancomycin Rate Add review
Rx C N

Generic name: vancomycin systemic

Brand names:  Vancocin, Vancocin HCl, Vancocin HCl Pulvules

Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Cleocin Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

cefadroxil Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefadroxil systemic

Brand name:  Duricef

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Erythrocin Rate Add review
Rx B N X

Generic name: erythromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

ampicillin Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: ampicillin systemic

Drug class: aminopenicillins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Apo-Amoxi Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: amoxicillin systemic

Drug class: aminopenicillins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

cefazolin 1.0 1 review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefazolin systemic

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Ery-Tab Rate Add review
Rx B N X

Generic name: erythromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

gentamicin Rate Add review
Rx D N

Generic name: gentamicin systemic

Brand name:  Garamycin

Drug class: aminoglycosides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: A-Z Drug Facts, AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information

Vancocin Rate Add review
Rx C N

Generic name: vancomycin systemic

Drug class: glycopeptide antibiotics

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Duricef Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: cefadroxil systemic

Drug class: first generation cephalosporins

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Biaxin XL Rate Add review
Rx C N

Generic name: clarithromycin systemic

Drug class: macrolides

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Cleocin HCl Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

Cleocin Pediatric Rate Add review
Rx B N

Generic name: clindamycin systemic

Drug class: lincomycin derivatives

For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects

For professionals: Prescribing Information

Legend

Rating For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).
Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.
Rx Prescription Only.
OTC Over the Counter.
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over the Counter.
Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
EUA An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

Browse Treatment Options

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.