Generic Name: clarithromycin (kla RITH roe MYE sin)
Brand Names: Biaxin, Biaxin XL
What is Biaxin?
Biaxin is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections affecting the skin and respiratory system.
Biaxin is also used together with other medicines to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.
Take Biaxin for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Clarithromycin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.
You should not use Biaxin if you are allergic to clarithromycin or similar antibiotics, if you have ever had jaundice or liver problems caused by taking Biaxin, or if you have liver or kidney disease and are also taking colchicine.
Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using. Many drugs can interact with clarithromycin, and some drugs should not be used together.
Before taking this medicine
you have had jaundice or liver problems caused by taking clarithromycin; or
you have liver or kidney disease and you also take a medicine called colchicine.
Some medicines can cause unwanted or dangerous effects when used with Biaxin. Your doctor may need to change your treatment plan if you use any of the following drugs:
To make sure Biaxin is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:
a heart rhythm disorder;
long QT syndrome (in you or a family member);
coronary artery disease (clogged arteries);
an electrolyte imbalance (such as low levels of potassium or magnesium in your blood).
Clarithromycin may harm an unborn baby. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are using this medicine. Tell your doctor if you become pregnant.
In animal studies, clarithromycin caused birth defects. However, it is not known whether these effects would occur in humans. Ask your doctor about your risk.
Clarithromycin can pass into breast milk and may cause side effects in the nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.
Biaxin is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 months old.
How should I take Biaxin?
Take Biaxin exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Do not use clarithromycin to treat any condition that has not been checked by your doctor. Do not share this medicine with another person, even if they have the same symptoms you have.
You may take the regular tablets with or without food.
Biaxin XL extended-release tablets should be taken with food.
Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.
Use this medicine for the full prescribed length of time. Biaxin is usually given for 7 to 14 days. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Clarithromycin will not treat a viral infection such as the flu or a common cold.
Store this medicine in the original container at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light.
If your infection is treated with a combination of drugs, use all medications as directed by your doctor. Read the instructions provided with each medication. Do not change your doses or medication schedule without your doctor's advice.
See also: Dosage Information (in more detail)
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking Biaxin?
Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. If you have diarrhea that is watery or bloody, call your doctor. Do not use anti-diarrhea medicine unless your doctor tells you to.
Biaxin side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Biaxin: (hives, difficult breathing, swelling in your face or throat) or a severe skin reaction (fever, sore throat, burning in your eyes, skin pain, red or purple skin rash that spreads and causes blistering and peeling).
Call your doctor at once if you have:
severe stomach pain, diarrhea that is watery or bloody;
fast or pounding heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, shortness of breath, and sudden dizziness (like you might pass out);
confusion, spinning sensation;
liver problems - loss of appetite, upper stomach pain, tiredness, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or
kidney problems - little or no urination, swelling in your feet or ankles, feeling tired or short of breath.
Older adults may be more likely to have heart rhythm side effects, including a life-threatening fast heart rate.
Common Biaxin side effects may include:
stomach pain, nausea, vomiting;
unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Biaxin?
When you start or stop taking Biaxin, your doctor may need to adjust the doses of any other medicines you take on a regular basis.
Clarithromycin can cause a serious heart problem, especially if you use certain medicines at the same time, such as antibiotics, antifungal medicine, antidepressants, anti-malaria medicine, asthma inhalers, antipsychotic medicine, cancer medicine, certain HIV/AIDS medicine, heart or blood pressure medicine, or medicine to prevent vomiting.
Many drugs can interact with clarithromycin, and some drugs should not be used together. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about Biaxin (clarithromycin)
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
- Dosage Information
- Drug Images
- Drug Interactions
- Compare Alternatives
- Support Group
- En Español
- 73 Reviews – Add your own review/rating
- Generic Availability
- Drug class: macrolides
- Biaxin (Clarithromycin Oral Suspension)
- Biaxin (Clarithromycin Tablets)
- Biaxin (Advanced Reading)
- Biaxin Filmtab (Advanced Reading)
Other brands: Biaxin XL
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about Biaxin.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Biaxin only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2018 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 18.01.
Date modified: February 08, 2018
Last reviewed: December 27, 2017