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Epidural Steroid Injection
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What do I need to know about an epidural steroid injection (ESI)?
An ESI is a procedure to inject steroid medicine into the epidural space. The epidural space is between your spinal cord and vertebrae. Steroids reduce inflammation and fluid buildup in your spine that may be causing pain. You may be given pain medicine along with the steroids.
How do I prepare for an ESI?
Your healthcare provider will talk to you about how to prepare for your procedure. He will tell you what medicines to take or not take on the day of your procedure. You may need to stop taking blood thinners or other medicines several days before your procedure. You may need to adjust any diabetes medicine you take on the day of your procedure. Steroid medicine can increase your blood sugar level.
What will happen during an ESI?
- You will be given medicine to numb the procedure area. You will be awake for the procedure, but you will not feel pain. You may also be given medicine to help you relax during the procedure. Contrast liquid will be used to help your healthcare provider see the area better. Tell the healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid.
- Your healthcare provider may place the needle into your neck area, middle of your back, or tailbone area. He may inject the medicine next to the nerves that are causing your pain. He may instead inject the medicine into a larger area of the epidural space. This helps the medicine spread to more nerves. Your healthcare provider will use a fluoroscope to help guide the needle to the right place. A fluoroscope is a type of x-ray. After the procedure, a bandage will be placed over the injection site to prevent infection.
What are the risks of an ESI?
You may have temporary or permanent nerve damage or paralysis. You may have bleeding or develop a serious infection, such as meningitis (swelling of the brain coverings). An abscess may also develop. An abscess is a pus-filled area under the skin. You may need surgery to fix the abscess. You may have a seizure, anxiety, or trouble sleeping. If you are a man, you may have temporary erectile dysfunction (not able to have an erection).
Care AgreementYou have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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