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Diamode Side Effects

Generic Name: loperamide

Note: This document contains side effect information about loperamide. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Diamode.

For the Consumer

Applies to loperamide: oral capsule, oral capsule liquid filled, oral liquid, oral solution, oral suspension, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable

Along with its needed effects, loperamide (the active ingredient contained in Diamode) may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking loperamide:

Rare

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur while taking loperamide:

Rare

Some side effects of loperamide may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Rare

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to loperamide: compounding powder, oral capsule, oral liquid, oral suspension, oral tablet, oral tablet chewable

General

The most common adverse events were constipation, flatulence, headache, nausea, and dizziness.

Gastrointestinal

Common (1% to 10%): Constipation, nausea, flatulence, dry mouth, abdominal cramp, colic, vomiting, meteorism, abdominal pain

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain upper, dyspepsia

Rare (less than 0.1%): Ileus (including paralytic ileus), megacolon (including toxic megacolon), abdominal distension[Ref]

Nervous system

Common (1% to 10%): Headache, dizziness

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Somnolence

Rare (less than 0.1%): Loss of consciousness, stupor, depressed level of consciousness, hypertonia, coordination abnormality

Postmarketing reports: Syncope[Ref]

Other

Rare (less than 0.1%): Fatigue

Postmarketing reports: Death, tiredness[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

Rare (less than 0.1%): Hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylactic reaction (including anaphylactic shock), anaphylactoid reaction[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Postmarketing reports: QT/QTc prolongation, Torsades de Pointes, other ventricular arrhythmias, cardiac arrest[Ref]

Dermatologic

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Rash

Rare (less than 0.1%): Bullous eruption (including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, and erythema multiforme), angioedema, urticaria, pruritus[Ref]

Genitourinary

Rare (less than 0.1%): Urinary retention[Ref]

Ocular

Rare (less than 0.1%): Miosis

References

1. Brown JW "Toxic megacolon associated with loperamide therapy." JAMA 241 (1979): 501-2

2. Walley T, Milson D "Loperamide related toxic megacolon in Clostridium difficile colitis." Postgrad Med J 66 (1990): 582

3. "Product Information. Loperamide Hydrochloride (loperamide)." Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, North Wales, PA.

4. "Product Information. Imodium (loperamide)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.

5. Olm M, Gonzalez FJ, Garcia-Valdecasas JC, Fuster J, Bertran A, Milla J "Necrotising colitis with perforation in diarrhoic patients treated with loperamide." Eur J Clin Pharmacol 40 (1991): 415-6

6. Katz JP, Sturmann KM "Appendicitis associated with loperamide hydrochloride abuse." Ann Pharmacother 27 (1993): 369-70

7. Ericsson CD, Johnson PC "Safety and efficacy of loperamide." Am J Med 88 (1990): s10-4

8. Hill MA, Greason FC "Loperamide dependence." J Clin Psychiatry 53 (1992): 450

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.

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