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Dexchlorpheniramine

Generic Name: Dexchlorpheniramine maleate
Dosage Form: oral solution

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Dec 1, 2018.

Rx only

Dexchlorpheniramine Description

Each 5 mL (teaspoonful) contains:

Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate, USP 2 mg

Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate, USP, an antihistamine agent, is a white, odorless crystalline powder that is freely soluble in water. The molecular formula is C16H19ClN2 ∙ C4H4O4, designated chemically as (+)-2-[p-Chloro-α-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]benzyl] pyridine maleate (1:1).

M.W. = 390.86

Inactive Ingredients: Citric acid, cherry flavoring, FD&C Red No. 40, glycerin, menthol, methylparaben, propylene glycol, propylparaben, purified water, sodium citrate dihydrate, and sugar.

Dexchlorpheniramine - Clinical Pharmacology

Dexchlorpheniramine maleate is an antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative side effects. Antihistamines appear to compete with histamine for cell receptor sites on effector cells.

Indications and Usage for Dexchlorpheniramine

Perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis
Vasomotor rhinitis
Allergic conjunctivitis due to inhalant allergens and foods
Mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema
Amelioration of allergic reactions to blood or plasma
Dermographism

As therapy for anaphylactic reactions adjunctive to epinephrine and other standard measures after the acute manifestations have been controlled.

Contraindications

Use in Newborn or Premature Infants

This drug should not be used in newborn or premature infants.

Use in Nursing Mothers

Because of the higher risk of antihistamines for infants generally and for newborns and prematures in particular, antihistamine therapy is contraindicated in nursing mothers.

Use in Lower Respiratory Disease

Antihistamines should NOT be used to treat lower respiratory tract symptoms including asthma.

Antihistamines are also contraindicated in the following conditions:

 
Hypersensitivity to Dexchlorpheniramine maleate or other antihistamines of similar chemical structure
 
Monoamine oxidase inhibitor therapy (See Drug Interaction section)

Warnings

Antihistamines should be used with considerable caution in patients with:

 
Narrow angle glaucoma
 
Stenosing peptic ulcer
 
Pyloroduodenal obstruction
 
Symptomatic prostatic hypertrophy
 
Bladder neck obstruction

Use in Children

In infants and children, especially, antihistamines in overdosage may cause hallucinations, convulsions, or death.

As in adults, antihistamines may diminish mental alertness in children. In the young child, particularly, they may produce excitation.

Use in Pregnancy

Experience with this drug in pregnant women is inadequate to determine whether there exists a potential for harm to the developing fetus.

Use with CNS Depressants

Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate Oral Solution, USP has additive effects with alcohol and other CNS depressants (hypnotics, sedatives, tranquilizers, etc.).

Use in Activities Requiring Mental Alertness

Patients should be warned about engaging in activities requiring mental alertness such as driving a car or operating appliances, machinery, etc.

Use in the Elderly (approximately 60 years or older)

Antihistamines are more likely to cause dizziness, sedation, and hypotension in elderly patients.

Precautions

Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate Oral Solution, USP has an atropine-like action and, therefore, should be used with caution in patients with:

History of bronchial asthma
Increased intraocular pressure Hyperthyroidism
Cardiovascular disease
Hypertension

Drug Interaction

MAO inhibitors prolong and intensify the anticholinergic (drying) effects of antihistamines.

Adverse Reactions

  1. General: Urticaria, drug rash, anaphylactic shock, photosensitivity, excessive perspiration, chills, dryness of mouth, nose and the throat.
  2. Cardiovascular System: Hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.
  3. Hematologic System: Hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.
  4. Nervous System: Sedation, sleepiness, dizziness, disturbed coordination, fatigue, confusion, restlessness, excitation, nervousness, tremor, irritability, insomnia, euphoria, paresthesias, blurred vision, diplopia, vertigo, tinnitus, acute labyrinthitis, hysteria, neuritis, convulsions.
  5. G.I. System: Epigastric distress, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation.
  6. G.U. System: Urinary frequency, difficult urination, urinary retention, early menses.
  7. Respiratory System: Thickening of bronchial secretions, tightness of chest and wheezing, nasal stuffiness.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may voluntarily report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. Questions or comments? Call Foxland Pharmaceuticals, Inc. at 1-844-430-7499.

Overdosage

Antihistamine overdosage reactions may vary from central nervous system depression to stimulation. Stimulation is particularly likely in children. Atropine-like signs and symptoms—dry mouth, fixed, dilated pupils, flushing, and gastrointestinal symptoms may also occur.

If vomiting has not occurred spontaneously the patient should be induced to vomit. This is best done by having the patient drink a glass of water or milk after which the patient should be made to gag. Precautions against aspiration must be taken, especially in infants and children.

Saline cathartics, such as milk of magnesia, draw water into the bowel by osmosis and therefore, are valuable for their action in rapid dilution of bowel content.

Stimulants should not be used.

Vasopressors may be used to treat hypotension.

Dexchlorpheniramine Dosage and Administration

DOSAGE SHOULD BE INDIVIDUALIZED ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS AND THE RESPONSE OF THE PATIENT.

Recommended Dosage

Adults and Children 12 years of age and older: 2 mg (1 teaspoonful)

Children 6 to 11 years: 1 mg (1/2 teaspoonful)

Children 2 to 5 years: 0.5 mg (1/4 teaspoonful)

Doses are generally given every 4 to 6 hours.

How is Dexchlorpheniramine Supplied

Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate Oral Solution, USP is supplied as a red colored, cherry flavored liquid in the following sizes:

4 fl oz (118 mL), NDC 69067-102-04
16 fl oz (473 mL), NDC 69067-102-16

RECOMMENDED STORAGE

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP, with child-resistant closure.

Rx Only

Manufactured for:
Foxland Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Trussville, AL 35173

Rev. 10/18
500507-02

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 118 mL Bottle Label

NDC 69067-102-04

Dexchlorpheniramine
Maleate
Oral Solution, USP

2 mg/5 mL

CHERRY FLAVOR

4 fl. oz (118 mL)
Rx Only

Foxland
PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

Dexchlorpheniramine MALEATE 
Dexchlorpheniramine maleate solution
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:69067-102
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate (Dexchlorpheniramine) Dexchlorpheniramine Maleate 2 mg  in 5 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
Citric Acid Monohydrate  
FD&C Red No. 40  
glycerin  
menthol, unspecified form  
methylparaben  
propylene glycol  
propylparaben  
water  
trisodium citrate dihydrate  
sucrose  
Product Characteristics
Color RED Score     
Shape Size
Flavor CHERRY Imprint Code
Contains     
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:69067-102-04 118 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA202520 12/19/2018
Labeler - Foxland Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (079407828)
 
Foxland Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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