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Generic Name: norethindrone
Dosage Form: tablet

Rx Only


Patients should be counseled that oral contraceptives do not protect against transmission of HIV (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as Chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, and syphilis.


Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious cardiovascular side effects from oral contraceptive use. This risk increases with age and with heavy smoking (15 or more cigarettes per day) and is quite marked in women over 35 years of age. Women who use oral contraceptives should be strongly advised not to smoke.

Deblitane Description

Deblitane (Norethindrone tablets, USP). Each yellow, biconvex, round tablet debossed with "K2" on one side contains 0.35 mg norethindrone. Inactive ingredients include polyvinyl alcohol, titanium dioxide, talc, macrogol/polyethylene glycol 3350 NF, D&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminum Lake, lecithin (soya), FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, and pregelatinized starch.

Therapeutic class = oral contraceptive.

USP Dissolution Test is Pending

Deblitane - Clinical Pharmacology

1. Mode of Action

Norethindrone tablets progestin-only oral contraceptives prevent conception by suppressing ovulation in approximately half of users, thickening the cervical mucus to inhibit sperm penetration, lowering the mid-cycle LH and FSH peaks, slowing the movement of the ovum through the fallopian tubes, and altering the endometrium.

2. Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Norethindrone is rapidly absorbed with maximum plasma concentrations occurring within 1 to 2 hours after norethindrone tablets administration (see Table 1). Norethindrone appears to be completely absorbed following oral administration; however, it is subject to first pass metabolism resulting in an absolute bioavailability of approximately 65%.

Peak plasma concentrations occur approximately 1 hour after administration (mean Tmax 1.2 hours). The mean (SD) Cmax was 4816.8 (1532.6) pg/mL and generally occurred within 1 hour (mean) of tablet administration, ranging from 0.5 to 2 hours. The mean (SD) C avg was 885 (250) pg/mL, however, the mean concentration at 24 hrs was 130 (47) pg/mL.

Table 1 provides summary statistics of the pharmacokinetic parameters associated with single dose norethindrone tablets administration.

The food effect on the rate and extent of norethindrone absorption after norethindrone tablets administration have not been evaluated.

Distribution: Following oral administration, norethindrone is 36% bound to sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and 61% bound to albumin. Volume of distribution of norethindrone is approximately 4 L/kg.

Metabolism: Norethindrone undergoes extensive biotransformation, primarily via reduction, followed by sulfate and glucuronide conjugation; less than 5% of a norethindrone dose is excreted unchanged; greater than 50% and 20 to 40% of a dose is excreted in urine and feces, respectively. The majority of metabolites in the circulation are sulfate, with glucuronides accounting for most of the urinary metabolites.

Excretion: Plasma clearance rate for norethindrone has been estimated to be approximately 600 L/day. Norethindrone is excreted in both urine and feces, primarily as metabolites. The mean terminal elimination half-life of norethindrone following single dose administration of norethindrone tablet is approximately 8 hours.

Indications and Usage for Deblitane

1. Indications. Progestin-only oral contraceptives are indicated for the prevention of pregnancy.

2. Efficacy. If used perfectly, the first-year failure rate for progestin-only oral contraceptives is 0.5%. However, the typical failure rate is estimated to be closer to 5%, due to late or omitted pills. The following table lists the pregnancy rates for users of all major methods of contraception.


Progestin-only oral contraceptives tablets should not be used by women who currently have the following conditions:

  • Known or suspected pregnancy
  • Known or suspected carcinoma of the breast
  • Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding
  • Hypersensitivity to any component of this product
  • Benign or malignant liver tumors
  • Acute liver disease


Cigarette smoking greatly increases the possibility of suffering heart attacks and strokes. Women who use oral contraceptives are strongly advised not to smoke.

Norethindrone tablets does not contain estrogen and, therefore, this insert does not discuss the serious health risks that have been associated with the estrogen component of combined oral contraceptives. The health care provider is referred to the prescribing information of combined oral contraceptives for a discussion of those risks, including, but not limited to, an increased risk of serious cardiovascular disease in women who smoke, carcinoma of the breast and reproductive organs, hepatic neoplasia, and changes in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. The relationship between progestin-only oral contraceptives and these risks have not been established and there are no studies definitely linking progestin-only pill (POP) use to an increased risk of heart attack or stroke.

The physician should remain alert to the earliest manifestation of symptoms of any serious disease and discontinue oral contraceptive therapy when appropriate.

1. Ectopic Pregnancy

The incidence of ectopic pregnancies for progestin-only oral contraceptive users is 5 per 1000 woman-years. Up to 10% of pregnancies reported in clinical studies of progestin-only oral contraceptive users are extrauterine. Although symptoms of ectopic pregnancy should be watched for, a history of ectopic pregnancy need not be considered a contraindication to use of this contraceptive method. Health providers should be alert to the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy in women who become pregnant or complain of lower abdominal pain while on progestin-only oral contraceptives.

2. Delayed Follicular Atresia/Ovarian Cysts

If follicular development occurs, atresia of the follicle is sometimes delayed, and the follicle may continue to grow beyond the size it would attain in a normal cycle. Generally these enlarged follicles disappear spontaneously. Often they are asymptomatic; in some cases they are associated with mild abdominal pain. Rarely they may twist or rupture, requiring surgical intervention.

3. Irregular Genital Bleeding

Irregular menstrual patterns are common among women using progestin-only oral contraceptives. If genital bleeding is suggestive of infection, malignancy or other abnormal conditions, such nonpharmacologic causes should be ruled out. If prolonged amenorrhea occurs, the possibility of pregnancy should be evaluated.

4. Carcinoma of the Breast and Reproductive Organs

Some epidemiologic studies of oral contraceptive users have reported an increased relative risk of developing breast cancer, particularly at a younger age and apparently related to duration of use. These studies have predominantly involved combined oral contraceptives and there is insufficient data to determine whether the use of POPs similarly increase the risk. Women with breast cancer should not use oral contraceptives because the role of female hormone in breast cancer has not been fully determined.

Some studies suggest that oral contraceptive use has been associated with an increase in the risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in some populations of women. However, there continues to be controversy about the extent to which such findings may be due to differences in sexual behavior and other factors. There is insufficient data to determine whether the use of POPs increases the risk of developing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

5. Hepatic Neoplasia

Benign hepatic adenomas are associated with combined oral contraceptive use, although the incidence of benign tumors is rare in the United States. Rupture of benign, hepatic adenomas may cause death through intraabdominal hemorrhage.

Studies from Britain and the U.S. have shown an increased risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma in combined oral contraceptive users. However, these cancers are rare. There is insufficient data to determine whether POPs increase the risk of developing hepatic neoplasia.


1. General

Patients should be counseled that oral contraceptives do not protect against transmission of HIV (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as Chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, and syphilis.

2. Physical Examination and Follow Up

It is considered good medical practice for sexually active women using oral contraceptives to have annual history and physical examinations. The physical examination may be deferred until after initiation of oral contraceptives if requested by the woman and judged appropriate by the clinician.

3. Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism

Some users may experience slight deterioration in glucose tolerance, with increases in plasma insulin, but women with diabetes mellitus who use progestin-only oral contraceptives do not generally experience changes in their insulin requirements. Nonetheless, prediabetic and diabetic women in particular should be carefully monitored while taking POPs.

Lipid metabolism is occasionally affected in that HDL, HDL2, and apolipoprotein A-I and A-II may be decreased; hepatic lipase may be increased. There is no effect on total cholesterol, HDL3, LDL, or VLDL.

4. Drug Interactions

Change in contraceptive effectiveness associated with coadministration of other products:

a. Anti-infective agents and anticonvulsants. Contraceptive effectiveness may be reduced when hormonal contraceptives are coadministered with antibiotics, anticonvulsants, and other drugs that increase the metabolism of contraceptive steroids. This could result in unintended pregnancy or breakthrough bleeding. Examples include rifampin, barbiturates, phenylbutazone, phenytoin, carbamazepine, felbamate, oxcarbazepine, topiramate, and griseofulvin.

b. Anti-HIV protease inhibitors. Several of the anti-HIV protease inhibitors have been studied with coadministration of oral contraceptives; significant changes (increase and decrease) in the plasma levels of the estrogen and progestin have been noted in some cases. The safety and efficacy of OC products may be affected with the coadministration of anti-HIV protease inhibitors. Health care providers should refer to the label of the individual anti-HIV protease inhibitors for further drug-drug interaction information.

c. Herbal products. Herbal products containing St. John's Wort (hypericum perforatum) may induce hepatic enzymes (cytochrome P450) and p-glycoprotein transporter and may reduce the effectiveness of contraceptive steroids. This may also result in breakthrough bleeding.

5. Interactions with Laboratory Tests

The following endocrine tests may be affected by progestin-only oral contraceptive use:

  • Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) concentrations may be decreased.
  • Thyroxine concentrations may be decreased, due to a decrease in thyroid binding globulin (TBG).

6. Carcinogenesis

See WARNINGS section.

7. Pregnancy

Many studies have found no effects on fetal development associated with long-term use of contraceptive doses of oral progestins. The few studies of infant growth and development that have been conducted have not demonstrated significant adverse effects. It is nonetheless prudent to rule out suspected pregnancy before initiating any hormonal contraceptive use.

8. Nursing Mothers

Small amounts of progestin pass into the breast milk, resulting in steroid levels in infant plasma of 1 to 6% of the levels of maternal plasma.6 However, isolated post-market cases of decreased milk production have been reported in POPs. Very rarely, adverse effects in the infant/child have been reported, including jaundice.

9. Fertility Following Discontinuation

The limited available data indicate a rapid return of normal ovulation and fertility following discontinuation of progestin-only oral contraceptives.

10. Headache/Migraine

If you have a headache or a worsening migraine headache with a new pattern that is recurrent, persistent, or severe, this requires discontinuation of oral contraceptives and evaluation of the cause.

11. Gastrointestinal

Diarrhea and/or vomiting may reduce hormone absorption resulting in decreased serum concentrations.

12. Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy of norethindrone tablets have been established in women of reproductive age. Safety and efficacy are expected to be the same for postpubertal adolescents under the age of 16 and for users 16 years and older. Use of this product before menarche is not indicated.


1. See PATIENT LABELING for detailed information.

2. Counseling issues. The following points should be discussed with prospective users before prescribing progestin-only oral contraceptives:

  • The necessity of taking pills at the same time every day, including throughout all bleeding episodes.
  • The need to use a backup method such as condoms and spermicides for the next 48 hours whenever a progestin-only oral contraceptive is taken 3 or more hours late.
  • The potential side effects of progestin-only oral contraceptives, particularly menstrual irregularities.
  • The need to inform the clinician of prolonged episodes of bleeding, amenorrhea or severe abdominal pain.
  • The importance of using a barrier method in addition to progestin-only oral contraceptives if a woman is at risk of contracting or transmitting STDs/HIV.

Adverse Reactions

  • Menstrual irregularity is the most frequently reported side effect.
  • Frequent and irregular bleeding are common, while long duration of bleeding episodes and amenorrhea are less likely.
  • Headache, breast tenderness, nausea, and dizziness are increased among progestin-only oral contraceptive users in some studies.
  • Androgenic side effects such as acne, hirsutism, and weight gain occur rarely.


There have been no reports of serious ill effects from overdosage, including ingestion by children.

Deblitane Dosage and Administration

To achieve maximum contraceptive effectiveness, norethindrone tablets must be taken exactly as directed. One tablet is taken every day, at the same time. Administration is continuous, with no interruption between pill packs. See PATIENT LABELING for detailed instructions.

How is Deblitane Supplied

Deblitane Tablets are available in a compact blister card (NDC 16714-440-01) containing 28 yellow tablets each containing 0.35 mg of the progestational compound, Norethindrone. The round, biconvex, unscored tablets are debossed with “K2” on one side with the other side plain.

Deblitane Tablets are available in the following configurations:
Carton of 1 NDC 16714-440-02
Carton of 3 NDC 16714-440-03
Carton of 6 NDC 16714-440-04


Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]



Patients should be counseled that oral contraceptives do not protect against transmission of HIV (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as Chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, hepatitis B, and syphilis.


This leaflet is about birth control pills that contain one hormone, a progestin. Please read this leaflet before you begin to take your pills. It is meant to be used along with talking with your doctor or clinic.

Progestin-only pills are often called "POPs" or "the minipill." POPs have less progestin than the combined birth control pill (or "the pill") which contains both an estrogen and a progestin.


About 1 in 200 (0.5%) POPs users will get pregnant in the first year if they all take POPs perfectly (that is, on time, every day). About 1 in 20 (5%) "typical" POPs users (including women who are late taking pills or miss pills) gets pregnant in the first year of use. The following table will help you compare the efficacy of different methods.


  • They make the cervical mucus at the entrance to the womb (the uterus) too thick for the sperm to get through to the egg.
  • They prevent ovulation (release of the egg from the ovary) in about half the time.
  • They also affect other hormones, the fallopian tubes and the lining of the uterus.


  • If there is any chance you may be pregnant.
  • If you have breast cancer.
  • If you have bleeding between your periods which has not been diagnosed.
  • If you are taking certain drugs for epilepsy (seizures) or for TB. (See USING POPSWITH OTHER MEDICINES below.)
  • If you are hypersensitive or allergic to any component of this product.
  • If you have liver tumors, either benign or cancerous.
  • If you have acute liver disease.


WARNING: If you have sudden or severe pain in your lower abdomen or stomach area, you may have an ectopic pregnancy or an ovarian cyst. If this happens, you should contact your doctor or clinic immediately.

1. Ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy outside the womb. Because POPs protect against pregnancy, the chance of having pregnancy outside the womb is very low. If you do get pregnant while taking POPs, you have a slightly higher chance that the pregnancy will be ectopic than do users of some other birth control methods.

2. Ovarian cysts. These cysts are small sacs of fluid in the ovary. They are more common among POP users than among users of most other birth control methods. They usually disappear without treatment and rarely cause problems.

3. Cancer of the reproductive organs and breasts. Some studies in women who use combined oral contraceptives that contain both estrogen and a progestin have reported an increase in the risk of developing breast cancer, particularly at a younger age and apparently related to duration of use. There is insufficient data to determine whether the use of POPs similarly increases this risk.

Some studies have found an increase in the incidence of cancer of the cervix in women who use oral contraceptives. However, this finding may be related to factors other than the use of oral contraceptives and there is insufficient data to determine whether the use of POPs increases the risk of developing cancer of the cervix.

4. Liver tumors. In rare cases, combined oral contraceptives can cause benign but dangerous liver tumors. These benign liver tumors can rupture and cause fatal internal bleeding. In addition, a possible but not definite association has been found with combined oral contraceptives and liver cancers in studies in which a few women who developed these very rare cancers were found to have used combined oral contraceptives for long periods of time. There is insufficient data to determine whether POPs increase the risk of liver tumors.


WARNING: POPs do not protect against getting or giving someone HIV (AIDS) or any other STD, such as Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital warts or herpes.


1. Irregular bleeding. The most common side effect of POPs is a change in menstrual bleeding. Your periods may be either early or late, and you may have some spotting between periods. Taking pills late or missing pills can also result in some spotting or bleeding.

2. Other side effects. Less common side effects include headaches, tender breasts, nausea and dizziness. Weight gain, acne and extra hair on your face and body have been reported, but are rare.

If you are concerned about any of these side effects, check with your doctor or clinic.


Before taking a POP, inform your health care provider of any other medication, including over-the-counter medicine, that you may be taking.

If you are taking medicines for seizures (epilepsy) or tuberculosis (TB), tell your doctor or clinic. These medicines can make POPs less effective:

Medicines for seizures:

• Phenytoin (Dilantin® )

• Carbamazepine (Tegretol ®)

• Phenobarbital

Medicine for TB:

• Rifampin (Rifampicin)

Before you begin taking any new medicines be sure your doctor or clinic knows you are taking birth control pills that contain a progestin.


  • POPs must be taken at the same time every day, so choose a time and then take the pill at the same time every day. Every time you take a pill late, and especially if you miss a pill, you are more likely to get pregnant.
  • Start the next pack the day after the last pack is finished. There is no break between packs. Always have your next pack of pills ready.
  • You may have some menstrual spotting between periods. Do not stop taking your pills if this happens.
  • If you vomit soon after taking a pill, use a backup method (such as condom and/or spermicide) for 48 hours.
  • If you want to stop taking POPs, you can do so at any time, but, if you remain sexually active and don't wish to become pregnant, be certain to use another birth control method.
  • If you are not sure about how to take POPs, ask your doctor or clinic.
  • It's best to take your first POP on the first day of your menstrual period.
  • If you decide to take your first POP on another day, use a backup method (such as condom and/or spermicide) every time you have sex during the next 48 hours.
  • If you have had a miscarriage or an abortion, you can start POPs the next day.

• If you are more than 3 hours late or you miss one or more POPs:

1. TAKE a missed pill as soon as you remember that you missed it,

2. THEN go back to taking POPs at your regular time,

3. BUT be sure to use a backup method (such as condom and/or spermicide) every time you have sex for the next 48 hours.

• If you are not sure what to do about the pills you have missed, keep taking POPs and use a backup method until you can talk to your doctor or clinic.

  • If you are fully breastfeeding (not giving your baby any food or formula), you may start your pills 6 weeks after delivery.
  • If you are partially breastfeeding (giving your baby some food or formula), you should start taking pills by 3 weeks after delivery.
  • If you are switching from the combined pills to POPs, take the first POP the day after you finish the last active combined pill. Do not take any of the 7 inactive pills from the combined pill pack. You should know that many women have irregular periods after switching to POPs, but this is normal and to be expected.
  • If you are switching from POPs to the combined pills, take the first active combined pill on the first day of your period, even if your POPs pack is not finished.
  • If you switch to another brand of POPs, start the new brand anytime.
  • If you are breastfeeding, you can switch to another method of birth control at any time, except do not switch to the combined pills until you stop breastfeeding or at least until 6 months after delivery.

If you become pregnant, or think you might be, stop taking POPs and contact your physician. Even though research has shown that POPs do not cause harm to the unborn baby, it is always best not to take any drugs or medicines that you don't need when you are pregnant.

You should get a pregnancy test:

  • If your period is late and you took one or more pills late or missed taking them and had sex without a backup method.
  • Anytime you miss 2 periods in a row.

If you want to become pregnant, simply stop taking POPs. POPs will not delay your ability to get pregnant.


If you are breastfeeding, POPs will not affect the quality or amount of your breast milk or the health of your nursing baby. However, isolated cases of decreased milk production have been reported. If you suspect that you are not producing enough milk for your baby, contact your doctor or clinic.


No serious problems have been reported when many pills were taken by accident, even by a small child, so there is usually no reason to treat an overdose.


WARNING: Cigarette smoking greatly increases the possibility of suffering heart attacks and strokes. Women who use oral contraceptives are strongly advised not to smoke.

Diabetic women taking POPs do not generally require changes in the amount of insulin they are taking. However, your physician may monitor you more closely under these conditions.

If you have any questions or concerns, check with your doctor or clinic. You can also ask for the more detailed "professional package labeling" written for doctors and other health care providers.


Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

This product's label may have been updated. For current package insert and further product information, contact Northstar Rx LLC toll-free at 1-800-206-7821.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Northstar Rx LLC. Toll-Free at 1-800-206-7821 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or

Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.

Manufactured for:

Northstar Rx LLC

Memphis, TN 38141

Manufactured by:

Novast Laboratories Ltd.

Nantong, China 226009

Iss. 09/2013


Deblitane (Norethindrone Tablet USP, 0.35 mg)

norethindrone kit
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:16714-440
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:16714-440-01 1 BLISTER PACK in 1 PACKET
2 NDC:16714-440-02 1 BLISTER PACK in 1 CARTON
3 NDC:16714-440-03 3 BLISTER PACK in 1 CARTON
4 NDC:16714-440-04 6 BLISTER PACK in 1 CARTON
Quantity of Parts
Part # Package Quantity Total Product Quantity
Part 1 28 
Part 1 of 1
norethindrone tablet
Product Information
Route of Administration ORAL DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
FD&C RED NO. 40  
Product Characteristics
Color YELLOW Score no score
Shape ROUND Size 5mm
Flavor Imprint Code K2
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA202014 09/13/2013
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
ANDA ANDA202014 09/13/2013
Labeler - Northstar Rx LLC (830546433)
Registrant - Novast Laboratories, Ltd. (527695995)
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Novast Laboratories, Ltd. 527695995 MANUFACTURE(16714-440)
Revised: 05/2016
Northstar Rx LLC