Generic Name: estradiol (injection) (ESS tra DYE ol)
Brand Name: Depo-Estradiol
What is Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection)?
Estradiol is a form of estrogen, a female sex hormone that regulates many processes in the body.
Estradiol injection is used to treat certain symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness, burning, or irritation. It is also used to treat a lack of estrogen that is caused by ovarian failure or a condition called hypogonadism.
Some forms of estradiol injection are used in men to treat the symptoms of prostate cancer.
Estradiol injection may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection)?
You should not use estradiol if you have any of the following conditions: liver disease, a bleeding disorder, unusual vaginal bleeding, a history of breast or uterine cancer, or if you have ever had a heart attack, stroke, or a blood clot.
Do not use if you are pregnant.
Estradiol should not be used to prevent heart disease, stroke, or dementia, because this medicine may actually increase your risk of developing these conditions. Long-term use may increase your risk of breast cancer, uterine cancer, heart attack, stroke, or blood clot.
Call your doctor at once if you have any unusual vaginal bleeding while using this medicine.
What should I discuss with my health care provider before using Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection)?
You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to estradiol, if you are pregnant, or if you have:
a bleeding or blood-clotting disorder;
a recent history of heart attack, stroke, or blood clot;
unusual vaginal bleeding that a doctor has not checked; or
any type of breast, uterine, or hormone-dependent cancer.
Estradiol should not be used to prevent heart disease, stroke, or dementia, because this medicine may actually increase your risk of developing these conditions.
To make sure estradiol is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
risk factors for coronary artery disease (such as diabetes, lupus, smoking, being overweight, having high blood pressure or high cholesterol, having a family history of coronary artery disease, or if you have had a hysterectomy);
hereditary angioedema (an immune system disorder);
a history of jaundice caused by pregnancy or birth control pills;
a thyroid disorder;
epilepsy or other seizure disorder;
porphyria (a genetic enzyme disorder that causes symptoms affecting the skin or nervous system);
endometriosis or uterine fibroid tumors;
gallbladder disease; or
high or low levels of calcium in your blood.
Estradiol may increase your risk of developing a condition that may lead to uterine cancer. Your doctor may prescribe a progestin to take while you are using estradiol, to help lower this risk. Report any unusual vaginal bleeding right away.
Long-term use of estradiol may increase your risk of breast cancer, heart attack, stroke, or blood clot. Talk with your doctor about your individual risks before using estradiol long term.
FDA pregnancy category X. Do not use estradiol if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant during treatment. Use effective birth control while you are using this medicine.
Estradiol can pass into breast milk. This medication may slow breast milk production. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should I use Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection)?
Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
Estradiol is injected into a muscle. You may be shown how to use injections at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of used needles and syringes.
This medicine is usually given once every 2 to 4 weeks, depending on the condition being treated. Follow your doctor's instructions.
Prepare your dose only when you are ready to give an injection. Do not use if the medicine has changed colors or has particles in it. Call your pharmacist for new medicine.
Use a disposable needle only once. Follow any state or local laws about throwing away used needles and syringes. Use a puncture-proof "sharps" disposal container (ask your pharmacist where to get one and how to throw it away). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.
If you need surgery or medical tests or if you will be on bed rest, you may need to stop using this medicine for a short time. Any doctor or surgeon who treats you should know that you are using estradiol.
Your doctor should check your progress on a regular basis (every 3 to 6 months) to determine whether you should continue this treatment. Self-examine your breasts for lumps on a monthly basis while using estradiol.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Call your doctor for instructions if you miss an appointment for your estradiol injection.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while using Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection)?
Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with estradiol and lead to unwanted side effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.
Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection) side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
chest pain or heavy feeling, pain spreading to the jaw or shoulder, nausea, sweating, general ill feeling;
sudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body), sudden severe headache, slurred speech, problems with vision or balance;
sudden cough, wheezing, rapid breathing, coughing up blood;
pain, swelling, warmth, or redness in one or both legs;
swelling or tenderness in your stomach;
jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
unusual vaginal bleeding;
a lump in your breast;
fluid retention (swelling, rapid weight gain);
high levels of calcium in your blood--numbness or tingly feeling around your mouth, fast or slow heart rate, muscle tightness or contraction, overactive reflexes; or
dangerously high blood pressure--severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath, uneven heartbeats, seizure.
Common side effects may include:
vaginal itching or discharge, changes in your menstrual periods, light vaginal bleeding or spotting;
thinning scalp hair; or
nausea, vomiting, bloating, stomach cramps.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect Depo-Estradiol (estradiol injection)?
Other drugs may interact with estradiol, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell each of your health care providers about all medicines you use now and any medicine you start or stop using.
More about Depo-Estradiol (estradiol)
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about estradiol injection.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
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