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Dexamethasone (intraocular)

Generic Name: dexamethasone (intraocular) (DEX a METH a sone (IN tra OK ue lar))
Brand Name: Dexycu, Ozurdex

Medically reviewed by on Jun 16, 2019 – Written by Cerner Multum

What is dexamethasone intraocular?

Dexamethasone is a steroid used to treat inflammation. Intraocular dexamethasone is injected into the eye by a healthcare professional.

Dexycu is a liquid that is injected into the eye to treat or prevent eye inflammation after cataract surgery.

Ozurdex is a dissolving implant that is injected into the eye to treat swelling that may occur when there is a blockage of certain blood vessels in your eyes. Ozurdex is also used to treat posterior uveitis (inflammation that affects the back part of the eye).

Dexamethasone intraocular may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Important Information

You should not be treated with Ozurdex if you have an eye infection, advanced glaucoma, or a history of eye ulcer, surgery, or trauma that has injured or ruptured the lens in your eye.

Before taking this medicine

You should not be treated with dexamethasone if you are allergic to it.

You also should not receive the Ozurdex intravitreal implant if you have:

  • an eye infection;

  • advanced glaucoma; or

  • a history of eye ulcer, surgery, or trauma that has injured or ruptured the lens in your eye.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • glaucoma;

  • a detached retina; or

  • a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection of the eyes.

dexamethasone can worsen or reactivate an eye infection you already have or have recently had (including herpes infection of the eyes).

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

How is dexamethasone intraocular given?

Dexamethasone intraocular will be injected into your eye by healthcare professional in a clinic setting.

After this medicine has been injected, you will be watched closely for any swelling, inflammation, or increased pressure in your eye.

Dexamethasone intraocular can increase pressure inside your eyes. You may need medication or other treatments to keep this pressure from getting too high. Follow your doctor's instructions.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Dexamethasone intraocular does not have a daily dosing schedule.

What happens if I overdose?

Since the dexamethasone intraocular implant contains a specific amount of the medicine, you are not likely to receive an overdose.

What should I avoid after receiving dexamethasone intraocular?

dexamethasone may cause blurred vision and may impair your reactions. Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you are able to see clearly.

Dexamethasone intraocular side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • vision problems, eye pain, or seeing halos around lights;

  • eye redness, increased sensitivity of your eyes to light; or

  • vision changes.

Repeat treatments with Ozurdex may cause you to develop cataracts, which can affect your vision and may require surgical treatment. Your doctor will determine how often to treat you with this medicine.

Common side effects may include:

  • seeing "floaters" in your vision;

  • blurred vision;

  • eye pain;

  • feeling like something is in your eye;

  • eyelid swelling;

  • dry eyes; or

  • your eyes may be more sensitive to light.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect dexamethasone intraocular?

Medicine used in the eyes is not likely to be affected by other drugs you use. But many drugs can interact with each other. Tell each of your healthcare providers about all medicines you use, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

Further information

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.