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Maxidex

Generic Name: dexamethasone
Dosage Form: ophthalmic suspension

DESCRIPTION

Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension) 0.1% is an adrenocortical steroid prepared as a sterile topical ophthalmic suspension. The active ingredient is represented by the chemical structure:

Chemical name: Pregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione,9-fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methyl-,(11β,16α)-.

Each mL contains: Active: dexamethasone 0.1%. Preservative: benzalkonium chloride 0.01%. Vehicle: hypromellose 0.5%. Inactives: sodium chloride, dibasic sodium phosphate, polysorbate 80, edetate disodium, citric acid and/or sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH), purified water.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Dexamethasone suppresses the inflammatory response to a variety of agents and it probably delays or slows healing.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

Steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea, and anterior segment of the globe such as allergic conjunctivitis, acne rosacea, superficial punctate keratitis, herpes zoster keratitis, iritis, cyclitis, selected infective conjunctivitides when the inherent hazard of steroid use is accepted to obtain an advisable diminution in edema and inflammation; corneal injury from chemical, radiation, or thermal burns, or penetration of foreign bodies.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

Contraindicated in acute, untreated bacterial infections; mycobacterial ocular infections; epithelial herpes simplex (dendritic keratitis); vaccinia, varicella, and most other viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva; fungal disease of ocular structures; and in those persons who have shown hypersensitivity to any component of this preparation.

WARNINGS

Prolonged use may result in ocular hypertension and/or glaucoma, with damage to the optic nerve, defects in visual acuity and fields of vision, and posterior subcapsular cataract formation. Prolonged use may suppress the host response and thus increase the hazard of secondary ocular infections. In acute purulent conditions or parasitic infections of the eye, corticosteroids may mask infection or enhance existing infection. In those diseases causing thinning of the cornea or sclera, perforations have been known to occur with the use of topical corticosteroids. If these products are used for 10 days or longer, intraocular pressure should be routinely monitored even though it may be difficult in children and uncooperative patients.

Employment of corticosteroid medication in the treatment of herpes simplex other than epithelial herpes simplex keratitis, in which it is contraindicated, requires great caution; periodic slit-lamp microscopy is essential.

PRECAUTIONS

General

FOR TOPICAL OPHTHALMIC USE. The possibility of persistent fungal infections of the cornea should be considered after prolonged corticosteroid dosing.

Information for Patients

Do not touch dropper tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the contents. The preservative in Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension), benzalkonium chloride, may be absorbed by soft contact lenses. Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension) should not be administered while wearing soft contact lenses.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or the effect on fertility of Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension).

Pregnancy

Dexamethasone has been shown to be teratogenic in mice and rabbits following topical ophthalmic application in multiples of the therapeutic dose. In the mouse, corticosteroids produce fetal resorptions and a specific abnormality, cleft palate. In the rabbit, corticosteroids have produced fetal resorptions and multiple abnormalities involving the head, ears, limbs, palate, etc.

Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension) should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit to the mother justifies the potential risk to the embryo or fetus. There are no adequate or well-controlled studies in pregnant women. However, prolonged or repeated corticoid use during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of intra-uterine growth retardation. Infants born of mothers who have received substantial doses of corticosteroids during pregnancy should be observed carefully for signs of hypoadrenalism.

Nursing Mothers

Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension) is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of Maxidex have been established in the pediatric patients. Use of Maxidex in all pediatric age groups is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies of Maxidex in adults with safety data from additional adequate and well controlled trials in pediatric patients.

Geriatric Use

No overall differences in safety or effectiveness have been observed between elderly and younger patients.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Glaucoma with optic nerve damage, visual acuity and field defects; cataract formation; secondary ocular infection following suppression of host response; and perforation of the globe may occur.

Clinical Studies Experience

In clinical studies with Maxidex, the most frequently reports adverse reactions were ocular discomfort occurring in approximately 10% of the patients and eye irritation occurring in approximately 1% of the patients. All other adverse reactions from these studies occurred with a frequency less than 1% including keratitis, conjunctivitis, dry eye, photophobia, blurred vision, eye pruritis, foreign body sensation, increased lacrimation, abnormal ocular sensation, eyelid margin crusting, and ocular hyperemia.

Postmarketing Experience

Additional adverse reactions identified from post-marketing use include corneal erosion, dizziness, eye pain, eyelid ptosis, headache, hypersensitivity reactions, and mydriasis. Frequencies cannot be estimated from the available data.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING. One or two drops topically in the conjunctival sac(s). In severe disease, drops may be used hourly, being tapered to discontinuation as the inflammation subsides. In mild disease, drops may be used up to four to six times daily.

HOW SUPPLIED

Maxidex® (dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension) in plastic DROP-TAINER® dispensers:

5 mL NDC 0998-0615-05

STORAGE: Store upright at 8°C to 25°C (46°F-77°F).

Rx Only

© 2003, 2007, 2015, 2017 Alcon, Inc.

Distributed by:
Alcon Laboratories, Inc.

Fort Worth, Texas 76134

Alcon®
A Novartis company

T2017-108
November 2017

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

NDC 0998-0615-05

Alcon®
a Novartis company

Maxidex®
(dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension)
0.1%

5 mL Sterile

Rx Only

PRECAUTION: Do not touch dropper tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the suspension.

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING.

See package insert for usage and precaution information.

STORAGE: STORE UPRIGHT at 8° - 25°C (46° - 77°F).

FOR TOPICAL OPHTHALMIC USE ONLY.

INGREDIENTS: Each mL contains:
Active:
dexamethasone 0.1%.

Preservative: benzalkonium chloride 0.01%.

Vehicle: hypromellose 2910 0.5%.

Inactive: sodium chloride, dibasic sodium phosphate, polysorbate 80, edetate disodium, citric acid and/or sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH), purified water.

© 2003, 2008, 2015 Novartis

Alcon®
a Novartis company

ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.
Fort Worth, Texas 76134 USA
Printed in USA

9012502-1115

LOT:

EXP.:

NDC 0998-0615-05

Alcon®

Maxidex®
0.1%
(dexamethasone ophthalmic suspension)

Sterile    5 mL

Rx Only

INGREDIENTS: Each mL contains:
Active:
dexamethasone 0.1%.

Preservative: benzalkonium chloride 0.01%.

Vehicle: hypromellose 2910 0.5%.

Inactive: sodium chloride, dibasic sodium phosphate, polysorbate 80, edetate disodium, citric acid and/or sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH), purified water.

PRECAUTION: Do not touch dropper tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the suspension.

SHAKE WELL BEFORE USING.

See package insert for usage and precaution information.

STORAGE: STORE UPRIGHT at 8° - 25°C (46° - 77°F).

FOR TOPICAL OPHTHALMIC USE ONLY.

ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.
Fort Worth, Texas 76134 USA

Printed in USA

H14099-1115

LOT: 

EXP.:

Maxidex 
dexamethasone suspension
Product Information
Product Type HUMAN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABEL Item Code (Source) NDC:0998-0615
Route of Administration OPHTHALMIC DEA Schedule     
Active Ingredient/Active Moiety
Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
DEXAMETHASONE (DEXAMETHASONE) DEXAMETHASONE 1 mg  in 1 mL
Inactive Ingredients
Ingredient Name Strength
BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE  
HYPROMELLOSES  
SODIUM CHLORIDE  
SODIUM PHOSPHATE, DIBASIC  
POLYSORBATE 80  
EDETATE DISODIUM  
CITRIC ACID MONOHYDRATE  
SODIUM HYDROXIDE  
WATER  
Packaging
# Item Code Package Description
1 NDC:0998-0615-05 5 mL in 1 BOTTLE, PLASTIC
Marketing Information
Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
NDA NDA013422 05/15/1966
Labeler - Alcon Laboratories, Inc. (008018525)
Registrant - Alcon Laboratories, Inc. (008018525)
Establishment
Name Address ID/FEI Operations
Alcon Research Ltd 007672236 manufacture(0998-0615)
Revised: 11/2017
 
Alcon Laboratories, Inc.
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