Generic Name: dapagliflozin (DAP a gli FLOE zin)
Brand Name: Farxiga
What is dapagliflozin?
Dapagliflozin is an oral diabetes medicine that helps control blood sugar levels. Dapagliflozin works by helping the kidneys get rid of glucose from your bloodstream.
Dapagliflozin is used together with diet and exercise to treat type 2 diabetes. Dapagliflozin is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
Dapagliflozin may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What is the most important information I should know about dapagliflozin?
You should not use dapagliflozin if you have severe kidney disease, if you are on dialysis, or if you have diabetic ketoacidosis. Dapagliflozin is not for treating type 1 diabetes.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking dapagliflozin?
You should not use dapagliflozin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
severe kidney disease (or if you are on dialysis); or
diabetic ketoacidosis (call your doctor for treatment with insulin).
To make sure dapagliflozin is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
a history of bladder cancer;
congestive heart failure;
low blood pressure;
high cholesterol levels.
if you use insulin or take other oral diabetes medications;
if you are on a low salt diet; or
if you take blood pressure medicine.
It is not known whether dapagliflozin will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
It is not known whether dapagliflozin passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while using this medicine.
Do not give this medicine to anyone under 18 years old without medical advice.
How should I take dapagliflozin?
Dapagliflozin is usually taken once per day in the morning. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.
You may take dapagliflozin with or without food, but take it the same way each time.
Your blood sugar will need to be checked often, and you may need other medical tests at your doctor's office.
You may have very low blood pressure while taking this medicine. Call your doctor if you are sick with vomiting or diarrhea, if you consume less food or fluid than usual, or if you are sweating more than usual.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can happen to everyone who has diabetes. Symptoms include headache, hunger, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky. To quickly treat low blood sugar, always keep a fast-acting source of sugar with you such as fruit juice, hard candy, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda.
Your doctor can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection kit to use in case you have severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink. Be sure your family and close friends know how to give you this injection in an emergency.
Also watch for signs of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) such as increased thirst or urination, blurred vision, headache, and tiredness.
Blood sugar levels can be affected by stress, illness, surgery, exercise, alcohol use, or skipping meals. Ask your doctor before changing your dose or medication schedule.
This medicine can cause positive results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using dapagliflozin.
Dapagliflozin is only part of a treatment program that may also include diet, exercise, weight control, regular blood sugar testing, and special medical care. Follow your doctor's instructions very closely.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while taking dapagliflozin?
Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Get up slowly and steady yourself to prevent a fall.
Dapagliflozin side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
a light-headed feeling, like you might pass out;
blood in your urine, bright red urine, painful or difficult urination, urinating more than usual;
ketoacidosis (too much acid in the blood)--nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, confusion, unusual drowsiness, or trouble breathing;
dehydration symptoms--feeling very thirsty or hot, being unable to urinate, heavy sweating, or hot and dry skin;
kidney problems--little or no urinating; swelling in your feet or ankles; feeling tired or short of breath;
signs of a bladder infection--pain or burning when you urinate, urine that looks cloudy, pain in pelvis or back; or
signs of a genital infection (penis or vagina)--pain, burning, itching, rash, redness, odor, or discharge.
Side effects may be more likely to occur in older adults.
Common side effects may include:
sore throat, stuffy nose, flu symptoms;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
Dapagliflozin dosing information
Usual Adult Dose for Diabetes Type 2:
Initial dose: 5 mg orally once a day
Maximum dose: May increase to 10 mg orally once a day in patients tolerating therapy with 5 mg/day and requiring additional glycemic control
-If used in combination with insulin or an insulin secretagogue, a lower dose of insulin or the insulin secretagogue should be considered to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia.
Use: As an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
What other drugs will affect dapagliflozin?
Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially:
a diuretic or "water pill";
heart or blood pressure medication; or
an NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug) such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.
This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with dapagliflozin, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.
More about dapagliflozin
- Other brands: Farxiga
Related treatment guides
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist can provide more information about dapagliflozin.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 2.04.
Date modified: November 30, 2016
Last reviewed: July 13, 2016