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Ipratropium Inhalation Solution (ipratropium) Disease Interactions

There are 2 disease interactions with Ipratropium Inhalation Solution (ipratropium):

Moderate

Inhaled Anticholinergic Agents (Includes Ipratropium Inhalation Solution) ↔ Anticholinergic Effects

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Urinary Retention, Glaucoma (Narrow Angle)

Aclidinium, ipratropium, and tiotropium are anticholinergic agents. Although systemic effects are uncommon due to the poor absorption of quaternary ammonium compounds from gastrointestinal and nasal mucosa, worsening of urinary retention or angle-closure glaucoma has been reported. Increased intraocular pressure and precipitation or exacerbation of angle-closure glaucoma may also occur due to inadvertent contact of the eye with aerosolized or nebulized drug. Accordingly, therapy with quaternary ammonium compounds should be administered cautiously in patients with urinary retention/obstruction or angle-closure glaucoma. Measures should be taken whenever possible to minimize ocular exposure to these drugs, such as keeping eyes closed during oral inhalation or use of a mouthpiece rather than face mask during nebulization. Patients should be advised to contact their physician if they experience urinary difficulty or signs and symptoms of angle-closure glaucoma (e.g., eye pain or discomfort; blurred vision; visual halos; colored images in association with red eyes from conjunctival congestion or corneal edema).

References

  1. Massey KL, Gotz VP "Ipratropium bromide." Drug Intell Clin Pharm 19 (1985): 5-12
  2. Gross NJ "Ipratropium bromide." N Engl J Med 319 (1988): 486-94
  3. Milford CA, Mugliston TA, Lund VJ, Mackay IS "Long-term safety and efficacy study of intranasal ipratropium bromide." J Laryngol Otol 104 (1990): 123-5
View all 9 references
Moderate

Inhaled Anticholinergic Agents (Includes Ipratropium Inhalation Solution) ↔ Tachycardia

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Tachyarrhythmia, Arrhythmias

Cases of supraventricular tachycardia and atrial fibrillation have been reported with the use of inhaled anticholinergic agents in patients with COPD/Asthma.

Ipratropium Inhalation Solution (ipratropium) drug Interactions

There are 363 drug interactions with Ipratropium Inhalation Solution (ipratropium)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2016 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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