roflumilast (Oral route)
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Respiratory Agent
Pharmacologic Class: Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor
Uses For roflumilast
Roflumilast is used to prevent the symptoms (flare-ups) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
roflumilast is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using roflumilast
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For roflumilast, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to roflumilast or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of roflumilast in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of roflumilast in the elderly.
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking roflumilast, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using roflumilast with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Using roflumilast with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Ethinyl Estradiol
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of roflumilast. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Depression, history of or
- Mental illness, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Liver disease, moderate to severe—Should not be used in patients with this condition.
Proper Use of roflumilast
Take roflumilast exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.
roflumilast comes with a Medication Guide. It is very important that you read and understand this information. Be sure to ask your doctor about anything you do not understand.
You may take roflumilast with or without food.
The dose of roflumilast will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of roflumilast. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (tablets):
- For prevention of COPD:
- Adults—One 500 microgram (mcg) tablet per day.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For prevention of COPD:
If you miss a dose of roflumilast, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using roflumilast
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it.
roflumilast is used to prevent acute flare-ups of COPD. It is not used to stop a flare-up that has already started. You should use an inhaled medicine for the acute flare-ups that will work quickly to help you breathe better. If you do not have an inhaled medicine for acute COPD flare-ups, or if you have any questions about this, check with your doctor.
roflumilast may cause some people to be agitated or display other abnormal behaviors, such as feeling sad or hopeless, getting upset easily, having trouble sleeping, or feeling nervous or hostile. It may also cause some people to have suicidal thoughts and tendencies or to become more depressed. If you or your caregiver notice any of these side effects, tell your doctor right away.
roflumilast may cause you to lose weight. Your doctor may need to check your weight on a regular basis while you are using roflumilast.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
roflumilast Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Unexplained weight loss
- fear or nervousness
- feeling sad or empty
- general feeling of discomfort or illness
- joint pain
- loss of appetite
- loss of interest or pleasure
- muscle aches and pains
- runny nose
- sore throat
- thoughts of killing oneself or changes in behavior
- trouble concentrating
- trouble sleeping
- unable to sleep
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
- Abdominal or stomach pain
- back pain
- bladder pain
- bloody or cloudy urine
- burning feeling in the chest or stomach
- decreased appetite
- difficult, burning, or painful urination
- frequent urge to urinate
- lower back or side pain
- muscle spasm
- pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
- shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet
- shortness of breath or troubled breathing
- stomach upset
- stuffy or runny nose
- tenderness in the stomach area
- tightness of the chest or wheezing
- trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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More about roflumilast
- Side Effects
- During Pregnancy
- Dosage Information
- Drug Interactions
- Support Group
- En Español
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- Drug class: selective phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors
Other brands: Daliresp