naproxen and esomeprazole (Oral route)
na-PROX-en, es-oh-MEP-ra-zole mag-NEE-zee-um
There is an increased risk of serious and potentially fatal, cardiovascular (CV) thrombotic events, myocardial infarction, and stroke with NSAID use, especially with longer durations, a history of CV disease, or risk factors for CV disease. NSAIDs increase the risk of serious and sometimes fatal gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events which can include bleeding, ulceration, and perforation of the stomach or intestines. The elderly are at increased risk. These GI events can occur at any time without warning. This drug is contraindicated for the treatment of perioperative pain related to CABG surgery .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
- Tablet, Delayed Release
Therapeutic Class: Antirheumatic
Pharmacologic Class: NSAID
Chemical Class: Propionic Acid (class)
Uses For naproxen and esomeprazole
Naproxen and esomeprazole combination is used to relieve the symptoms of ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis. It is used for patients who have an increased risk for stomach ulcers and who need to take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) for arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis.
Naproxen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used to treat pain, inflammation, swelling, stiffness, and joint pain. Esomeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that is used to treat certain conditions where too much acid is produced in the stomach (eg, duodenal and gastric ulcers).
naproxen and esomeprazole is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using naproxen and esomeprazole
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For naproxen and esomeprazole, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to naproxen and esomeprazole or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of naproxen and esomeprazole combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of naproxen and esomeprazole combination in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving naproxen and esomeprazole.
|1st Trimester||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
|2nd Trimester||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
|3rd Trimester||D||Studies in pregnant women have demonstrated a risk to the fetus. However, the benefits of therapy in a life threatening situation or a serious disease, may outweigh the potential risk.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking naproxen and esomeprazole, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using naproxen and esomeprazole with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
Using naproxen and esomeprazole with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Beta Glucan
- Dabigatran Etexilate
- Eslicarbazepine Acetate
- Mycophenolate Mofetil
- Pentosan Polysulfate Sodium
- Protein C
Using naproxen and esomeprazole with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Azilsartan Medoxomil
- Candesartan Cilexetil
- Ethacrynic Acid
- Olmesartan Medoxomil
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using naproxen and esomeprazole with any of the following is usually not recommended, but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use naproxen and esomeprazole, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of naproxen and esomeprazole. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Anemia or
- Bleeding problems or
- Congestive heart failure or
- Crohn's disease, history of or
- Diarrhea or
- Edema (fluid retention or swelling) or
- Heart attack, history of or
- Heart or blood vessel disease or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
- Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood), history of or
- Kidney disease or
- Liver disease or
- Osteoporosis (weak bones) or
- Stomach ulcers or bleeding, history of or
- Stroke, history of or
- Ulcerative colitis, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Aspirin-sensitive asthma or
- Aspirin sensitivity, history of—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Heart surgery (eg, coronary artery bypass graft [CABG])—Should not be used to relieve pain right before or after the surgery.
Proper Use of naproxen and esomeprazole
Use naproxen and esomeprazole exactly as ordered by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than ordered by your doctor. Taking too much of naproxen and esomeprazole may increase the chance of unwanted effects, especially in elderly patients.
naproxen and esomeprazole should come with a Medication Guide. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.
It is best to take naproxen and esomeprazole on an empty stomach about 30 minutes before a meal.
Swallow the delayed-release tablet whole with water. Do not break, crush, chew, or dissolve it.
Your doctor may tell you to take vitamin D and calcium supplements while you are using naproxen and esomeprazole.
The dose of naproxen and esomeprazole will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of naproxen and esomeprazole. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (delayed-release tablets):
- For rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis:
- Adults—One tablet two times a day.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis:
If you miss a dose of naproxen and esomeprazole, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using naproxen and esomeprazole
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits while you are taking naproxen and esomeprazole. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to take it. Blood, urine, and other laboratory tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
Naproxen may increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. This is more likely in people who already have heart disease. People who use naproxen and esomeprazole for a long time might also have a higher risk. Get emergency help right away if you have any symptoms of a heart attack or stroke. Some possible symptoms are chest pain or discomfort, uneven heartbeat, pain that spreads to your arm or jaw, unusual sweating, feeling faint, trouble breathing, slurred speech, or weakness on one side of your body.
Naproxen may cause bleeding in your stomach or intestines. This problem can happen without warning signs. This is more likely if you have had a stomach ulcer in the past, if you smoke or drink alcohol regularly, if you are over 60 years of age, are in poor health, or are using certain other medicines (such as steroids or a blood thinner).
naproxen and esomeprazole may cause a serious type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using naproxen and esomeprazole.
Serious skin reactions can occur with naproxen and esomeprazole. Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms while using naproxen and esomeprazole: blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin, chills, cough, diarrhea, fever, itching, joint or muscle pain, red skin lesions, sore throat, sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips, or unusual tiredness or weakness.
Using naproxen and esomeprazole during late pregnancy can harm your unborn baby. If you think you have become pregnant while using naproxen and esomeprazole, tell your doctor right away.
Check with your doctor right away if you have any symptoms of liver problems including dark-colored urine or pale stools, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, pain in your upper stomach, or yellowing of your skin or eyes.
Check with your doctor right away if you have a fever, joint pain, skin rash, swelling of the body, feet, or ankles, or unusual weight gain after taking naproxen and esomeprazole. These could be symptoms of acute interstitial nephritis.
Taking naproxen and esomeprazole for a long time may make it harder for your body to absorb vitamin B12. Tell your doctor if you have concerns about vitamin B12 deficiency.
naproxen and esomeprazole may cause hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood). Your doctor may want to check your blood levels if you are taking naproxen and esomeprazole for more than one year, or if you are taking naproxen and esomeprazole together with digoxin (Lanoxin®) or certain diuretics or "water pills". Stop using naproxen and esomeprazole and check with your doctor right away if you have convulsions (seizures), fast, racing, or uneven heartbeat, muscle spasms (tetany), tremors, or unusual tiredness or weakness.
Check with your doctor right away if you have watery stool that does not go away, stomach pain, and fever while taking naproxen and esomeprazole.
Do not stop taking naproxen and esomeprazole without first checking with your doctor, or unless told to do so by your doctor.
Before having any kind of surgery or medical tests, tell your doctor that you are using naproxen and esomeprazole. It may be necessary for you to stop the medicine for a while, or to change to a different medicine before your procedure.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription (eg, atazanavir, nelfinavir, Reyataz®, Viracept®) or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal (eg, St John's wort) or vitamin supplements.
naproxen and esomeprazole Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:More common
- Burning feeling in the chest or stomach
- loss of appetite
- stomach bloating, cramping, or pain
- tenderness in the stomach area
- upper abdominal or stomach pain
- upset stomach
- weight loss
- Abdominal or stomach discomfort
- black, tarry stools
- bladder pain
- bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
- bloody or cloudy urine
- bloody stools
- chest pain
- difficult, burning, or painful urination
- difficulty with breathing
- difficulty with moving
- difficulty with swallowing
- frequent urge to urinate
- full or bloated feeling
- lower back or side pain
- muscle pain or stiffness
- pain in the joints
- pain or burning in the throat
- pressure in the stomach
- rapid weight gain
- sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or tongue or inside the mouth
- swelling of the abdominal or stomach area
- tingling of the hands or feet
- unusual weight gain or loss
- vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds
- mood or mental changes
- muscle spasms (tetany) or twitching
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- Acid or sour stomach
- Body aches or pain
- change in taste
- cough producing mucus
- difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- ear congestion
- excess air or gas in the stomach or intestines
- loss of taste
- loss of voice
- pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
- passing gas
- sore throat
- stuffy or runny nose
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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