glycopyrrolate and formoterol (Inhalation route)
glye-koe-PIR-oh-late, for-MOE-ter-ol FUE-ma-rate
Glycopyrrolate and formoterol fumarate oral inhalation powder is not indicated for the treatment of asthma. Long-acting beta(2)-adrenergic agonists (LABAs), such as formoterol fumarate, increase the risk of asthma-related death .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
- Bevespi Aerosphere
Available Dosage Forms:
- Aerosol Powder
Therapeutic Class: Antiasthma, Anti-Inflammatory/Bronchodilator Combination
Pharmacologic Class: Antimuscarinic
Uses For glycopyrrolate and formoterol
Glycopyrrolate and formoterol combination is used for the long-term maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The medicines help open the air passages in the lung to increase air flow and are called bronchodilators. Formoterol and glycopyrrolate combination is an inhaler that is breathed in through the mouth.
glycopyrrolate and formoterol is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using glycopyrrolate and formoterol
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For glycopyrrolate and formoterol, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to glycopyrrolate and formoterol or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Inhaled glycopyrrolate and formoterol combination is not indicated for use in children. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of inhaled glycopyrrolate and formoterol combination in the elderly.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking glycopyrrolate and formoterol, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using glycopyrrolate and formoterol with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.
Using glycopyrrolate and formoterol with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of glycopyrrolate and formoterol. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Bladder problems or
- Diabetes or
- Enlarged prostate or
- Glaucoma, narrow angle or
- Heart or blood vessel disease or
- Heart rhythm problems (eg, arrhythmia, QT prolongation) or
- Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) or
- Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
- Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or
- Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) or
- Seizures, history of or
- Trouble urinating—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
- Kidney disease, severe or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
Proper Use of glycopyrrolate and formoterol
Use glycopyrrolate and formoterol only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it, do not use it more often, and do not use it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. Do not stop using glycopyrrolate and formoterol without telling your doctor. To do so may make your condition worse.
glycopyrrolate and formoterol comes with a Medication Guide or patient instructions. Read the instructions carefully before using glycopyrrolate and formoterol. If you do not understand the directions or you are not sure how to use the inhaler, have your doctor show you what to do.
When you use the inhaler for the first time, it may not deliver the right amount of medicine with the first puff. Therefore, before using the inhaler, prime it by spraying the medicine 4 times into the air away from the face, and shaking it well before each spray. If you have not used it for 7 days or longer, re-prime it by spraying the medicine 2 times into the air away from the face, and shaking it well before each spray.
To use the inhaler:
- glycopyrrolate and formoterol comes in sealed foil pouch. Do not open the sealed foil pouch until you are ready to use a dose of glycopyrrolate and formoterol.
- Once opened, remove the inhaler from the pouch.
- Take the cap off the mouthpiece. Check the mouthpiece to make sure it is clear.
- Press the center of the dose indicator all the way down and release it. You may hear a soft click from the dose indicator as it counts down during use.
- To inhale glycopyrrolate and formoterol, breathe out fully and try to get as much air out of your lungs as possible. Put your lips tightly around the mouthpiece and breathe in quickly and deeply until you hear a "click" sound. Keep breathing in, even after you hear the "click" sound to be sure you get the full dose.
- Remove the inhaler from your mouth and hold your breath for as long as is comfortable, and then breathe out slowly through your nose.
- Clean the inhaler 1 time each week by taking the canister out of the actuator and allow warm water to run through it for about 30 seconds. Turn the actuator upside down and rinse again for about 30 seconds. Let the actuator air-dry overnight.
The dose of glycopyrrolate and formoterol will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of glycopyrrolate and formoterol. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For inhalation dosage form (aerosol):
- For COPD:
- Adults—Two puffs in the morning and another 2 puffs in the evening. Each puff contains 9 micrograms (mcg) of glycopyrrolate and 4.8 mcg of formoterol.
- Children—Use is not recommended.
- For COPD:
If you miss a dose of glycopyrrolate and formoterol, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the canister at room temperature, away from heat and direct light. Do not freeze. Do not keep glycopyrrolate and formoterol inside a car where it could be exposed to extreme heat or cold. Do not poke holes in the canister or throw it into a fire, even if the canister is empty.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Precautions While Using glycopyrrolate and formoterol
If you will be using glycopyrrolate and formoterol for a long time, it is very important that your doctor check you at regular visits. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to check for any unwanted effects.
glycopyrrolate and formoterol should not be used if you are having a sudden COPD attack. Your doctor will give you a short-acting inhaler to use for this condition. If the short-acting inhaler is not working, tell your doctor right away.
Talk to your doctor or get medical care right away if:
- Your symptoms do not improve after using glycopyrrolate and formoterol for a few days or if they become worse.
- Your short-acting inhaler does not seem to be working as well as usual and you need to use it more often.
Do not use glycopyrrolate and formoterol together with other inhaled medicines for COPD, including arformoterol, budesonide/formoterol, formoterol, salmeterol, or vilanterol.
glycopyrrolate and formoterol may cause paradoxical bronchospasm, which means your breathing or wheezing will get worse. This may be a life-threatening situation. Check with your doctor right away if you have a cough, difficulty with breathing, shortness of breath, or wheezing after using glycopyrrolate and formoterol.
If you develop a skin rash, hives, swelling of the tongue, lips, or face, or any allergic reaction to glycopyrrolate and formoterol, check with your doctor right away.
glycopyrrolate and formoterol might cause an increase in heart rate or blood pressure. Contact your doctor if you have a fast or slow heartbeat or if your blood pressure is higher than normal.
Call your doctor right away if blurred vision, difficulty in reading, seeing halos around lights, or any other change in vision occurs during or after treatment. Your doctor may want you to have your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor).
Check with your doctor right away if you have a decrease in urine volume, decrease in the frequency of urination, difficulty in passing urine, or painful urination.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.
glycopyrrolate and formoterol Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Less common
- Bladder pain
- bloody or cloudy urine
- chest pain
- difficult, burning, or painful urination
- frequent urge to urinate
- lower back or side pain
- blurred vision
- decrease in the frequency of urination
- decrease in urine volume
- decreased vision
- difficulty with breathing
- eye pain
- hives or welts, itching, or skin rash
- irregular heartbeat
- nausea or vomiting
- noisy breathing
- pounding in the ears
- recurrent large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
- redness of the skin
- slow or fast heartbeat
- tightness in the chest
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
- Difficulty with moving
- dry mouth
- muscle pain or stiffness
- muscle spasm
- pain in the arms or legs
- pain in the joints
- pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
- sore throat
- stuffy or runny nose
- unusual tiredness or weakness
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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