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Medications for Alcohol Withdrawal

Other names: Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium; Delirium tremens; DT's

Alcohol withdrawal refers to a group of symptoms that may occur from suddenly stopping the use of alcohol after chronic or prolonged ingestion.

Drugs used to treat Alcohol Withdrawal

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

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Drug name Rating Reviews Activity ? Rx/OTC Pregnancy CSA Alcohol
gabapentin Off-label 9.0 72 reviews for gabapentin to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx C N X
Generic name:
gabapentin systemic
Drug class:
gamma-aminobutyric acid analogs
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Off-label:
Yes
chlordiazepoxide 9.1 155 reviews for chlordiazepoxide to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx N 4 X
Generic name:
chlordiazepoxide systemic
Drug class:
benzodiazepines
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
baclofen Off-label 8.8 81 reviews for baclofen to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx C N X
Generic name:
baclofen systemic
Drug class:
skeletal muscle relaxants
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Off-label:
Yes
diazepam 8.2 34 reviews for diazepam to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx D 4 X
Generic name:
diazepam systemic
Brand names:
Valium, Diazepam Intensol
Drug class:
benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Valium 8.2 21 reviews for Valium to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx D 4 X
Generic name:
diazepam systemic
Drug class:
benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information
clonidine Off-label 7.9 9 reviews for clonidine to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx C N X
Generic name:
clonidine systemic
Drug class:
antiadrenergic agents, centrally acting
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Off-label:
Yes
atenolol Off-label 7.0 2 reviews for atenolol to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx D N X
Generic name:
atenolol systemic
Drug class:
cardioselective beta blockers
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Off-label:
Yes
oxazepam 7.6 10 reviews for oxazepam to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx N 4 X
Generic name:
oxazepam systemic
Drug class:
benzodiazepines
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Tranxene 10 1 review for Tranxene to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx N 4 X
Generic name:
clorazepate systemic
Drug class:
benzodiazepines
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
clorazepate 10 2 reviews for clorazepate to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx N 4 X
Generic name:
clorazepate systemic
Brand names:
Tranxene, Tranxene T-Tab
Drug class:
benzodiazepines
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
AHFS DI Monograph, Prescribing Information
Diazepam Intensol 8.0 1 review for Diazepam Intensol to treat Alcohol Withdrawal
Rx D 4 X
Generic name:
diazepam systemic
Drug class:
benzodiazepines, benzodiazepine anticonvulsants
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
Tranxene T-Tab Rate Add review
Rx N 4 X
Generic name:
clorazepate systemic
Drug class:
benzodiazepines
For consumers:
dosage, interactions, side effects
For professionals:
Prescribing Information

Frequently asked questions

Legend

Rating For ratings, users were asked how effective they found the medicine while considering positive/adverse effects and ease of use (1 = not effective, 10 = most effective).
Activity Activity is based on recent site visitor activity relative to other medications in the list.
Rx Prescription only.
OTC Over-the-counter.
Rx/OTC Prescription or Over-the-counter.
Off-label This medication may not be approved by the FDA for the treatment of this condition.
EUA An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) allows the FDA to authorize unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products to be used in a declared public health emergency when there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives.
Expanded Access Expanded Access is a potential pathway for a patient with a serious or immediately life-threatening disease or condition to gain access to an investigational medical product (drug, biologic, or medical device) for treatment outside of clinical trials when no comparable or satisfactory alternative therapy options are available.
Pregnancy Category
A Adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).
B Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
C Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
D There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use in pregnant women despite potential risks.
X Studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.
N FDA has not classified the drug.
Controlled Substances Act (CSA) Schedule
M The drug has multiple schedules. The schedule may depend on the exact dosage form or strength of the medication.
U CSA Schedule is unknown.
N Is not subject to the Controlled Substances Act.
1 Has a high potential for abuse. Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. There is a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision.
2 Has a high potential for abuse. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions. Abuse may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
3 Has a potential for abuse less than those in schedules 1 and 2. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
4 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 3. It has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 3.
5 Has a low potential for abuse relative to those in schedule 4. Has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. Abuse may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to those in schedule 4.
Alcohol
X Interacts with Alcohol.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.