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Schizophrenia is a long-term mental disease that affects how your brain works. It is a disease that may change how you think, feel, and behave. You may not be able to know what is real and what is not real. Your thoughts may not be clear, or may jump from one topic to another.



  • Antipsychotics: These help decrease psychotic symptoms and severe agitation. You may need antiparkinson medicine to control muscle stiffness, twitches, and restlessness caused by antipsychotic medicines.
  • Antianxiety medicine: This medicine may be given to decrease anxiety and help you feel calm and relaxed.
  • Antidepressants: These help with symptoms of depression and anxiety.
  • Mood stabilizers: These control mood swings.
  • Tranquilizers: These increase feelings of being calm and relaxed.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him of her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your healthcare provider or psychiatrist as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Manage your symptoms:

  • Do not stop taking your medicines: Tell your healthcare provider or psychiatrist if you have any problems with or questions about your medicines.
  • Do not stop your therapies: It is normal to have doubts about or to feel discomfort with your therapy. Tell your healthcare provider or psychiatrist if you are not comfortable or have questions about your therapies.
  • Get regular sleep: Try to get 6 to 8 hours of sleep each night. Tell your healthcare provider or psychiatrist if you are not able to sleep, or if you are sleeping too much.
  • Do not drink alcohol: Alcohol interacts with medicine used to treat schizophrenia.

Contact your healthcare provider or psychiatrist if:

  • You feel that you are having symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • You are not able to sleep well, or are sleeping more than usual.
  • You cannot eat or are eating more than usual.
  • You have questions about your condition or care.

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You think about killing yourself or someone else.
  • You have a rash, swelling, or trouble breathing after you take your medicine.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Learn more about Schizophrenia (Aftercare Instructions)

Associated drugs

Micromedex® Care Notes

Symptoms and treatments

Mayo Clinic Reference