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Schizoaffective Disorder

Medically reviewed by Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What is schizoaffective disorder?

Schizoaffective disorder is a long-term mental illness that may change how you think, feel, and act around others. Schizoaffective disorder involves both psychosis (loss of reality), along with depression or mania. You may not know what is real and what is not real.

What causes schizoaffective disorder?

The cause of schizoaffective disorder in not known. It is thought there may be an imbalance in chemicals that help control movement, thought, and mood.

What increases my risk of schizoaffective disorder?

What are the signs and symptoms of schizoaffective disorder?

How is schizoaffective disorder diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will perform a psychiatric assessment. He or she will ask if you have a history of psychological trauma, such as physical, sexual, or mental abuse. He or she will ask if you were given the care that you needed when you needed it. He or she will ask if you have a history of alcohol or drug abuse. Your healthcare provider will ask you if you want to hurt or kill yourself or others. He or she will also ask about your hobbies and goals, the people in your life who support you, and how you feel about treatment. The answers to these questions help healthcare providers plan your treatment.

Which medicines are used to treat schizoaffective disorder?

Which therapies are used to treat schizoaffective disorder?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I help manage schizoaffective disorder?

The following may help you feel better or prevent symptoms of schizoaffective disorder from coming back:

What are the risks of schizoaffective disorder?

Even with treatment, your symptoms may come back or not go away. If schizoaffective disorder is left untreated, your condition may get worse. It may affect the way you think of yourself and how you get along with others. Your condition may make it hard for you to do your normal activities. You may be at increased risk for diabetes and heart and lung disease. Your risk for alcohol or drug abuse increases. You may have thoughts of hurting or killing yourself or others.

Where can I find support and more information?

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.