WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Psoriasis is a long-term skin disease in which the skin cells grow faster than normal. This abnormal growth causes a buildup of cells on the surface of the skin. Red, raised patches of skin that are covered with silver-colored scales form on your skin.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
- Topical medicine: These medicines can be ointments, creams, and pastes and are applied on the skin.
- Moisturizers: These soothe your skin by keeping it moist and preventing dryness.
- Steroids: This medicine may be given to decrease inflammation.
- Vitamin D and retinoids: These are vitamin-based creams that are used to clear plaques.
- Anthralin: This medicine decreases swelling and excess skin cells that form scales.
- Salicylic acid: This peeling agent helps decrease scaling of the skin and scalp.
- Tar preparations: These medicines decrease your itching, scaling, and inflammation. They may be shampoos, creams, or bath oils.
- Systemic medicine: These medicines are used to treat serious types of psoriasis. They may taken by mouth or given to you through IV or a shot. These medicines include steroids or retinoids. They may also include medicines that decrease the rate of growth of your skin cells or that affect your immune system.
- Blood tests: You may need blood taken to give healthcare providers information about how your body is working. The blood may be taken from your hand, arm, or IV.
- A joint x-ray is a picture of the bones and tissues in your joints. You may be given contrast liquid to help the pictures show up better. Tell a healthcare provider if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast liquid.
- Phototherapy: You may need ultraviolet (UV) light treatments if your psoriasis is severe. Your skin is exposed to UV light for the period of time that your healthcare provider prescribes.
Certain medicines used to treat psoriasis can cause burning, redness, and irritation of your skin. They can also cause drowsiness, high blood pressure, or birth defects. Without treatment, your signs and symptoms may worsen. Psoriasis may cause severe itching, swelling, and infection. You may also bleed more easily.