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Medically reviewed by Last updated on Jul 7, 2024.

What is prostatitis?

Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is the male sex gland that produces a fluid that is part of semen. It is about the size of a walnut and is located under the bladder. Prostatitis is not contagious. Prostatitis may be an acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) condition. You can get prostatitis at any age and more than 1 time.

Male Reproductive System

What increases my risk for prostatitis?

Prostatitis may be caused by a bacterial infection or inflammation, or the cause may be unknown. The following may increase your risk:

What are the signs and symptoms of prostatitis?

You may have no signs or symptoms, or you may have any of the following:

How is prostatitis diagnosed?

Your healthcare provider will ask you about your symptoms. He or she will do a physical exam of your prostate. Any of the following may be used to find the cause of your symptoms:

How is prostatitis treated?

Treatment will depend on the cause of your prostatitis, your signs and symptoms, and other factors. Prostatitis may be treated with the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

What can I do to manage prostatitis?

When should I call my doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.