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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is the male sex gland that makes semen. It is about the size of a walnut and it is located under the bladder. You can get prostatitis at any age, and you may get it more than once. It may be an acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) condition. Prostatitis is not contagious.
- Alpha blockers: This medicine relaxes the muscles in your prostate and bladder. It may help you to urinate more easily.
- Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. Always take your antibiotics exactly as ordered by your healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine unless directed by your healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or take leftover antibiotics that were given to you for another illness.
- NSAIDs: These medicines decrease swelling, pain, and fever. NSAIDs are available without a doctor's order. Ask your healthcare provider which medicine is right for you. Ask how much to take and when to take it. Take as directed. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding and kidney problems if not taken correctly.
- Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take this medicine.
- Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him of her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
- Prostate massage may be used to treat chronic prostatitis. It can help to decrease fullness and prevent infection. Healthcare providers may teach you how to do a prostate massage.
- Place a heating pad on the prostate area to help blood flow to that area. Warm baths may decrease prostate fullness and discomfort.
- Drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration. Ask your healthcare provider how much liquid to drink each day and which liquids are best for you.
- Do not drink alcohol or eat spicy foods until you have finished treatment for prostatitis. Limit the amount of caffeine you drink.
- Urinate often. Do not wait to urinate.
- You may have sex if you feel well.
- Go to a healthcare provider for a prostate exam once every year if you are over the age of 40.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- You see blood in your urine.
- You cannot urinate.
- Your symptoms are getting worse, or they return after you have been treated.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.
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