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Eczema

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Eczema is an itchy, red skin rash. You are more likely to have it if your parent or a family member has eczema, asthma, or hay fever. Eczema is a long-term condition. You may have flare-ups from time to time for the rest of your life.

DISCHARGE INSTRUCTIONS:

Return to the emergency department if:

  • You develop a fever or have red streaks going up your arm or leg.
  • Your rash gets more swollen, red, or hot.

Call your doctor if:

  • Most of your skin is red, swollen, painful, and covered with scales.
  • You develop bloody, red, painful crusts.
  • Your skin blisters and oozes white or yellow pus.
  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Medicines:

  • Medicines may help reduce itching, redness, pain, and swelling. They may be given as a cream or pill. You may also receive antibiotics if you have a skin infection.
  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him or her if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Care for your skin:

  • Do not scratch. Pat or press on your skin to relieve itching. Your symptoms will get worse if you scratch. Keep your fingernails short so you do not tear your skin if you do scratch.
  • Keep your skin moist. Rub lotion, cream, or ointment into your skin at least 2 times a day. Ask your healthcare provider what to use and how often to use it.
  • Take baths or showers with warm water for 10 minutes or less. Use mild bar soap. Ask your healthcare provider for the best soap for you to use.
  • Wear cotton clothes. Wear loose-fitting clothes made from cotton or cotton blends. Avoid wool.
  • Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air in your home.
  • Avoid changes in temperature , especially activities that cause you to sweat a lot. Sweat can cause itching. Remove blankets from your bed if you get hot while you sleep.
  • Avoid allergens, dust, and skin irritants. Do not use perfume, fabric softener, or makeup that burns or itches.

Follow up with your doctor as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Eczema (Aftercare Instructions)

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Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.