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Eczema in Children

Medically reviewed by Last updated on May 6, 2024.

What is eczema?

Eczema is an itchy, red, scaly skin rash. Eczema is common in children between the ages of 2 months and 5 years. Your child is more likely to have eczema if he or she also has asthma or allergies. Your child's symptoms may improve as he or she gets older. However, your child may have flare-ups from time to time for the rest of his or her life.


What are the signs and symptoms of eczema?

What triggers eczema?

Anything that increases dryness or makes your child want to scratch is a trigger. Triggers can cause eczema to flare up. The following are common triggers:

How is eczema diagnosed?

Your child's healthcare provider will examine your child's skin. Tell the provider if you know what triggers your child's rash. Tell the provider if you have tried any treatments that have helped. Your child's provider may want to know if anyone in your family has allergies, asthma, or eczema. Your child's provider may test your child for allergies to find out if they trigger his or her eczema. A skin biopsy may confirm the diagnosis.

How is eczema treated?

The goal of treatment is to reduce your child's itching and pain and add moisture to his or her skin. This helps repair your child's skin barrier. The skin barrier is the outer layer of the skin. It protects the skin from outside conditions and helps prevent water loss from the body. Your child's symptoms should improve within several weeks of treatment. He or she may need the following:

Treatment options

The following list of medications are related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

View more treatment options

How can I care for my child's skin?

When should I seek immediate care?

When should I call my child's doctor?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your child's care. Learn about your child's health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your child's healthcare providers to decide what care you want for your child. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.