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Autoimmune Thyroid Disorders

Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Feb 4, 2024.

What are autoimmune thyroid disorders?

Autoimmune thyroid disorders are when your immune system attacks your thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ that is found in the front part of your neck. Thyroid hormones regulate body temperature, heart rate, and weight gain or loss.

Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands

What are the kinds of autoimmune thyroid disorders?

Autoimmune thyroid disorders can cause hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. Graves disease is the most common kind of autoimmune hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. Hashimoto thyroiditis is the most common kind of autoimmune hypothyroidism.

What increases my risk for autoimmune thyroid disorders?

What are the signs and symptoms of autoimmune thyroid disorders?

You may have a goiter (enlarged thyroid gland) that feels like a lump on your neck. You may also have signs and symptoms of one or both conditions:

How are autoimmune thyroid disorders diagnosed?

How are autoimmune thyroid disorders treated?

Treatment options

The following list of medications are in some way related to or used in the treatment of this condition.

When should I contact my healthcare provider?

When should I seek immediate care or call 911?

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your healthcare providers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.