Generic Name: imipramine (im-IP-ra-meen)
Brand Name: Tofranil-PM
Antidepressants may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or actions in children, teenagers, and young adults. However, depression and certain other mental problems may also increase the risk of suicide. Talk with the patient's doctor to be sure that the benefits of using imipramine capsules outweigh the risks.
Family and caregivers must closely watch patients who take imipramine capsules. It is important to keep in close contact with the patient's doctor. Tell the doctor right away if the patient has symptoms like worsened depression, suicidal thoughts, or changes in behavior. Discuss any questions with the patient's doctor.
Imipramine capsules are not approved for use in children. Talk with the doctor.
Imipramine capsules are used for:
Treating depression. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Imipramine capsules are a tricyclic antidepressant. It works by increasing the activity of certain chemicals in the brain that help elevate mood.
Do NOT use imipramine capsules if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in imipramine capsules or to similar medicines
- you have taken linezolid or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days
- you are recovering from a recent heart attack
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using imipramine capsules:
Some medical conditions may interact with imipramine capsules. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you drink alcohol or have a history of alcohol abuse
- if you take thyroid medicine or you have a history of an overactive thyroid, glaucoma or increased pressure in the eye, heart problems, kidney or liver problems, diabetes, seizures, the blood disease porphyria, or difficulty urinating
- if you have a history of suicidal thoughts or behavior, bipolar disorder, or any other mental disorders; you are undergoing electroshock therapy; or you are scheduled to have any surgery
- if you are taking a medicine that contains methylene blue
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with imipramine capsules. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Buspirone, cimetidine, fentanyl, flecainide, lithium, methylphenidate, phenothiazines (eg, chlorpromazine), propafenone, quinidine, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (eg, fluoxetine), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) (eg, duloxetine), St. John's wort, tramadol, or tryptophan because they may increase the risk of imipramine capsules's side effects
- Linezolid or MAOIs (eg, phenelzine) because the risk of high blood pressure or serious heart problems (eg, irregular heartbeat) may be increased
- Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital) or phenytoin because they may decrease imipramine capsules's effectiveness
- Anticholinergics (eg, benztropine) or sympathomimetics (eg, phenylephrine) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by imipramine capsules
- Clonidine, guanethidine, or guanfacine because their effectiveness may be decreased by imipramine capsules
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if imipramine capsules may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use imipramine capsules:
Use imipramine capsules as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Imipramine capsules comes with an extra patient information sheet called a Medication Guide. Read it carefully. Read it again each time you get imipramine capsules refilled.
- Take imipramine capsules by mouth with or without food.
- Taking imipramine capsules at bedtime may help reduce side effects (eg, daytime drowsiness). Discuss this possibility with your doctor.
- It may take 1 to 3 weeks before you notice the effect of imipramine capsules. Continue to use imipramine capsules even if you feel well. Do not miss any doses.
- If you miss a dose of imipramine capsules, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once. If you take 1 dose daily at bedtime, do not take the missed dose the next morning.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use imipramine capsules.
Important safety information:
- Imipramine capsules may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use imipramine capsules with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Check with your doctor before you drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using imipramine capsules; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Imipramine capsules may cause dizziness, light-headedness, or fainting; alcohol, hot weather, exercise, or fever may increase these effects. To prevent them, sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning. Sit or lie down at the first sign of any of these effects.
- Do not become overheated in hot weather or while you are being active; heatstroke may occur.
- Children, teenagers, and young adults who take imipramine capsules may be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts or actions. The risk may be greater in patients who have had suicidal thoughts or actions in the past. Watch all patients who take imipramine capsules closely. Contact the doctor at once if new, worsened, or sudden symptoms such as depressed mood; anxious, restless, or irritable behavior; panic attacks; or any unusual change in mood or behavior occur. Contact the doctor right away if any signs of suicidal thoughts or actions occur.
- Serotonin syndrome is a possibly fatal syndrome that can be caused by imipramine capsules. Your risk may be greater if you take imipramine capsules with certain other medicines (eg, triptans, MAOIs). Symptoms may include agitation; confusion; hallucinations; coma; fever; fast or irregular heartbeat; tremor; excessive sweating; and nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Contact your doctor at once if you have any of these symptoms.
- Imipramine capsules may cause you to become sunburned more easily. Avoid the sun, sunlamps, or tanning booths until you know how you react to imipramine capsules. Use a sunscreen or wear protective clothing if you must be outside for more than a short time.
- Some people may be at risk for eye problems from imipramine capsules. Your doctor may want you to have an eye exam to see if you are at risk for these eye problems. Call your doctor right away if you have eye pain, vision changes, or swelling or redness in or around the eye.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take imipramine capsules before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Diabetes patients - Imipramine capsules may affect your blood sugar. Check blood sugar levels closely. Ask your doctor before you change the dose of your diabetes medicine.
- You may need to have an electrocardiogram (ECG) checked before starting imipramine capsules and while you take it. Talk with the doctor.
- Use imipramine capsules with caution in the ELDERLY, especially those with cardiac disease; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Imipramine capsules should be used with extreme caution in CHILDREN; safety and effectiveness in children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: It is not known if imipramine capsules can cause harm to the fetus. If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using imipramine capsules while you are pregnant. It is not known if this medicine is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking imipramine capsules.
If you stop taking imipramine capsules suddenly, you may have WITHDRAWAL symptoms. These may include headache, nausea, and tiredness.
Possible side effects of imipramine capsules:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; excitement; headache; impotence; nausea; nightmares; pupil dilation; sensitivity to sunlight; sweating; tiredness; upset stomach; vomiting; weakness; weight loss or gain.
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); changes in sex drive; chest pain; confusion; constipation; fainting; fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; fever; frequent or difficult urination; hallucinations; impulsive behavior or other unusual changes in behavior; jaw, neck, or muscle spasms; mental or mood changes (eg, increased anxiety, mood swings, agitation, irritability, nervousness, restlessness); panic attacks; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe dizziness or drowsiness; sore throat; stomach pain; suicidal thinking or behavior; swelling of the testicles; tremor; trouble sleeping; trouble walking or keeping your balance; twitching of the face or tongue; uncontrolled movements of arms and legs or stiffness; unusual bleeding or bruising; worsening of depression; yellowing of the skin or eyes.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. To report side effects to the appropriate agency, please read the Guide to Reporting Problems to FDA.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center, or emergency room immediately.Proper storage of imipramine capsules:
Store imipramine capsules at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Store in a tightly sealed container. Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep imipramine capsules out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about imipramine capsules, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Imipramine capsules are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
- Check with your pharmacist about how to dispose of unused medicine.
This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take imipramine capsules or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about imipramine capsules. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to imipramine capsules. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using imipramine capsules.
Disclaimer: This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this medicine or any other medicine. Only your health care provider has the knowledge and training to decide which medicines are right for you. This information does not endorse any medicine as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. This is only a brief summary of general information about this medicine. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this medicine. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. You must talk with your healthcare provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this medicine.