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Tyzeka Side Effects

Generic Name: telbivudine

Note: This document contains side effect information about telbivudine. Some of the dosage forms listed on this page may not apply to the brand name Tyzeka.

For the Consumer

Applies to telbivudine: oral tablet

What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?

WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Signs of liver problems like dark urine, feeling tired, not hungry, upset stomach or stomach pain, light-colored stools, throwing up, or yellow skin or eyes.
  • Signs of too much lactic acid in the blood (lactic acidosis) like fast breathing, fast heartbeat, a heartbeat that does not feel normal, very bad upset stomach or throwing up, feeling very sleepy, shortness of breath, feeling very tired or weak, very bad dizziness, feeling cold, or muscle pain or cramps.
  • Signs of a pancreas problem (pancreatitis) like very bad stomach pain, very bad back pain, or very bad upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Not able to pass urine or change in how much urine is passed.
  • A burning, numbness, or tingling feeling that is not normal.
  • Change in balance.
  • Trouble walking.
  • Fever.
  • Swelling of belly.
  • A certain muscle problem (rhabdomyolysis) has happened with this drug. Rarely, this has led to organ problems and death. Call your doctor right away if you have muscle pain or weakness.

What are some other side effects of this drug?

All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:

  • Belly pain.
  • Headache.
  • Feeling tired or weak.
  • Cough.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Upset stomach.
  • Back pain.
  • Dizziness.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Joint pain.
  • Sore throat.

These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to telbivudine: oral solution, oral tablet

General

In general, this drug was well tolerated in clinical studies, with most side effects described as mild or moderate. The most common side effects included grade 3 or 4 creatine phosphokinase elevations, fatigue, headache, and nausea.[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

CPK elevations greater than 7 times the upper limit of normal (7 x ULN) was reported in 13% of patients.

In clinical trials, increased CPK occurred more often during treatment with this drug. By 104 weeks of therapy, 79% of patients using this drug (compared to 47% of patients using lamivudine) reported grade 1 to 4 CPK elevations; 13% of patients using this drug (compared to 4% of patients using lamivudine) reported grade 3 or 4 CPK elevations. Most patients with CPK elevations did not exhibit symptoms, but the average recovery time was longer with this drug than with lamivudine. Of the patients with grade 1 to 4 CPK elevations using this drug, 10% had a musculoskeletal side effect (compared to 5% of patients using lamivudine); these side effects included back pain, chest wall pain, noncardiac chest pain, chest discomfort, flank pain, muscle cramp, muscular weakness, musculoskeletal pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal discomfort, musculoskeletal stiffness, myalgia, myofascial pain syndrome, myopathy, myositis, neck pain, and pain in extremity. By 208 weeks of therapy, 16% of patients using this drug reported grade 3 or 4 CPK elevations, most of which were asymptomatic (74% of patients had no muscle-related side effect), transient (98% lasted 1 or 2 visits), and resolved spontaneously or returned to baseline levels (93%).

Muscle-related symptoms (2%) included back pain, fibromyalgia, muscle cramp, musculoskeletal chest pain, myalgia, myopathy (including myositis), pain, pain in extremity, and tenderness.

Myopathy/myositis (presenting with muscular weakness) was diagnosed in less than 1% of patients. Cases of myopathy/myositis have been reported several weeks to months after this drug was started.[Ref]

Very common (10% or more): Increased blood creatine phosphokinase (CPK)

Common (1% to 10%): Arthralgia, back pain, myalgia, muscle-related symptoms

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Myopathy, myositis, muscular weakness, pain in the extremities, muscle spasm, neck pain, flank pain

Frequency not reported: Fibromyalgia, muscle strain, chest wall pain, noncardiac chest pain, chest discomfort, muscle cramp, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal pain, musculoskeletal discomfort, musculoskeletal stiffness, myofascial pain syndrome, tenderness

Postmarketing reports: Rhabdomyolysis[Ref]

Other

Very common (10% or more): Fatigue (up to 13%)

Common (1% to 10%): Malaise, pyrexia

Frequency not reported: Pain, influenza, influenza-like symptoms, postprocedural pain[Ref]

Nervous system

Common (1% to 10%): Headache, dizziness

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Peripheral neuropathy, dysgeusia, hypoesthesia, paresthesia, sciatica

Frequency not reported: Migraine, sinus headache, tension headache, vertigo[Ref]

Headache included headache, migraine, sinus headache, and tension headache.

Paresthesia and hypoesthesia have also been reported during postmarketing experience.[Ref]

Hepatic

Common (1% to 10%): Elevated ALT, elevated AST, acute hepatitis flare, hepatitis B exacerbation, ALT flares

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Elevated total bilirubin

Frequency not reported: Hypercholesterolemia, posttreatment exacerbations of hepatitis

Nucleoside analogs:

-Frequency not reported: Severe hepatomegaly with steatosis[Ref]

Elevated ALT (greater than 10 x ULN and 2 times baseline), elevated ALT (greater than 3 times baseline), elevated AST (greater than 3 times baseline), and elevated total bilirubin (greater than 5 x ULN) were reported in up to 6%, 7%, 6%, and less than 1% of patients, respectively.

The incidence of ALT flares (ALT greater than 10 x ULN and greater than 2 times baseline) was similar (3%) with this drug and lamivudine in the first 6 months. After week 24, reports of ALT flares decreased to 2% with this drug versus 5% with lamivudine.

In patients who stopped therapy early (for reasons excluding efficacy) or decided not to continue this drug in another trial, 6% reported exacerbation of hepatitis (ALT elevation greater than 10 x ULN and greater than 2 times baseline) during the 4 months posttherapy.

Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis have been reported in patients who have discontinued this drug. Although most cases appeared self-limited or resolved by restarting therapy, severe hepatitis exacerbations (including fatalities) have been reported.

Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis (including fatalities) have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs alone or in combination with antiretrovirals.[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Increased lipase (greater than 2.5 x ULN) and increased amylase (greater than 3 x ULN) were reported in 2% and less than 1% of patients, respectively.

Diarrhea/loose stools included diarrhea, loose stools, and frequent bowel movements. Abdominal pain included abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, lower abdominal pain, upper abdominal pain, and gastrointestinal pain.[Ref]

Common (1% to 10%): Diarrhea/loose stools, increased blood lipase, nausea, abdominal pain, increased blood amylase, upper abdominal pain, abdominal distension, dyspepsia

Frequency not reported: Gastritis, sore throat, dry mouth, decreased appetite, abdominal discomfort, lower abdominal pain, gastrointestinal pain, frequent bowel movements[Ref]

Respiratory

Cough included cough and productive cough.[Ref]

Common (1% to 10%): Cough, pharyngolaryngeal pain

Frequency not reported: Upper respiratory tract infection, pharyngitis/nasopharyngitis[Ref]

Dermatologic

Common (1% to 10%): Rash, pruritus

Frequency not reported: Acne[Ref]

Hematologic

Neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count up to 749/mm3) and thrombocytopenia (platelets up to 49,999/mm3) were reported in 2% and less than 1% of patients, respectively.[Ref]

Common (1% to 10%): Neutropenia

Uncommon (0.1% to 1%): Thrombocytopenia[Ref]

Psychiatric

Common (1% to 10%): Insomnia

Metabolic

Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis (including fatalities) have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs alone or in combination with antiretrovirals.[Ref]

Postmarketing reports: Lactic acidosis

Nucleoside analogs:

-Frequency not reported: Lactic acidosis[Ref]

Genitourinary

Frequency not reported: Hematuria, irregular menstruation, polyuria[Ref]

At least 1 patient receiving a diuretic for ascites reported polyuria.[Ref]

References

1. "Product Information. Tyzeka (telbivudine)." IDEC Pharmaceuticals Corporation, San Diego, CA.

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0

3. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

4. Matthews SJ "Telbivudine for the management of chronic hepatitis B virus infection." Clin Ther 29 (2007): 2635-53

5. Jones R, Nelson M "Novel anti-hepatitis B agents: A focus on telbivudine." Int J Clin Pract 60 (2006): 1295-9

6. "Telbivudine (Tyzeka) for chronic Hepatitis B." Med Lett Drugs Ther 49 (2007): 11-2

7. Keam SJ "Telbivudine." Drugs 67 (2007): 1917-29

8. Yuen MF, Lai CL "Telbivudine: an upcoming agent for chronic hepatitis B." Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 3 (2005): 489-94

9. Hu P, Jiang J, Wang H, et al. "Single-dose and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and safety of telbivudine after oral administration in healthy Chinese subjects." J Clin Pharmacol 46 (2006): 999-1007

10. Lai CL, Lim SG, Brown NA, et al. "A dose-finding study of once-daily oral telbivudine in HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection." Hepatology 40 (2004): 719-26

11. Zhou XJ, Swan S, Smith WB, et al. "Pharmacokinetics of telbivudine in subjects with various degrees of renal impairment." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51 (2007): 4231-5

12. Zhou XJ, Marbury TC, Alcorn HW, et al. "Pharmacokinetics of telbivudine in subjects with various degrees of hepatic impairment." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50 (2006): 1721-6

Further information

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Some side effects may not be reported. You may report them to the FDA.

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