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Triamcinolone ophthalmic Side Effects

For the Consumer

Applies to triamcinolone ophthalmic: intraocular suspension

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction while taking triamcinolone ophthalmic: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have a serious side effect such as:

  • problems with your vision, pain behind your eyes, or seeing halos around lights;

  • eye swelling, redness, severe discomfort, crusting or drainage (may be signs of infection);

  • large red or purple spots on your skin;

  • fast or slow heart rate;

  • feeling short of breath, swelling in your hands or feet;

  • dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain, uneven heartbeats, seizure);

  • severe dizziness or nausea;

  • severe depression, changes in mood or behavior, seizures (convulsions); or

  • severe pain in your upper stomach.

Less serious side effects of triamcinolone ophthalmic may include:

  • mild eye discomfort;

  • headaches, back aches, weakness;

  • bloating, appetite changes, weight gain;

  • changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist), roundness in your face;

  • increased acne or facial hair;

  • menstrual problems (in women), impotence or loss of interest in sex (in men);

  • dry skin, thinning skin, changes in skin color;

  • bruising, sweating more than usual; or

  • any wound that will not heal.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to triamcinolone ophthalmic: intraocular suspension


The most commonly reported side effects were elevated intraocular pressure and cataract progression.[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Endophthalmitis (infectious and non-infectious), hypopyon, injection site reactions (described as blurring and transient discomfort), glaucoma, vitreous floaters, detachment of retinal pigment epithelium, optic disc vascular disorder, eye inflammation, conjunctival hemorrhage, visual acuity reduced, exophthalmos[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Anaphylactoid reaction, anaphylaxis, angioedema[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Elevation in blood pressure, bradycardia, cardiac arrest, cardiac arrhythmia, cardiac enlargement, circulatory collapse, congestive heart failure, fat embolism, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in premature infants, myocardial rupture following recent myocardial infarction, syncope, tachycardia, thromboembolism, thrombophlebitis, vasculitis[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Acne, allergic dermatitis, cutaneous and subcutaneous atrophy, dry scalp, edema, facial erythema, hyper or hypopigmentation, increased sweating, petechiae, ecchymosis, rash, sterile abscess, striae, suppressed reactions to skin tests, thin fragile skin, thinning scalp hair, urticaria[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Alteration in glucose tolerance, abnormal fat deposits, decreased carbohydrate tolerance, development of Cushingoid state, hirsutism, manifestations of latent diabetes mellitus and increased requirements for insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetics, menstrual irregularities, moon facies, secondary adrenocortical and pituitary unresponsiveness (particularly in times of stress, as in trauma, surgery or illness), suppression of growth in children[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Abdominal distention, hiccups, malaise, nausea, pancreatitis, peptic ulcer with possible perforation and hemorrhage, ulcerative esophagitis[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Fluid retention, increased appetite, weight gain, potassium loss, hypokalemic alkalosis, negative nitrogen balance due to protein catabolism[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Aseptic necrosis of femoral and humeral heads, Charcot-like arthropathy, loss of muscle mass, muscle weakness, osteoporosis, pathologic fracture of long bones, steroid myopathy, tendon rupture, vertebral compression fractures[Ref]

Nervous system

Frequency not reported: Arachnoiditis, convulsions, headache, increased intracranial pressure with papilledema (pseudo-tumor cerebri) usually following discontinuation of treatment, insomnia, meningitis, neuritis, neuropathy, paraparesis/paraplegia, paresthesia, sensory disturbances, vertigo[Ref]


Postmarketing reports: Alteration in motility and number of spermatozoa[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Elevation in serum liver enzymes levels (usually reversible upon discontinuation), hepatomegaly[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Impaired wound healing[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Behavioral and mood changes, depression, emotional instability, euphoria[Ref]


Frequency not reported: Pulmonary edema[Ref]


1. "Product Information. Triesence (triamcinolone ophthalmic)." Alcon Laboratories Inc, Fort Worth, TX.

It is possible that some side effects of triamcinolone ophthalmic may not have been reported. These can be reported to the FDA here. Always consult a healthcare professional for medical advice.

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