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Penicillin g benzathine Side Effects

For the Consumer

Applies to penicillin g benzathine: injection suspension

Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:

Pain, swelling, or bleeding at the injection site; mild diarrhea; worsening of arthritis.

Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur while taking penicillin g benzathine:

Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); bizarre behavior; blood in urine; bloody stools; chest pain; chills; extreme tiredness; fainting; fast heartbeat; fever; flushing with lightheadedness or fainting; hallucinations; headache; itching; muscle pain; nausea; pounding in the chest; rapid breathing; seizures; severe diarrhea; stomach pain/cramps; vaginal irritation or itching; vomiting; worsening of skin lesions.

For Healthcare Professionals

Applies to penicillin g benzathine: intramuscular suspension

Local

Frequency not reported: Injection site reactions (including pain, inflammation, lump, abscess, necrosis, edema, hemorrhage, cellulitis, hypersensitivity, atrophy, ecchymosis, skin ulcer), neurovascular reactions (including warmth, vasospasm, pallor, mottling, gangrene, numbness of the extremities, cyanosis of the extremities, neurovascular damage)[Ref]

Hypersensitivity

Frequency not reported: Hypersensitivity reactions (including skin eruptions [maculopapular to exfoliative dermatitis], urticaria, laryngeal edema, fever, eosinophilia, hypersensitivity myocarditis, other serum sickness-like reactions [including chills, fever, edema, arthralgia, prostration], anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reaction [including shock, death], allergic vasculitis, pruritus, fatigue, asthenia, pain)[Ref]

Cardiovascular

Frequency not reported: Cardiac arrest, hypotension, tachycardia, palpitations, pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary embolism, vasodilation, vasovagal reaction, cerebrovascular accident, cyanosis[Ref]

Nervous system

Severe reactions (including myoclonus, seizures, auditory and visual hallucinations, decreased mentation) have been reported with high-dose penicillin therapy or in patients with renal dysfunction. Severe neurologic reactions were most often seen with penicillin doses of 18 million to 80 million units daily. These reactions frequently abated after discontinuation of penicillin. In several cases, penicillin was restarted at a lower dose with no further sequelae. In 1 review, the authors found that cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) penicillin levels were higher in patients with seizures than in those without. CSF penicillin levels ranged from 12 to 61 units/mL in the seizure group with the highest CSF concentrations, compared to 7.8 units/mL in the group without seizures. Neurologic reactions occurred frequently in patients with renal dysfunction.

A syndrome characterized by various central nervous system symptoms (e.g., severe agitation with confusion, visual and auditory hallucinations, fear of impending death [Hoigne's syndrome]) has been reported after administration of this drug. Other symptoms associated with this syndrome have included psychosis, seizures, dizziness, tinnitus, cyanosis, palpitations, tachycardia, and abnormal taste perception.[Ref]

Frequency not reported: Syncope, neuropathy, headache, tremors, dizziness, somnolence, abnormal taste perception, tinnitus, transverse myelitis, seizures, aseptic meningitis, coma, neurovascular reactions (including warmth, vasospasm, pallor, mottling, gangrene, numbness of the extremities, cyanosis of the extremities, neurovascular damage), myoclonus, decreased mentation, neurologic reactions[Ref]

Gastrointestinal

Onset of pseudomembranous colitis symptoms have been reported during or after antibacterial therapy.[Ref]

Frequency not reported: Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea, pseudomembranous colitis, nausea, vomiting, intestinal necrosis, blood in the stool[Ref]

Hematologic

Frequency not reported: Hemolytic anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy[Ref]

Hepatic

A 28-year-old female developed jaundice, fever, epidermolysis, abnormal liver function tests, and cholestasis several days after receiving a single dose of penicillin IM. Her liver dysfunction continued for up to 18 months. She had taken acetaminophen concurrently but denied alcohol use.[Ref]

Frequency not reported: Increased AST, jaundice, cholestasis, abnormal liver function tests[Ref]

Musculoskeletal

Frequency not reported: Joint disorder, periostitis, myoglobinuria, rhabdomyolysis, exacerbation of arthritis, quadriceps femoris fibrosis and atrophy[Ref]

Quadriceps femoris fibrosis and atrophy have been reported after repeated IM injections into the anterolateral thigh.[Ref]

Renal

Frequency not reported: Increased BUN, increased creatinine, renal failure, nephropathy, acute interstitial nephritis[Ref]

Respiratory

Frequency not reported: Hypoxia, apnea, dyspnea[Ref]

Psychiatric

Frequency not reported: Nervousness, confusion, anxiety, euphoria, auditory and visual hallucinations, agitation, fear of impending death, psychosis[Ref]

Ocular

Frequency not reported: Blurred vision, blindness[Ref]

Genitourinary

Frequency not reported: Neurogenic bladder, hematuria, proteinuria, impotence, priapism[Ref]

Dermatologic

Frequency not reported: Diaphoresis, rash, peeling, mucosal ulceration, urticaria, epidermolysis[Ref]

Other

Frequency not reported: Fatigue, asthenia, pain, aggravation of existing disorder, Hoigne's syndrome[Ref]

Immunologic

The Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction has been reported during syphilis treatment.

Frequency not reported: Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction

References

1. "Product Information. Bicillin L-A (penicillin)." Monarch Pharmaceuticals Inc, Bristol, TN.

2. Cerner Multum, Inc. "Australian Product Information." O 0

3. International Rheumatic Fever Study Group "Allergic reactions to long-term benzathine penicillin prophylaxis for rheumatic fever." Lancet 337 (1991): 1308-10

4. Barrons RW, Murray KM, Richey RM "Populations at risk for penicillin-induced seizures." Ann Pharmacother 26 (1992): 26-9

5. Andrade RJ, Guilarte J, Salmeron FJ, Lucena MI, Bellot V "Benzylpenicillin-induced prolonged cholestasis." Ann Pharmacother 35 (2001): 783-4

It is possible that some side effects of penicillin g benzathine may not have been reported. These can be reported to the FDA here. Always consult a healthcare professional for medical advice.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill , knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate safety, effectiveness, or appropriateness for any given patient. Drugs.com does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of materials provided. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the substances you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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